bims-hypusi Biomed News
on Hypusine and eIF5A
Issue of 2024‒02‒11
one paper selected by
Sebastian J. Hofer, University of Graz

  1. Int J Mol Sci. 2024 Feb 01. pii: 1766. [Epub ahead of print]25(3):
      Programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) exists in all branches of life that regulate gene expression at the translational level. The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is a highly conserved protein essential in all eukaryotes. It is identified initially as an initiation factor and functions broadly in translation elongation and termination. The hypusination of eIF5A is specifically required for +1 PRF at the shifty site derived from the ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 1 (OAZ1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, whether the regulation of +1 PRF by yeast eIF5A is universal remains unknown. Here, we found that Sc-eIF5A depletion decreased the putrescine/spermidine ratio. The re-introduction of Sc-eIF5A in yeast eIF5A mutants recovered the putrescine/spermidine ratio. In addition, the Sc-eIF5A depletion decreases +1 PRF during the decoding of Ty1 retrotransposon mRNA, but has no effect on -1 PRF during the decoding of L-A virus mRNA. The re-introduction of Sc-eIF5A in yeast eIF5A mutants restored the +1 PRF rate of Ty1. The inhibition of the hypusine modification of yeast eIF5A by GC7 treatment or by mutating the hypusination site Lys to Arg caused decreases of +1 PRF rates in the Ty1 retrotransposon. Furthermore, mutational studies of the Ty1 frameshifting element support a model where the efficient removal of ribosomal subunits at the first Ty1 frame 0 stop codon is required for the frameshifting of trailing ribosomes. This dependency is likely due to the unique position of the frame 0 stop codon distance from the slippery sequence of Ty1. The results showed that eIF5A is a trans-regulator of +1 PRF for Ty1 retrotransposon and could function universally in yeast.
    Keywords:  Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Ty1 retrotransposon; eIF5A; programmed ribosomal frameshifting