bims-madeba Biomed News
on Mal de débarquement syndrome
Issue of 2019‒10‒06
two papers selected by
Jun Maruta
Mount Sinai Health System

  1. Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 04. 9(1): 14323
      Vestibular migraine (VM) is the most common cause of spontaneous vertigo but remains poorly understood. We investigated the hypothesis that central vestibular pathways are sensitized in VM by measuring self-motion perceptual thresholds in patients and control subjects and by characterizing the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and vestibular and headache symptom severity. VM patients were abnormally sensitive to roll tilt, which co-modulates semicircular canal and otolith organ activity, but not to motions that activate the canals or otolith organs in isolation, implying sensitization of canal-otolith integration. When tilt thresholds were considered together with vestibular symptom severity or VOR dynamics, VM patients segregated into two clusters. Thresholds in one cluster correlated positively with symptoms and with the VOR time constant; thresholds in the second cluster were uniformly low and independent of symptoms and the time constant. The VM threshold abnormality showed a frequency-dependence that paralleled the brain stem velocity storage mechanism. These results support a pathogenic model where vestibular symptoms emanate from the vestibular nuclei, which are sensitized by migraine-related brainstem regions and simultaneously suppressed by inhibitory feedback from the cerebellar nodulus and uvula, the site of canal-otolith integration. This conceptual framework elucidates VM pathophysiology and could potentially facilitate its diagnosis and treatment.
  2. Rev Med Suisse. 2019 Oct 02. 15(665): 1737-1739
      The Mal de Débarquement Syndrome (MdDS) is characterized by a persistent (> 1 month) sensation of self-motion, most of the time initially motion-triggered (i.e. boat, car, airplane travel). The symptoms are markedly diminished during a new exposure to passive motion. Female are more often affected. The vestibular functional assessment and cerebral imaging are normal. Chronic fatigue, headache, hypersensitivity to visual stimuli are other classical features of MdDS. The impact of MdDS on quality of life is significant. Maladaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, abnormal functional connectivity as well as gonadal hormones imbalance are possible causes of the MdDS. Exposure to optokinetic stimulations, and transcranial magnetic stimulations open therapeutic perspectives.