bims-meprid Biomed News
on Metabolic-dependent epigenetic reprogramming in differentiation and disease
Issue of 2021‒12‒19
three papers selected by
Alessandro Carrer
Veneto Institute of Molecular Medicine

  1. Epigenomics. 2021 Dec 15.
    Keywords:  DNA methylation; HDAC; S1P; ceramide; dihydrosphingosine; epigenetics; gene expression; histone acetylation; noncoding RNA; sphingolipids
  2. Brain Res. 2021 Dec 09. pii: S0006-8993(21)00608-9. [Epub ahead of print]1776 147749
      Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are considered the key molecular link between gut microbiota and pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of SCFAs in PD pathogenesis is controversial. Autophagy is important for the degradation of α-synuclein, which is critical to the development of PD. However, whether SCFAs can regulate autophagy in PD remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the role of SCFAs and explore the potential mechanisms in rat dopaminergic PC12 cells treated with rotenone. Expression levels of α-synuclein, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta (LC3B)-II were detected by Western blot. Histone acetylation levels at PGC-1α promoter region were measured using chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-qPCR). Among the three SCFAs, sodium butyrate (NaB) protected against rotenone-induced toxicity. NaB activated autophagy pathway and reduced rotenone-induced α-synuclein expression through the activation of autophagy. Notably, NaB activated autophagy pathway through upregulating PGC-1α expression. More importantly, NaB promoted the levels of histone 3 lysine 9 acetylation (H3K9Ac) and histone 3 lysine 27 acetylation (H3K27Ac) at PGC-1α promoter region, indicating that NaB promotes PGC-1α expression via histone acetylation modification. In conclusion, NaB can protect against rotenone-induced toxicity through activation of the autophagy pathway by upregulating PGC-1α expression via epigenetic modification.
    Keywords:  Autophagy; Histone acetylation modification; Parkinson’s disease; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α; Short-chain fatty acid