bims-myxlip Biomed News
on Myxoid liposarcoma
Issue of 2021‒05‒16
two papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Hum Cell. 2021 May 15.
      Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is one of the most aggressive sarcomas with highly complex karyotypes and genomic profiles. Although a complete resection is required in the treatment of MFS, it is often not achieved due to its strong invasive nature. Additionally, MFS is refractory to conventional chemotherapy, leading to poor prognosis. Therefore, it is necessary to develop novel treatment modalities for MFS. Patient-derived cell lines are important tools in basic research and preclinical studies. However, only 10 MFS cell lines have been reported to date. Furthermore, among these cell lines, merely two MFS cell lines are publicly available. Hence, we established a novel MFS cell line named NCC-MFS3-C1, using a surgically resected tumor specimen from a patient with MFS. NCC-MFS3-C1 cells had copy number alterations corresponding to the original tumor. NCC-MFS3-C1 cells demonstrate constant proliferation, spheroid formation, and aggressive invasion. In drug screening tests, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the histone deacetylase inhibitor romidepsin demonstrated significant antiproliferative effects on NCC-MFS3-C1 cells. Thus, the NCC-MFS3-C1 cell line is a useful tool in both basic and preclinical studies for MFS.
    Keywords:  Drug screening; Myxofibrosarcoma; Patient-derived cancer model; Patient-derived cell line; Sarcoma
  2. Mol Oncol. 2021 May 13.
      Predictive biomarkers of trabectedin represents an unmet need in advanced soft-tissue sarcomas (STS). DNA damage repair (DDR) genes, involved in homologous recombination or nucleotide excision repair, had been previously described as biomarkers of trabectedin resistance or sensitivity, respectively. The majority of these studies only focused on specific factors (ERCC1, ERCC5 and BRCA1) and did not evaluate several other DDR-related genes that could have a relevant role for trabectedin efficacy. In this retrospective translational study, 118 genes involved in DDR were evaluated to determine, by transcriptomics, a predictive gene signature of trabectedin efficacy. A six-gene predictive signature of trabectedin efficacy was built in a series of 139 tumor samples from patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. Patients in the high-risk gene signature group showed a significantly worse progression-free survival (PFS) compared to patients in the low-risk group (2.1 vs 6.0 months, respectively). Differential gene expression analysis defined new potential predictive biomarkers of trabectedin sensitivity (PARP3 and CCNH) or resistance (DNAJB11 and PARP1). Our study identified a new gene signature that significantly predicts patients with higher probability to respond to treatment with trabectedin. Targeting some genes of this signature emerges as a potential strategy to enhance trabectedin efficacy.
    Keywords:  gene signature; predictive biomarkers; trabectedin