bims-actimu Biomed News
on Actinopathies in inborn errors of immunity
Issue of 2023‒10‒15
one paper selected by
Elodie Busch, University of Strasbourg

  1. bioRxiv. 2023 Sep 27. pii: 2023.09.26.559597. [Epub ahead of print]
      Lymphocytes exit circulation and enter in-tissue guided migration toward sites of tissue pathologies, damage, infection, or inflammation. By continuously sensing and adapting to the guiding chemo-mechano-structural properties of the tissues, lymphocytes dynamically alternate and combine their amoeboid (non-adhesive) and mesenchymal (adhesive) migration modes. However, which mechanisms guide and balance different migration modes are largely unclear. Here we report that suppression of septins GTPase activity induces an abrupt amoeboid-to-mesenchymal transition of T cell migration mode, characterized by a distinct, highly deformable integrin-dependent immune cell contact guidance. Surprisingly, the T cell actomyosin cortex contractility becomes diminished, dispensable and antagonistic to mesenchymal-like migration mode. Instead, mesenchymal-like T cells rely on microtubule stabilization and their non-canonical dynein motor activity for high fidelity contact guidance. Our results establish septin's GTPase activity as an important on/off switch for integrin-dependent migration of T lymphocytes, enabling their dynein-driven fluid-like mesenchymal propulsion along the complex adhesion cues.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Deciphering mechanisms of guided lymphocyte migration paves the way towards effective immunotherapies for the extracellular matrix-rich tissues, such as solid tumors. Here we demonstrate that T cell septins' GTPase activity regulates both actomyosin and microtubules, alternately enhancing either of these two major motor systems. Surprisingly, the suppression of septin GTPase activity also induces a highly guided integrin-dependent mesenchymal-like migration directed by the extracellular matrix proteins. The phenomenon of guided mesenchymal-like migration of T cells relies on the microtubules and microtubule-based dynein motors that are responsible for the force generation, powering guided T cell motility. This finding opens a new perspective for future studies of septin GTPases in a context of the optimisation of T cell-based immunotherapies for the solid tissues.