bims-micpro Biomed News
on Discovery and characterization of microproteins
Issue of 2020‒05‒10
one paper selected by
Thomas Martinez
Salk Institute for Biological Studies

  1. EcoSal Plus. 2020 May;9(1):
      Escherichia coli was one of the first species to have its genome sequenced and remains one of the best-characterized model organisms. Thus, it is perhaps surprising that recent studies have shown that a substantial number of genes have been overlooked. Genes encoding more than 140 small proteins, defined as those containing 50 or fewer amino acids, have been identified in E. coli in the past 10 years, and there is substantial evidence indicating that many more remain to be discovered. This review covers the methods that have been successful in identifying small proteins and the short open reading frames that encode them. The small proteins that have been functionally characterized to date in this model organism are also discussed. It is hoped that the review, along with the associated databases of known as well as predicted but undetected small proteins, will aid in and provide a roadmap for the continued identification and characterization of these proteins in E. coli as well as other bacteria.