bims-hypusi Biomed News
on Hypusine and eIF5A
Issue of 2023‒01‒08
one paper selected by
Sebastian J. Hofer
University of Graz

  1. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2023 Jan 03. pii: S1084-9521(22)00364-0. [Epub ahead of print]
      Viruses rely on host cells for energy and synthesis machinery required for genome replication and particle assembly. Due to the dependence of viruses on host cells, viruses have evolved multiple mechanisms by which they can induce metabolic changes in the host cell to suit their specific requirements. The host immune response also involves metabolic changes to be able to react to viral insult. Polyamines are small ubiquitously expressed polycations, and their metabolism is critical for viral replication and an adequate host immune response. This is due to the variety of functions that polyamines have, ranging from condensing DNA to enhancing the translation of polyproline-containing proteins through the hypusination of eIF5A. Here, we review the diverse mechanisms by which viruses exploit polyamines, as well as the mechanisms by which immune cells utilize polyamines for their functions. Furthermore, we highlight potential avenues for further study of the host-virus interface.
    Keywords:  Adaptive immunity; Innate immunity; Polyamines; Viruses