bims-resufa Biomed News
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2020‒07‒12
one paper selected by
Vera Strogolova
Strong Microbials, Inc

  1. Sci Adv. 2020 Jun;6(26): eaba7509
    Calvo E, Cogliati S, Hernansanz-Agustín P, Loureiro-López M, Guarás A, Casuso RA, García-Marqués F, Acín-Pérez R, Martí-Mateos Y, Silla-Castro JC, Carro-Alvarellos M, Huertas JR, Vázquez J, Enríquez JA.
      Mitochondrial respiratory complexes assemble into supercomplexes (SC). Q-respirasome (III2 + IV) requires the supercomplex assembly factor (SCAF1) protein. The role of this factor in the N-respirasome (I + III2 + IV) and the physiological role of SCs are controversial. Here, we study C57BL/6J mice harboring nonfunctional SCAF1, the full knockout for SCAF1, or the wild-type version of the protein and found that exercise performance is SCAF1 dependent. By combining quantitative data-independent proteomics, 2D Blue native gel electrophoresis, and functional analysis of enriched respirasome fractions, we show that SCAF1 confers structural attachment between III2 and IV within the N-respirasome, increases NADH-dependent respiration, and reduces reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, the expression of AOX in cells and mice confirms that CI-CIII superassembly segments the CoQ in two pools and modulates CI-NADH oxidative capacity.