bims-plasge Biomed News
on Plastid genes
Issue of 2021‒07‒25
one paper selected by
Vera S. Bogdanova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  1. J Exp Bot. 2021 Jul 19. pii: erab339. [Epub ahead of print]
      Intron splicing is an essential event in post-transcriptional RNA processing in plant mitochondria, which requires the participation of diverse nucleus-encoded splicing factors. However, it is presently unclear how these proteins cooperatively take part in the splicing of specific introns. In this study, we characterized a nucleus-encoded mitochondrial P-type pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein named EMP603. This protein is essential for splicing of intron 2 in the Nad1 gene and interact with the mitochondrion-localized DEAD-box RNA helicase PMH2-5140, the RAD52-like proteins ODB1-0814 and ODB1-5061, and the CRM domain-containing protein Zm-mCSF1. Further study revealed that the N-terminus region of EMP603 interacts with the DEAD-box of PMH2-5140, the CRM domain of Zm-mCSF1, and OBD1-5061, but not with OBD1-0814, whereas the PPR domain of EMP603 can interact with ODB1-0814, ODB1-5061, and PMH2-5140, but not with Zm-mCSF1. Defects in EMP603 severely disrupt the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complex I, leading to impaired mitochondrial function, and delayed seed development. The revealed interactions between EMP603 and PMH2-5140, ODB1-0814, ODB1-5061, and Zm-mCSF1 indicate a possible involvement of a dynamic "spliceosome-like" complex in the intron splicing, and may accelerate the elucidation of the intron splicing mechanism in plant mitochondria.
    Keywords:  Emp603; PPR protein; Zea mays; intron splicing; mitochondrion; seed development