bims-plasge Biomed News
on Plastid genes
Issue of 2021‒11‒28
one paper selected by
Vera S. Bogdanova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  1. Genes (Basel). 2021 Oct 23. pii: 1680. [Epub ahead of print]12(11):
      The spontaneously emerging rogue phenotype in peas (Pisum sativum L.), characterized by narrow and pointed leaf stipula and leaflets, was the first identified case of the epigenetic phenomenon paramutation. The crosses of homozygous or heterozygous (e.g., F1) rogue plants with non-rogue (wild type) plants, produce exclusively rogue plants in the first and all subsequent generations. The fact that the wild phenotype disappears forever, is in clear contradiction with the Mendelian rules of inheritance, a situation that impedes the positional cloning of genes involved in this epigenetic phenomenon. One way of overcoming this obstacle is the identification of plant genotypes harboring naturally occurring or artificially induced neutral alleles, non-sensitive to paramutation. So far, such alleles have never been described for the pea rogue paramutation. Here, we report the induction via 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis of a non-rogue revertant mutant in the rogue cv. Progreta, and the completely unusual fixation of the induced non-rogue phenotype through several generations. The reversion of the methylation status of two previously identified differentially methylated genomic sequences in the induced non-rogue mutant, confirms that the rogue paramutation is accompanied by alterations in DNA methylation. Nevertheless, unexpectedly, the induced non-rogue mutant showed to be still sensitive to paramutation.
    Keywords:  1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea; ENU; Pisum; chemical mutagenesis; paramutation; pea; rogue phenotype