bims-madeba Biomed News
on Mal de débarquement syndrome
Issue of 2021‒10‒24
one paper selected by
Jun Maruta
Mount Sinai Health System

  1. J Neural Eng. 2021 Oct 20.
      OBJECTIVE: Heterogeneous clinical responses to treatment with non-invasive brain stimulation are commonly observed, making it necessary to determine personally optimized stimulation parameters. We investigated neuroimaging markers of effective brain targets of treatment with continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) in Mal de Débarquement Syndrome (MdDS), a balance disorder of persistent oscillating vertigo previously shown to exhibit abnormal intrinsic functional connectivity.APPROACH: Twenty-four right-handed, cTBS-naive individuals with MdDS received single administrations of cTBS over one of three stimulation targets in randomized order. The optimal target was determined based on the assessment of acute changes after the administration of cTBS over each target. Repetitive cTBS sessions were delivered on three consecutive days with the optimal target chosen by the participant. EEG was recorded at single-administration test sessions of cTBS. Simultaneous EEG and fMRI data were acquired at baseline and after completion of 10-12 sessions. Network connectivity changes after single and repetitive stimulations of cTBS were analyzed.
    MAIN RESULTS: Using electrophysiological source imaging and a data-driven method, we identified network-level connectivity changes in EEG that correlated with symptom responses after completion of multiple sessions of cTBS. We further determined that connectivity changes demonstrated by EEG during test sessions of single administrations of cTBS were signatures that could predict optimal targets.
    SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings demonstrate the effect of cTBS on resting state brain networks and suggest an imaging-based, closed-loop stimulation paradigm that can identify optimal targets during short-term test sessions of stimulation. Identifier: NCT02470377.
    Keywords:  EEG; Mal de Débarquement Syndrome; continuous theta burst stimulation; fMRI; functional connectivity; resting state networks