bims-mricoa Biomed News
on MRI contrast agents
Issue of 2022‒06‒12
one paper selected by
Merve Yavuz
Bilkent University

  1. Nano Lett. 2022 Jun 10.
      Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) can be used as imaging agents to differentiate between normal and diseased tissue or track cell movement. Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) detects the magnetic properties of SPIONs, providing quantitative and sensitive image data. MPI performance depends on the size, structure, and composition of nanoparticles. Magnetotactic bacteria produce magnetosomes with properties similar to those of synthetic nanoparticles, and these can be modified by mutating biosynthetic genes. The use of Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense, MSR-1 with a mamJ deletion, containing clustered magnetosomes instead of typical linear chains, resulted in improved MPI signal and resolution. Bioluminescent MSR-1 with the mamJ deletion were administered into tumor-bearing and healthy mice. In vivo bioluminescence imaging revealed the viability of MSR-1, and MPI detected signals in livers and tumors. The development of living contrast agents offers opportunities for imaging and therapy with multimodality imaging guiding development of these agents by tracking the location, viability, and resulting biological effects.
    Keywords:  bioluminescence; iron nanoparticle; magnetic particle imaging; magnetosomes; magnetotactic bacteria