bims-plasge Biomed News
on Plastid genes
Issue of 2022‒03‒13
one paper selected by
Vera S. Bogdanova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  1. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Feb 24. pii: 2513. [Epub ahead of print]23(5):
      In flowering plants, RNA editing is a post-transcriptional process that selectively deaminates cytidines (C) to uridines (U) in organellar transcripts. Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins have been identified as site-specific recognition factors for RNA editing. Here, we report the map-based cloning and molecular characterization of the defective kernel mutant dek504 in maize. Loss of Dek504 function leads to delayed embryogenesis and endosperm development, which produce small and collapsed kernels. Dek504 encodes an E+-type PPR protein targeted to the mitochondria, which is required for RNA editing of mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase 3 at the nad3-317 and nad3-44 sites. Biochemical analysis of mitochondrial protein complexes revealed a significant reduction in the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase complex I activity, indicating that the alteration of the amino acid sequence at nad3-44 and nad3-317 through RNA editing is essential for NAD3 function. Moreover, the amino acids are highly conserved in monocots and eudicots, whereas the events of C-to-U editing are not conserved in flowering plants. Thus, our results indicate that Dek504 is essential for RNA editing of nad3, which is critical for NAD3 function, mitochondrial complex I stability, and seed development in maize.
    Keywords:  E+-type; NAD3; PPR; RNA editing; kernel development; maize; mitochondria