bims-hypusi Biomed News
on Hypusine and eIF5A
Issue of 2023‒04‒30
one paper selected by
Sebastian J. Hofer
University of Graz

  1. bioRxiv. 2023 Apr 16. pii: 2023.04.13.536765. [Epub ahead of print]
      Extracellular matrix (ECM) protein expression/deposition within and stiffening of the breast cancer microenvironment facilitates disease progression and correlates with poor patient survival. However, the mechanisms by which ECM components control tumorigenic behaviors and responses to therapeutic intervention remain poorly understood. Fibronectin (FN) is a major ECM protein controlling multiple processes. In this regard, we previously reported that DHPS-dependent hypusination of eIF5A1/2 is necessary for fibronectin-mediated breast cancer metastasis and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we explored the clinical significance of an interactome generated using hypusination pathway components and markers of intratumoral heterogeneity. Solute carrier 3A2 (SLC3A2 or CD98hc) stood out as an indicator of poor overall survival among patients with basal-like breast cancers that express elevated levels of DHPS. We subsequently discovered that blockade of DHPS or SLC3A2 reduced triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) spheroid growth. Interestingly, spheroids stimulated with exogenous fibronectin were less sensitive to inhibition of either DHPS or SLC3A2 - an effect that could be abrogated by dual DHPS/SLC3A2 blockade. We further discovered that a subset of TNBC cells responded to fibronectin by increasing cytoplasmic localization of eIF5A1/2. Notably, these fibronectin-induced subcellular localization phenotypes correlated with a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. Fibronectin-treated TNBC cells responded to dual DHPS/SLC3A2 blockade by shifting eIF5A1/2 localization back to a nucleus-dominant state, suppressing proliferation and further arresting cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Finally, we observed that dual DHPS/SLC3A2 inhibition increased the sensitivity of both Rb-negative and -positive TNBC cells to the CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib. Taken together, these data identify a previously unrecognized mechanism through which extracellular fibronectin controls cancer cell tumorigenicity by modulating subcellular eIF5A1/2 localization and provides prognostic/therapeutic utility for targeting the cooperative DHPS/SLC3A2 signaling axis to improve breast cancer treatment responses.