bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2023‒08‒27
one paper selected by
Laura Mannarino, Humanitas Research

  1. Biomed Rep. 2023 Sep;19(3): 60
      Suppression of the antitumor cytokine interleukin-24 (IL-24) is critical for the survival of myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) cells. It has been previously demonstrated by the authors that an MLS-specific chimeric oncoprotein, translocated in liposarcoma-CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (TLS-CHOP), supresses IL24 mRNA expression via induction of proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) to sustain MLS cell proliferation. However, IL-24 has also been revealed to be suppressed by the ubiquitin-proteasome system in human ovarian and lung cancer cells. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of IL-24 suppression in MLS cells. The results revealed that the proteasome inhibitor, MG-132, induced cell death in MLS cells in vitro; this effect was reduced following IL-24 knockdown. This indicated that proteasomal degradation of IL-24 may be an important process for MLS cell survival. In addition, it was also previously revealed by the authors that knockdown of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a TLS-CHOP downstream molecule, suppressed the growth of MLS cells, thus instigating the investigation of the effect of PAI-1 on IL-24 expression in MLS cells. Double knockdown of PAI-1 and IL-24 negated the growth-suppressive effect of PAI-1 single knockdown in MLS cells. Interestingly, PAI-1 single knockdown did not increase the mRNA expression of IL24, but it did increase the protein abundance of IL-24, indicating that PAI-1 suppressed IL-24 expression by promoting its proteasomal degradation. Moreover, treatment of MLS cells with a PAI-1 inhibitor, TM5275, induced IL-24 protein expression and apoptosis. Collectively, the results of the present as well as previous studies indicated that IL-24 expression may be suppressed at the transcriptional level by PRG4 and at the protein level by PAI-1 in MLS cells. Accordingly, PAI-1 may represent an effective therapeutic target for MLS treatment.
    Keywords:  interleukin-24; myxoid liposarcoma; plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; the ubiquitin-proteasome system; translocated in liposarcoma-CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein