bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2022‒09‒04
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Sci Rep. 2022 Aug 30. 12(1): 14764
      Chromosome translocation (TL) is an important mode of genomic changes underlying human tumorigenesis, the detailed mechanisms of which are, however, still not well understood. The two major modalities of DNA double strand break repair, i.e. homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), have been hypothesized. In a typical TL+ human neoplasm, Ewing sarcoma, which is frequently associated with t(11;22) TL encoding the EWS-FLI1 fusion gene, NHEJ has been regarded as a model to explain the disease-specific TL. Using comprehensive microarray approaches, we observed that expression of the HR genes, particularly of RAD51, is upregulated in TL+ Ewing sarcoma cell lines, WE-68 and SK-N-MC, as in the other TL+ tumor cell lines and one defective in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). The upregulated RAD51 expression indeed lead to frequent focus formation, which may suggest an activation of the HR pathway in these cells. Furthermore, sister chromatid exchange was frequently observed in the TL+ and MMR-defective cells. Intriguingly, ionizing irradiation revealed that the decrease of 53BP1 foci was significantly retarded in the Ewing sarcoma cell lines, suggesting that the NHEJ pathway may be less active in the cells. These observations may support an HR involvement, at least in part, to explain TL in Ewing sarcoma.
  2. Cancer Treat Rev. 2022 Aug 18. pii: S0305-7372(22)00124-4. [Epub ahead of print]110 102455
      BACKGROUND: In ultra-rare sarcomas (URS) the conduction of prospective, randomized trials is challenging. Data from retrospective observational studies (ROS) may represent the best evidence available. ROS implicit limitations led to poor acceptance by the scientific community and regulatory authorities. In this context, an expert panel from the Connective Tissue Oncology Society (CTOS), agreed on the need to establish a set of minimum requirements for conducting high-quality ROS on the activity of systemic therapies in URS.METHODS: Representatives from > 25 worldwide sarcoma reference centres met in November 2020 and identified a list of topics summarizing the main issues encountered in ROS on URS. An online survey on these topics was distributed to the panel; results were summarized by descriptive statistics and discussed during a second meeting (November 2021).
    RESULTS: Topics identified by the panel included the use of ROS results as external control data, the criteria for contributing centers selection, modalities for ensuring a correct pathological diagnosis and radiologic assessment, consistency of surveillance policies across centers, study end-points, risk of data duplication, results publication. Based on the answers to the survey (55 of 62 invited experts) and discussion the panel agreed on 18 statements summarizing principles of recommended practice.
    CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations will be disseminated by CTOS across the sarcoma community and incorporated in future ROS on URS, to maximize their quality and favor their use as control data when results from prospective studies are unavailable. These recommendations could help the optimal conduction of ROS also in other rare tumors.
    Keywords:  Consensus; Methodology; Observational study; Retrospective study; Sarcoma; Ultra-rare sarcoma