bims-resufa Biomed news
on Respiratory supercomplex factors
Issue of 2019‒03‒17
one paper selected by
Vera Strogolova
Marquette University


  1. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2019 Mar 12. 28(6): 255-268
    Falke D, Fischer M, Biefel B, Ihling C, Hammerschmidt C, Reinefeld K, Haase A, Sinz A, Sawers RG.
      Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), an obligately aerobic, oxidase-positive, and filamentous soil bacterium, lacks a soluble cytochrome c in its respiratory chain, having instead a membrane-associated diheme c-type cytochrome, QcrC. This necessitates complex formation to allow electron transfer between the cytochrome bcc and aa3 oxidase respiratory complexes. Combining genetic complementation studies with in-gel cytochrome oxidase activity staining, we demonstrate that the complete qcrCAB-ctaCDFE gene locus on the chromosome, encoding, respectively, the bcc and aa3 complexes, is required to manifest a cytochrome oxidase enzyme activity in both spores and mycelium of a qcr-cta deletion mutant. Blue-native-PAGE identified a cytochrome aa3 oxidase complex of approximately 270 kDa, which catalyzed oxygen-dependent diaminobenzidine oxidation without the requirement for exogenously supplied cytochrome c, indicating association with QcrC. Furthermore, higher molecular mass complexes were identified upon addition of soluble cytochrome c, suggesting the supercomplex is unstable and readily dissociates into subcomplexes lacking QcrC. Immunological and mass spectrometric analyses of active, high-molecular mass oxidase-containing complexes separated by clear-native PAGE identified key subunits of both the bcc complex and the aa3 oxidase, supporting supercomplex formation. Our data also indicate that the cytochrome b QcrB of the bcc complex is less abundant in spores compared with mycelium.
    Keywords:  Actinobacteria; Cytochrome oxidase; Menaquinol:cytochrome bcc oxidoreductase; Oxygen respiration; Respiratory supercomplex
    DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1159/000496390