bims-hypusi Biomed News
on Hypusine and eIF5A
Issue of 2023‒02‒12
two papers selected by
Sebastian J. Hofer
University of Graz

  1. Cells. 2023 Jan 25. pii: 409. [Epub ahead of print]12(3):
      Through kidney transplantation, ischemia/reperfusion is known to induce tissular injury due to cell energy shortage, oxidative stress, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress stems from an accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the lumen of ER, resulting in the unfolded protein response (UPR). Adaptive UPR pathways can either restore protein homeostasis or can turn into a stress pathway leading to apoptosis. We have demonstrated that N1-guanyl-1,7-diamineoheptane (GC7), a specific inhibitor of eukaryotic Initiation Factor 5A (eIF5A) hypusination, confers an ischemic protection of kidney cells by tuning their metabolism and decreasing oxidative stress, but its role on ER stress was unknown. To explore this, we used kidney cells pretreated with GC7 and submitted to either warm or cold anoxia. GC7 pretreatment promoted cell survival in an anoxic environment concomitantly to an increase in xbp1 splicing and BiP level while eiF2α phosphorylation and ATF6 nuclear level decreased. These demonstrated a specific modulation of UPR pathways. Interestingly, the pharmacological inhibition of xbp1 splicing reversed the protective effect of GC7 against anoxia. Our results demonstrated that eIF5A hypusination inhibition modulates distinctive UPR pathways, a crucial mechanism for the protection against anoxia/reoxygenation.
    Keywords:  BiP; GC7; XBP1; anoxia; hypusine; kidney; preconditioning
  2. BMC Geriatr. 2023 Feb 07. 23(1): 83
      BACKGROUND: Post-transcriptional regulation plays a critical role in controlling biological processes such as aging. Previous studies have shown that eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (EIF5A) might play a crucial role in aging. It is unknown whether EIF5A2, a second isoform of EIF5A, could impact aging through post-transcriptional regulation.METHODS: In the present study, EIF5A2 overexpression (EIF5A2-OE) was induced in SH-SY5Y cells. RNA-seq, bioinformatics analysis and RT-qPCR validation experiments were then performed to explore the molecular mechanism of EIF5A2-mediated transcriptional regulation. Cell viability, proportion of senescent cells and the cell cycle were respectively determined by Cell Counting Kit-8, SA-β‑galactosidase and flow cytometry to evaluate the cell senescence.
    RESULTS: A total of 190 downregulated and 126 upregulated genes related to EIF5A2-OE were identified. Genes closely related to cellular aging processes such as unfolded protein response (UPR), cell adhesion and calcium signaling pathway were under global transcriptional regulation. Moreover, EIF5A2-OE promoted the viability of SH-SY5Y cells and reduced cell senescence in vitro. Among 30 genes with the most significant expression differences in EIF5A2-OE cells, we identified eight genes, including ASNS, ATF3, ATF4, CEBPB, DDIT3, HERPUD1, HSPA5 and XBP1, enriched in the UPR. Through EIF5A2-tanscription factors (TFs)-targets regulation network in EIF5A2-OE cells, we found three TFs, BHLHE40, RHOXF1 and TBX20, that targeted at these eight UPR-related genes. Verification test via the published database of human glial cell tissue showed only BHLHE40 and RHOXF1 were significantly associated with EIF5A2.
    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that EIF5A2 may alleviate cell senescence in vitro and mediate UPR-related genes via specific TFs. Thus, EIF5A2 could function as a regulator of aging via the regulation of transcription, which greatly expands the current understanding of the mechanisms of EIF5A2-mediated gene regulation.
    Keywords:  Aging; EIF5A2; RNA-seq; Transcription; Unfolded protein response