bims-plasge Biomed News
on Plastid genes
Issue of 2019‒10‒06
one paper selected by
Vera S. Bogdanova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  1. Mol Biol Rep. 2019 Oct 04.
      Six faba bean parents and their F1 and F2 generations were used in this investigation to study the genetic system controlling resistance of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to broomrape (Orobanche crenata). Most of the F1 hybrids were tolerant to broomrape. In the F2 generation, the population P5 × P6 (Assiut 125 × Romy 12) gave the highest value of relative yield and tolerance index. Heterosis and inbreeding depression were only positive in number of tillers/plant and seed yield/plant characters. The results indicated that the additive effect was more important than the dominance one (D > H1) only for No. of pods/plant in the F1 generation. Moreover, the narrow-sense heritability was low for most of the studied traits. Three molecular marker systems, namely RAPD, ISSR and SRAP were used for identification and estimation of the genetic diversity among the six faba bean genotypes. The three molecular markers generated DNA unique bands for all genotypes. Only, eight DNA fragments were related to Orobanche tolerance. Clearly and reproducible polymorphic markers were subjected to QTL analysis. The linkage analysis showed that, out of 34 marker loci segregated in the F2 population, 29 (85.29%) were mapped on three linkage groups. QTL analysis using SIM method performed for the 29 markers assigned to LG-1, LG-2 and LG-3 with the eight traits, number of tillers/plant, plant height, number of pods/plant, seed yield/plant, number of broomrape spikes per plant, height of broomrape spikes, relative yield and tolerance index, showing 12 putative QTLs for all traits except number of tillers/plant. From this study, it is clear that P5 × P6 (Assiut 125 × Romy12) population could be considered promising for selection for resistance to broomrape infestation.
    Keywords:  Broomrape; Faba bean; Gene action; Molecular-markers; QTL