bims-hypusi Biomed News
on Hypusine and eIF5A
Issue of 2022‒11‒13
one paper selected by
Sebastian J. Hofer
University of Graz

  1. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Oct 26. pii: 12972. [Epub ahead of print]23(21):
      Polyamines are essential biogenic poly-cations with important roles in many cellular processes and diseases such as cancer. A rate-limiting step early in the biosynthesis of polyamines is the conversion of ornithine to putrescine by the homodimeric enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). In a conserved mechanism of posttranslational regulation, ODC antizyme (OAZ) binds to ODC monomers promoting their ubiquitin-independent degradation by the proteasome. Decoding of OAZ mRNA is unusual in that it involves polyamine-regulated bypassing of an internal translation termination (STOP) codon by a ribosomal frameshift (RFS) event. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we earlier showed that high polyamine concentrations lead to increased efficiency of OAZ1 mRNA translation by binding to nascent Oaz1 polypeptide. The binding of polyamines prevents stalling of the ribosomes on OAZ1 mRNA caused by nascent Oaz1 polypeptide thereby promoting synthesis of full-length Oaz1. Polyamine depletion, however, also inhibits RFS during the decoding of constructs bearing the OAZ1 shift site lacking sequences encoding the Oaz1 parts implicated in polyamine binding. Polyamine depletion is known to impair hypusine modification of translation factor eIF5A. Using a novel set of conditional mutants impaired in the function of eIF5A/Hyp2 or its hypusination, we show here that hypusinated eIF5A is required for efficient translation across the OAZ1 RFS site. These findings identify eIF5A as a part of Oaz1 regulation, and thereby of polyamine synthesis. Additional experiments with DFMO, however, show that depletion of polyamines inhibits translation across the OAZ1 RFS site not only by reducing Hyp2 hypusination, but in addition, and even earlier, by affecting RFS more directly.
    Keywords:  DFMO; Oaz1; conditional mutants; hypusination; ornithine decarboxylase antizyme; polyamines