bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2023‒09‒17
one paper selected by
Laura Mannarino, Humanitas Research

  1. Virchows Arch. 2023 Sep 13.
      Myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) is a common type of liposarcoma. It is characterized by variably lipogenic uniform cells in myxoid stroma with arborizing capillaries and DDIT3 fusion. Nuclear uniformity is the rule, which is maintained even in high-grade round cell examples. In this study, we conducted an in-depth investigation of four MLS tumors that demonstrated nuclear pleomorphism in three patients. These cases accounted for 2.1% of 142 patients with MLS. All patients were male aged 26, 33, and 49 years. Nuclear pleomorphism was observed in both primary and metastatic tumors in one patient, a primary tumor in one patient, and a metastatic tumor in another patient. Pleomorphism was severe in three tumors and moderate in one. Histology resembled that of dedifferentiated liposarcoma with myxoid features, pleomorphic liposarcoma with myxoid features, or myxoid pleomorphic liposarcoma in two tumors, pleomorphic sarcoma with focal cartilaginous and rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in one tumor, and epithelioid pleomorphic liposarcoma in one tumor. All tumors harbored FUS::DDIT3 fusions and immunohistochemically expressed DDIT3. All tumors had TP53 mutations, whereas previous specimens with uniform cytology from the same patients lacked TP53 mutations. One tumor showed RB1 deletion and complete loss of Rb expression, which was unclassifiable using DNA methylation-based methods. The rare occurrence of nuclear pleomorphism is underrecognized in MLS and increases the complexity to the diagnosis of liposarcoma. DDIT3 evaluation can be liberally considered in liposarcoma assessment even in the presence of nuclear pleomorphism.
    Keywords:  DDIT3; Myxoid liposarcoma; Nuclear pleomorphism; TP53