bims-mricoa Biomed News
on MRI contrast agents
Issue of 2022‒06‒05
two papers selected by
Merve Yavuz
Bilkent University

  1. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2022 May 29. pii: S0169-409X(22)00253-8. [Epub ahead of print] 114363
      It was already clinically apparent 150 years ago that bacterial therapy could alleviate diseases. Recently, a burgeoning number of researchers have been using bacterial regimens filled with microbial therapeutic leads to diagnose and treat a wide range of disorders and diseases, including cancers, inflammatory diseases, metabolic disorders and viral infections. Some bacteria that were designed to have low toxicity and high efficiency in drug delivery have been used to treat diseases successfully, especially in tumor therapy in animal models or clinical trials, thanks to the progress of genetic engineering and synthetic bioengineering. Therefore, genetically engineered bacteria can serve as efficient drug delivery vehicles, carrying nucleic acids or genetic circuits that encode and regulate therapeutic payloads. In this review, we summarize the development and applications of this approach. Strategies for genetically modifying strains are described in detail, along with their objectives. We also describe some controlled strategies for drug delivery and release using these modified strains as carriers. Furthermore, we discuss treatment methods for various types of diseases using engineered bacteria. Tumors are discussed as the most representative example, and other diseases are also briefly described. Finally, we discuss the challenges and prospects of drug delivery systems based on these bacteria.
    Keywords:  Bacterial therapeutics; Drug delivery; Genetic engineering; Strategies and goals; Tumor
  2. ACS Biomater Sci Eng. 2022 Jun 02.
      Tumor microenvironment-specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents are conducive to accurate diagnoses by visualization of biochemical and pathological changes for suitable treatment. Herein, we reported a pH-responsive contrast agent DFeZd NP with MRI diagnosis and tumor treatment capabilities. DFeZd NPs can map the pH change by modulating the MR signal in different acid-base environments. Moreover, T1 signals are stronger in the tumor site, which proves efficient in distinguishing malignant tumors from normal tissues, as well as demarcating the tumor boundary. Subsequently, sustained supply of Fe through the Fe-based contrast agent leads to Fe redox cycling and lipid peroxides, inducing ferroptosis in tumor cells. Furthermore, under an acidic tumor microenvironment, in the presence of ascorbic acid, increased Fe2+ is generated, which serves as a stronger inducer of ferroptosis. Moreover, due to the different relaxivity of Fe3+ and Fe2+, redox cycling and ferroptosis in tumors can be monitored by MRI. Therefore, we propose DFeZd NPs as accessible and promising Fe-based dopamine-derived contrast agents for specific MRI imaging and ferroptosis induction for anticancer therapy.
    Keywords:  MR imaging; ferroptosis; pH-responsive; theranostic agent