bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2023‒01‒01
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Front Pharmacol. 2022 ;13 987569
      Background: Chemoimmunotherapy is safe and efficacious in treating many types of malignant tumors. However, clinical data demonstrating the effect of this combination treatment in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are currently limited. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor plus doxorubicin in patients with advanced STS who failed previous systemic therapy. Methods: This was a single-center, single-arm, open-label phase II trial. Patients with unresectable or metastatic STS who had previously failed systemic therapy were enrolled. Patients received up to six cycles of doxorubicin and sintilimab (a PD-1 inhibitor), while sintilimab treatment continued for up to 2 years. Primary outcomes were objective response rate (ORR) and safety. Univariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the relationship between clinicopathological parameters and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: A total of 38 patients (20 men and 18 women) were enrolled in this study. The overall ORR was 39.5%, disease control rate was 71.1%, and the median PFS was 4.5 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 3.0-8.5 months]. The adverse events (AEs) associated with the combined treatment were mild, manageable, and well-tolerated. The most common grade 3 or higher AEs were hematologic, including leukopenia (21.1%), anemia (18.4%), and thrombocytopenia (18.4%). Patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) or dedifferentiated liposarcoma had a significantly longer PFS than those with other pathological subtypes [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.42, 95% CI 0.21-0.83; p = 0.013]. There was no significant difference in the median PFS between patients who had previously received anthracycline-based chemotherapy and those who had not (HR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.34-1.58, p = 0.43). Conclusion: Sintilimab plus doxorubicin is a safe and promising treatment for patients with advanced STS who have failed previous systemic therapy (including anthracycline-based chemotherapy). The efficacy of this combination therapy in UPS and dedifferentiated liposarcoma is superior to that in other sarcomas. Clinical Trial Registration:, registration number: ChiCTR1900027009.
    Keywords:  PD-1 inhibitor; chemoimmunotherapy; chemotherapy; dedifferentiated liposarcoma; undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma
  2. Front Oncol. 2022 ;12 1042479
      Background: Among sarcomas, which are rare cancers with an incidence of <6 per 100.000/year cases, ultra-rare sarcomas have an incidence of approximately ≤1/1,000,000/year cases and altogether account for ~20% of all soft tissue sarcomas (STS) and bone sarcomas. The Italian Sarcoma Group has recently performed a non-interventional, retrospective TrObs study with data from 512 anthracycline-pretreated patients with advanced multiple STS histologies and treated with trabectedin (Palmerini, Cancers 2021; Identifier: NCT02793050).Methods: A post-hoc analysis of case series to evaluate the efficacy and safety of trabectedin on patients with ultra-rare and other rare translocation-related sarcomas included in TrObs study was performed. Main outcomes comprised investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS) and safety.
    Results: Thirty-six patients (18 women) with ultra-rare and other rare sarcoma and a median age of 53.0 years (range: 22-81) were included. Most patients had solitary fibrous tumor (SFT; n=11) followed by epithelioid sarcoma (n=5), malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST; n=4), extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC; n=3), desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT; n=3), and alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), rhabdomyosarcoma and clear cell sarcoma (n=2 each). Thirty-five patients had metastatic disease and 23 patients received trabectedin as a second-line treatment. Among 35 patients evaluable for response, two patients with SFT and ASPS had a partial response and one patient with DSRCT obtained a complete response, reaching an ORR of 8.6% (95% CI: 2.8-23.4%). Among patients with an ORR, 6-months PFS was 100% in patients with ASPS, 45.7% in patients with SFT and 33.3% in those with DSRCT. Two patients with epithelioid sarcoma and myoepithelioma had disease stabilization lasting >24 months. Nine patients had at least one grade 3/4 adverse event, mostly being bone marrow toxicity (n=6).
    Conclusions: Trabectedin has some anti-tumor activity in some ultra-rare and other rare sarcomas, particularly translocation-related sarcomas, with the well-known manageable safety profile.
    Keywords:  rare; sarcoma; soft tissue; translocation-related; ultra-rare