bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2022‒08‒07
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2022 Aug 08. 51(8): 738-742
      Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular genetic characteristics of myxoid pleomorphic liposarcoma (MPLPS). Methods: Six cases of MPLPS diagnosed and consulted in Fujian Provincial Hospital from 2015 to 2021 were collected for histomorphological observation, immunohistochemistry, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detection of DDIT3 (CHOP) gene translocation and MDM2/CDK4 gene amplification. Results: There were four males and two females, aged 26-74 years (mean 53.8 years). The tumor size was 3.8-16.0 cm (mean 11.8 cm). All six cases had similar histopathologic features, showing overlapping histologic morphology of myxoid liposarcoma and pleomorphic liposarcoma. Four cases (4/6) were positive for S-100 protein, and the Ki-67 index was 50%-95%. All cases (6/6) were negative for DDIT3 (CHOP) translocation and MDM2/CDK4 amplification by FISH. TP53 (p.R248w) germline mutation was found in one case. Conclusions: MPLPS is a rare subtype of liposarcoma, characterized by overlapping morphology of myxoid liposarcoma and pleomorphic liposarcoma. Genetically, a few of them have TP53 gene germline mutations, but they lack of DDIT3 (CHOP) translocation or MDM2/CDK4 amplification.
  2. Front Oncol. 2022 ;12 944025
      The hypoxic state of the tumor microenvironment leads to reprogramming lipid metabolism in tumor cells. Adipose triglyceride lipase, also known as patatin-like phospholipase= domain-containing protein 2 and Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), as an essential lipid metabolism-regulating enzyme in cells, is regulated accordingly under hypoxia induction. However, studies revealed that ATGL exhibits both tumor-promoting and tumor-suppressing effects, which depend on the cancer cell type and the site of tumorigenesis. For example, elevated ATGL expression in breast cancer is accompanied by enhanced fatty acid oxidation (FAO), enhancing cancer cells' metastatic ability. In prostate cancer, on the other hand, tumor activity tends to be negatively correlated with ATGL expression. This review outlined the regulation of ATGL-mediated lipid metabolism pathways in tumor cells, emphasizing the Hypoxia-inducible factors 1 (HIF-1)/Hypoxia-inducible lipid droplet-associated (HIG-2)/ATGL axis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)/G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2)/ATGL axis, and fat-specific protein 27 (FSP-27)/Early growth response protein 1 (EGR-1)/ATGL axis. In the light of recent research on different cancer types, the role of ATGL on tumorigenesis, tumor proliferation, and tumor metastasis was systemically reviewed.
    Keywords:  Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL); HIF-1; cancer; hypoxia; lipid metabolism