bims-resufa Biomed News
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2024‒05‒05
one paper selected by
Gavin McStay, Liverpool John Moores University

  1. Dev Cell. 2024 May 02. pii: S1534-5807(24)00237-5. [Epub ahead of print]
      The oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system is intricately organized, with respiratory complexes forming super-assembled quaternary structures whose assembly mechanisms and physiological roles remain under investigation. Cox7a2l, also known as Scaf1, facilitates complex III and complex IV (CIII-CIV) super-assembly, enhancing energetic efficiency in various species. We examined the role of Cox7a1, another Cox7a family member, in supercomplex assembly and muscle physiology. Zebrafish lacking Cox7a1 exhibited reduced CIV2 formation, metabolic alterations, and non-pathological muscle performance decline. Additionally, cox7a1-/- hearts displayed a pro-regenerative metabolic profile, impacting cardiac regenerative response. The distinct phenotypic effects of cox7a1-/- and cox7a2l-/- underscore the diverse metabolic and physiological consequences of impaired supercomplex formation, emphasizing the significance of Cox7a1 in muscle maturation within the OXPHOS system.
    Keywords:  Ca(2+) signaling; cox7a1; cox7a2l; electron transport chain; heart regeneration; metabolic rewiring; mitochondria; muscle physiology; scaf1; supercomplex assembly; zebrafish