bims-plasge Biomed news
on Plastid genes
Issue of 2018‒10‒21
two papers selected by
Vera S. Bogdanova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  1. BMC Plant Biol. 2018 Oct 13. 18(1): 234
    Wu S, Zhu P, Jia B, Yang J, Shen Y, Cai X, Sun X, Zhu Y, Sun M.
      BACKGROUND: Even though bicarbonate alkaline stress is a serious threat to crop growth and yields, it attracts much fewer researches than high salinity stress. The basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors have been well demonstrated to function in diverse abiotic stresses; however, their biological role in alkaline tolerance still remains elusive. In this study, we functionally characterized a bZIP gene from Glycine soja GsbZIP67 in bicarbonate alkaline stress responses.RESULTS: GsbZIP67 was initially identified as a putative bicarbonate responsive gene, on the basis of previous RNA-seq data of 50 mM NaHCO3-treated Glycine soja roots. GsbZIP67 protein possessed a conserved bZIP domain, and belonged to the group S2 bZIP, which is yet less well-studied. Our studies showed that GsbZIP67 targeted to nucleus in Arabidopsis protoplasts, and displayed transcriptional activation activity in yeast cells. The quantitative real-time PCR analyses unraveled the bicarbonate stress responsive expression and tissue specific expression of GsbZIP67 in wild soybean. Further phenotypic analysis illustrated that GsbZIP67 overexpression in alfalfa promoted plant growth under bicarbonate alkaline stress, as evidenced by longer roots and shoots. Furthermore, GsbZIP67 overexpression also modified the physiological indices of transgenic alfalfa under bicarbonate alkaline stress. In addition, the expression levels of several stress responsive genes were also augmented by GsbZIP67 overexpression.
    CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, in this study, we demonstrated that GsbZIP67 acted as a positive regulator of plant tolerance to bicarbonate alkaline stress. These results provide direct genetic evidence of group S2 bZIPs in bicarbonate alkaline stress, and will facilitate further studies concerning the cis-elements and/or downstream genes targeted by GsbZIP67 in stress responses.
    Keywords:  Alfalfa; Bicarbonate alkaline stress; Transcription factor; Wild soybean; bZIP family
  2. Virology. 2018 Oct 11. pii: S0042-6822(18)30300-3. [Epub ahead of print]526 22-31
    Yanagisawa H, Sano T, Hase S, Matsushita Y.
      Viroids can be transmitted vertically and/or horizontally by pollen. Tomato planta macho viroid (TPMVd) has a high rate of horizontal transmission by pollen, whereas potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) does not. To specify the domain(s) involved in horizontal transmission, four viroid chimeras were created by exchanging the terminal left (TL) and/or pathogenicity (P) domains between PSTVd and TPMVd. PSTVd-based chimeras containing TPMVd-TL and P, or TPMVd-TL alone, displayed a high rate of horizontal transmission. TPMVd-based chimeras containing PSTVd-TL and P lost infectivity, and those containing PSTVd-TL alone displayed a low rate of horizontal transmission. In addition, the vertical transmission rate was also higher in the mutants containing TPMVd-TL than in the others. These findings indicate that the sequences or structures in the TL and P (although the role is limited) domains are important not only for horizontal but also for vertical transmission by pollen.
    Keywords:  Horizontal transmission; Pathogenicity domain; Pollen transmission; Potato spindle tuber viroid; Terminal left domain; Tomato planta macho viroid; Vertical transmission