bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2023‒10‒22
one paper selected by
Laura Mannarino, Humanitas Research

  1. Radiologia (Engl Ed). 2023 Oct;pii: S2173-5107(22)00034-9. [Epub ahead of print]65 Suppl 2 S23-S32
      BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Myxoid liposarcoma is classified in the group of sarcomas with adipose differentiation, which is the second most common group of sarcomas. However, myxoid liposarcoma is not a homogeneous entity, because the behavior and clinical course of these tumours can vary widely. This study aimed to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of myxoid liposarcomas and to determine whether the MRI features are associated with the histologic grade and can differentiate between low-grade and high-grade tumours and thus help in clinical decision making.MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 36 patients with myxoid liposarcomas treated at our centre between 2010 and 2018. We analysed clinical variables (age, sex, and tumour site) and MRI features (size, depth, borders, fatty component, myxoid component, non-fatty/non-myxoid component, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and type of enhancement after the administration of intravenous contrast material). We correlated the MRI features with the histologic grade and the percentage of round cells.
    RESULTS: In our series, patients with myxoid liposarcomas were mainly young adults (median age, 43 years). There were no differences between sexes; 97.2% were located in the lower limbs, 86.1% were deep, and 77.8% had well-defined borders. Of the 23 myxoid liposarcomas that contained no fat, 16 (69.6%) were high grade (p = 0.01). All the tumors with a myxoid component of less than 25% were high grade (p = 0.01); 83.3% of those with a non-fatty/non-myxoid component greater than 50% were high grade (p = 0.03) and 61.5% had more than 5% round cells (p = 0.01). Diffusion sequences were obtained in 14 of the 36 patients; ADC values were high (median, 2 × 10-3 mm2/s), although there were no significant associations between low-grade and high-grade tumours. Contrast-enhanced images were available for 30 (83.3%) patients; 83.3% of the tumours with heterogeneous enhancement were high grade (p = 0.01).
    CONCLUSIONS: MRI can be useful for differentiating between high- and low-grade myxoid liposarcomas and can help in clinical decision making.
    Keywords:  Histology; Histología; Liposarcoma; Liposarcoma mixoide; Magnetic resonance imaging; Myxoid liposarcoma; Resonancia magnética