bims-meprid Biomed News
on Metabolic-dependent epigenetic reprogramming in differentiation and disease
Issue of 2022‒10‒09
five papers selected by
Alessandro Carrer
Veneto Institute of Molecular Medicine

  1. Cancer Discov. 2022 Oct 05. 12(10): 2229
      AKT inhibits the metabolic enzyme PANK4 to promote the de novo synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA).
  2. Genome Biol. 2022 Oct 03. 23(1): 207
      BACKGROUND: Histone lactylation has been recently described as a novel histone post-translational modification linking cellular metabolism to epigenetic regulation.RESULTS: Given the expected relevance of this modification and current limited knowledge of its function, we generate genome-wide datasets of H3K18la distribution in various in vitro and in vivo samples, including mouse embryonic stem cells, macrophages, adipocytes, and mouse and human skeletal muscle. We compare them to profiles of well-established histone modifications and gene expression patterns. Supervised and unsupervised bioinformatics analysis shows that global H3K18la distribution resembles H3K27ac, although we also find notable differences. H3K18la marks active CpG island-containing promoters of highly expressed genes across most tissues assessed, including many housekeeping genes, and positively correlates with H3K27ac and H3K4me3 as well as with gene expression. In addition, H3K18la is enriched at active enhancers that lie in proximity to genes that are functionally important for the respective tissue.
    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our data suggests that H3K18la is not only a marker for active promoters, but also a mark of tissue specific active enhancers.
    Keywords:  Adipocyte; CUT&Tag; ChromHMM; Embryonic stem cell; Enhancer; Epigenetics; H3K18la; Histone post-translational modification; Lactate; Lactylation; Macrophage; Muscle; Promoter
  3. Cancer Res. 2022 Oct 04. 82(19): 3516-3531
      Emerging evidence demonstrates that the dysregulated metabolic enzymes can accelerate tumorigenesis and progression via both metabolic and nonmetabolic functions. Further elucidation of the role of metabolic enzymes in EGFR inhibitor resistance and metastasis, two of the leading causes of death in lung adenocarcinoma, could help improve patient outcomes. Here, we found that aberrant upregulation of phosphoserine aminotransferase 1 (PSAT1) confers erlotinib resistance and tumor metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma. Depletion of PSAT1 restored sensitivity to erlotinib and synergistically augmented the tumoricidal effect. Mechanistically, inhibition of PSAT1 activated the ROS-dependent JNK/c-Jun pathway to induce cell apoptosis. In addition, PSAT1 interacted with IQGAP1, subsequently activating STAT3-mediated cell migration independent of its metabolic activity. Clinical analyses showed that PSAT1 expression positively correlated with the progression of human lung adenocarcinoma. Collectively, these findings reveal the multifunctionality of PSAT1 in promoting tumor malignancy through its metabolic and nonmetabolic activities.SIGNIFICANCE: Metabolic and nonmetabolic functions of PSAT1 confer EGFR inhibitor resistance and promote metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma, suggesting therapeutic targeting of PSAT1 may attenuate the malignant features of lung cancer.
  4. Physiol Plant. 2022 Oct 03. e13794
      Protein acetylation and crotonylation are important post-translational modifications (PTMs) of lysine. In animal cells, the correlation of acetylation and crotonylation has been well characterized and the lysines of some proteins are acetylated or crotonylated depending on the relative concentrations of acetyl-CoA and crotonyl-CoA. However, in plants, the correlation of acetylation and crotonylation and the effects of the relative intracellular concentrations of crotonyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA on protein crotonylation and acetylation are not well known. In our previous study, PaACL silencing changed the content of acetyl-CoA in petunia (Petunia hybrida) corollas, and the effect of PaACL silencing on the global acetylation proteome in petunia was analyzed. In the present study, we found that PaACL silencing did not significantly alter the content of crotonyl-CoA. We performed a global crotonylation proteome analysis of the corollas of PaACL-silenced and control petunia plants; we found that protein crotonylation was closely related to protein acetylation and that proteins with more crotonylation sites often had more acetylation sites. Crotonylated proteins and acetylated proteins were enriched in many common KEGG pathways. However, PaACL silencing resulted in different KEGG pathway enrichment of proteins with different levels of crotonylation sites and acetylation sites. PaACLB1-B2 silencing did not led to changes in the opposite direction in crotonylation and acetylation levels at the same lysine site in cytoplasmic proteins, which indicated that cytoplasmic lysine acetylation and crotonylation might not depend on the relative concentrations of acetyl-CoA and crotonyl-CoA. Moreover, the global crotonylome and acetylome were weakly positively correlated in the corollas of PaACL-silenced and control plants.