bims-resufa Biomed News
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2019‒07‒28
one paper selected by
Vera Strogolova
Strong Microbials, Inc

  1. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2019 Jul 24.
    Mironova GD, Pavlik LL, Kirova YI, Belosludtseva NV, Mosentsov AA, Khmil NV, Germanova EL, Lukyanova LD.
      The mitochondrial structure and the contents of subunits (NDUFV2, SDHA, Cyt b, COX1) of mitochondrial respiratory complexes I-IV as well as of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) in the brain cortex (BC) of rats with high resistance (HR) and low resistance (LR) to hypoxia were studied for the first time depending on the severity of hypoxia. Different regimes of 30-min hypobaric hypoxia (pO2 14, 10, and 8%) were used. It was found that cortical mitochondria responded to 30-min hypobaric hypoxia of different severity with typical and progressing changes in mitochondrial structure and function of mitochondrial enzymes. Under 14 and 10% hypoxia, animals developed compensatory structural and metabolic responses aimed at supporting the cell energy homeostasis. Consequently, these hypoxia regimes can be used for treatment in pressure chambers. At the same time, decreasing the oxygen concentration in the inhaled air to 8% led to the appearance of destructive processes in brain mitochondria. The features of mitochondrial ultrastructure and the function of respiratory enzymes in the BC of HR and LR rats exposed to normoxic and hypoxic conditions suggest that the two types of animals had two essentially distinct functional and metabolic patterns determined by different efficiency of the energy apparatus. The development of adaptive and destructive responses involved different metabolic pathways of the oxidation of energy substrates and different efficiency of the functioning of mitochondrial respiratory carriers.
    Keywords:  Cytochrome b; Hypoxia; Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α; Mitochondrial ultrastructure; Resistance to hypoxia; Respiratory chain complexes