bims-ovdlit Biomed News
on Ovarian cancer: early diagnosis, liquid biopsy and therapy
Issue of 2023‒12‒17
three papers selected by
Lara Paracchini, Humanitas Research

  1. Gynecol Oncol. 2023 Dec 12. pii: S0090-8258(23)01591-3. [Epub ahead of print]180 146-151
      BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of primary human papillomavirus (HPV) screening on cervical cancer incidence and mortality are still missing. We conducted a long-term follow-up of the Finnish randomized HPV screening trial, the first HPV screening trial run within the routine screening program, to assess these measures.METHODS: During 2003-2008, over 236,000 individuals were randomized (1:1) to HPV and cytology screening arms in Southern Finland. To compare the study arms, we calculated the cervical cancer incidence and mortality rate ratios using Poisson regression.
    RESULTS: During a total of 3.5 million person-years of follow-up, we observed 129 cervical cancers and 32 cervical cancer deaths in the cytology arm, 139 cervical cancers and 32 cervical cancer deaths in the HPV arm. Compared to the cytology arm, in the HPV arm, the incidence rate ratio was 1.08 (95% CI 0.85-1.37), and the mortality rate ratio was 1.01 (95% CI 0.61-1.64).
    CONCLUSIONS: We studied the effects of HPV screening on both cervical cancer incidence and mortality for the first time in a setting with an already well-established, high-quality cytology screening program. In this kind of setting with a low incidence of cervical cancer, HPV and cytology screening showed similar effectiveness. HPV screening provides, however, an objective, validated test system and enables self-sampling which can improve screening coverage. More attention is needed yet to ensure the balance between the harms and benefits of HPV screening.
    Keywords:  Cervical cancer incidence; Cervical cancer screening; HPV screening; Randomized trial; Screening effectiveness