bims-climfi Biomed News
on Cerebellar cortical circuitry
Issue of 2023‒08‒27
one paper selected by
Jun Maruta, Mount Sinai Health System

  1. Pharmacology. 2023 Aug 22. 1-9
      INTRODUCTION: Complex spikes (CSs) activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells plays critical roles in motor coordination and motor learning by transferring information to cerebellar cortex, which is an accessible and useful model for neurophysiological investigation. Etomidate is an ultrashort-acting nonbarbiturate intravenous anesthetic, which inhibits the spontaneous activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells through activation of GABAA and glycine receptors in vivo in mice. However, the effect of etomidate on the spontaneous CSs activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells in living mouse is not clear.METHODS: We here investigated the effects of etomidate on spontaneous CSs activity of cerebellar Purkinje cell in urethane-anesthetized mice by electrophysiology recording technique and pharmacological methods.
    RESULTS: Our results showed that cerebellar surface perfusion of etomidate significantly depressed the activity of spontaneous CSs, which exhibited decreases in the number of spikelets and the area under curve (AUC) of the CSs. The etomidate-produced inhibition of CSs activity was persisted in the presence of GABAA and glycine receptors antagonists. However, application of cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptor antagonist, AM-251, completely blocked the etomidate-induced inhibition of CSs. Furthermore, application of the CB1 receptor agonist, WIN55212-2, induced a decrease of CSs. Moreover, in the presence of a specific protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, KT5720, etomidate failed to produce decreases in the spikelets number and the AUC of the spontaneous CSs.
    CONCLUSION: These results indicate that cerebellar surface application of etomidate facilitates CB1 receptor activity resulting in a depression of spontaneous CSs activity of Purkinje cells via PKA signaling pathway in mouse cerebellar cortex. Our present results suggest that the etomidate administration may impair the function of cerebellar cortical neuronal circuitry by inhibition of the climbing fiber - Purkinje cells synaptic transmission through activation of CB1 receptors in vivo in mice.
    Keywords:  Cannabinoid 1 receptor; Cerebellar Purkinje cell; Electrophysiological recording; Etomidate; Protein kinase A; Spontaneous complex spikes