bims-resufa Biomed News
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2023‒02‒26
one paper selected by
Vera Strogolova
Strong Microbials, Inc

  1. Mitochondrion. 2023 Feb 16. pii: S1567-7249(23)00018-1. [Epub ahead of print]
      Mitochondria play a central role in cellular energy conversion, metabolism, and cell proliferation. The regulation of mitochondrial function by HIGD1A, which is located on the inner membrane of the mitochondria, is essential to maintain cell survival under hypoxic conditions. In recent years, there have been shown other cellular pathways and mechanisms involving HIGD1A diametrically or through its interaction. As a novel regulator, HIGD1A maintains mitochondrial integrity and enhances cell viability under hypoxic conditions, increasing cell resistance to hypoxia. HIGD1A mainly targets cytochrome c oxidase by regulating downstream signaling pathways, which affects the ATP generation system and subsequently alters mitochondrial respiratory function. In addition, HIGD1A plays a dual role in cell survival in distinct degree hypoxia regions of the tumor. Under mild and moderate anoxic areas, HIGD1A acts as a positive regulator to promote cell growth. However, HIGD1A plays a role in inhibiting cell growth but retaining cellular activity under severe anoxic areas. We speculate that HIGD1A engages in tumor recurrence and drug resistance mechanisms. This review will focus on data concerning how HIGD1A regulates cell viability under hypoxic conditions. Therefore, HIGD1A could be a potential therapeutic target for hypoxia-related diseases.
    Keywords:  HIGD1A; apoptosis; cytochrome c oxidase; hypoxia; mitochondria; tumor