bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2024‒02‒25
one paper selected by
Laura Mannarino, Humanitas Research

  1. Int J Mol Sci. 2024 Feb 08. pii: 2059. [Epub ahead of print]25(4):
      The in-silico strategy of identifying novel uses for already existing drugs, known as drug repositioning, has enhanced drug discovery. Previous studies have shown a positive correlation between expression changes induced by the anticancer agent trabectedin and those caused by irinotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor. Leveraging the availability of transcriptional datasets, we developed a general in-silico drug-repositioning approach that we applied to investigate novel trabectedin synergisms. We set a workflow allowing the identification of genes selectively modulated by a drug and possible novel drug interactions. To show its effectiveness, we selected trabectedin as a case-study drug. We retrieved eight transcriptional cancer datasets including controls and samples treated with trabectedin or its analog lurbinectedin. We compared gene signature associated with each dataset to the 476,251 signatures from the Connectivity Map database. The most significant connections referred to mitomycin-c, topoisomerase II inhibitors, a PKC inhibitor, a Chk1 inhibitor, an antifungal agent, and an antagonist of the glutamate receptor. Genes coherently modulated by the drugs were involved in cell cycle, PPARalpha, and Rho GTPases pathways. Our in-silico approach for drug synergism identification showed that trabectedin modulates specific pathways that are shared with other drugs, suggesting possible synergisms.
    Keywords:  drug combination; drug synergism; in-silico drug repositioning; lurbinectedin; trabectedin