bims-mimeim Biomed News
on Mitochondria, metabolism and immunity
Issue of 2021‒03‒21
one paper selected by
Matthew C. Sinton
University of Glasgow

  1. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids. 2021 Mar 10. pii: S1388-1981(21)00048-2. [Epub ahead of print] 158922
      Mitochondrial abundance and thermogenic capacity are two imperative components that distinguish brown, beige and white adipose tissues. Most importantly, the lipid composition is vital for maintaining the quantity, quality and function of mitochondria. Therefore, we employed quantitative lipidomics to probe the mitochondrial lipidome of adipose tissues. The mitochondrial lipidome reveals β3-adrenergic stimulation and aging drastically altered the levels of phosphatidylcholine (PC)/phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) ratio and acyl chain desaturation. Precisely, PC36:2 and PE38:4 levels correlate with the increased brown and beige fat activity in young mice. While aging increased lysoPC species in white adipose tissue (WAT) mitochondria, CL-316,243 administration reduced lysoPC species and increased lyso-PE18:1 and 18:2 content during WAT browning. Also, non-thermogenic mitochondria accumulate sphingomyelin (SM), phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidic acid (PA) and ether-linked PC (ePC). Similarly, enrichment of phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and cardiolipin (CL) levels are associated with thermogenic mitochondria. Also, our in vitro experiment supports that blocking the de novo sphingolipid synthesis pathway by myriocin, SPT1 inhibitor increased the thermogenic capacity and oxygen consumption rate in mature adipocytes. Overall, our study suggests mitochondria of brown, beige and white adipose tissues own a unique pattern of lipid molecular species and their levels are altered by aging and CL-316,243 administration.
    Keywords:  Acyl chain desaturation; Adipose Tissue; Aging; Mitochondrial Lipidome; Thermogenesis; β3-adrenergic stimulation