bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2023‒09‒03
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino, Humanitas Research

  1. Front Pharmacol. 2023 ;14 1199292
      Despite the low incidence of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs), hundreds of thousands of new STS cases are diagnosed annually worldwide, and approximately half of them eventually progress to advanced stages. Currently, chemotherapy is the first-line treatment for advanced STSs. There are difficulties in selecting appropriate drugs for multiline chemotherapy, or for combination treatment of different STS histological subtypes. In this study, we first comprehensively reviewed the efficacy of various chemotherapeutic drugs in the treatment of STSs, and then described the current status of sensitive drugs for different STS subtypes. anthracyclines are the most important systemic treatment for advanced STSs. Ifosfamide, trabectedin, gemcitabine, taxanes, dacarbazine, and eribulin exhibit certain activities in STSs. Vinca alkaloid agents (vindesine, vinblastine, vinorelbine, vincristine) have important therapeutic effects in specific STS subtypes, such as rhabdomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma family tumors, whereas their activity in other subtypes is weak. Other chemotherapeutic drugs (methotrexate, cisplatin, etoposide, pemetrexed) have weak efficacy in STSs and are rarely used. It is necessary to select specific second- or above-line chemotherapeutic drugs depending on the histological subtype. This review aims to provide a reference for the selection of chemotherapeutic drugs for multi-line therapy for patients with advanced STSs who have an increasingly long survival.
    Keywords:  chemotherapeutic drugs; chemotherapy; efficacy; review; sarcoma
  2. Front Pharmacol. 2023 ;14 1212634
      Objective: Trabectedin is an anti-cancer drug commonly used for the treatment of patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (mSTS). Despite its recognized efficacy, significant variability in pharmacological response has been observed among mSTS patients. To address this issue, this pharmacometabolomics study aimed to identify pre-dose plasma metabolomics signatures that can explain individual variations in trabectedin pharmacokinetics and overall clinical response to treatment. Methods: In this study, 40 mSTS patients treated with trabectedin administered by 24 h-intravenous infusion at a dose of 1.5 mg/m2 were enrolled. The patients' baseline plasma metabolomics profiles, which included derivatives of amino acids and bile acids, were analyzed using multiple reaction monitoring LC-MS/MS together with their pharmacokinetics profile of trabectedin. Multivariate Partial least squares regression and univariate statistical analyses were utilized to identify correlations between baseline metabolite concentrations and trabectedin pharmacokinetics, while Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis was employed to evaluate associations with clinical response. Results: The multiple regression model, derived from the correlation between the AUC of trabectedin and pre-dose metabolomics, exhibited the best performance by incorporating cystathionine, hemoglobin, taurocholic acid, citrulline, and the phenylalanine/tyrosine ratio. This model demonstrated a bias of 4.6% and a precision of 17.4% in predicting drug AUC, effectively accounting for up to 70% of the inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability. Through the use of Partial least squares-Discriminant Analysis, cystathionine and hemoglobin were identified as specific metabolic signatures that effectively distinguish patients with stable disease from those with progressive disease. Conclusions: The findings from this study provide compelling evidence to support the utilization of pre-dose metabolomics in uncovering the underlying causes of pharmacokinetic variability of trabectedin, as well as facilitating the identification of patients who are most likely to benefit from this treatment.
    Keywords:  biomarkers; metabolomics; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; pharmacometabolomics; sarcoma; trabectedin