bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2021‒11‒07
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Hum Cell. 2021 Nov 03.
      Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a rare osteolytic intermediate bone tumor that harbors a pathogenic H3F3A gene mutation and exhibits characteristic histology. The standard curative treatment for GCTB is complete surgical resection, but it frequently results in local recurrence and, more rarely, metastasis. Therefore, effective multidisciplinary treatment is needed. Although patient-derived tumor cell lines are promising tools for preclinical and basic research, there are only four available cell lines for GCTB in public cell banks. Thus, the aim of this study was to establish a novel GCTB cell line. Using surgically resected tumor tissues from a patient with GCTB, we established a cell line named NCC-GCTB4-C1. The cells harbored the typical H3F3A gene mutation and exhibited constant proliferation and invasive capabilities. After characterizing NCC-GCTB4-C1 cell behaviors, we conducted high-throughput screening of 214 anti-tumor drugs and identified seven effective drugs. Comparing the results of high-throughput screening using NCC-GCTB4-C1 cell line with the results using NCC-GCTB1-C1, NCC-GCTB2-C1, and NCC-GCTB3-C1 cell lines that we previously established, four drugs were in common effective. This study showed potential drugs for the treatment of GCTB. These data indicate that NCC-GCTB4-C1 has the potential to be a powerful tool in preclinical and basic research on GCTB.
    Keywords:  Anti-tumor drug screening; Cell lines; Giant cell tumor of bone; Preclinical model