bims-mesote Biomed News
on Mesothelioma
Issue of 2021‒06‒27
four papers selected by
Laura Mannarino
Humanitas Research

  1. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2021 Jun 23.
      Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an incurable malignancy associated with high symptom burden and poor prognosis. The relationship between asbestos exposure and MPM incidence is well-established. The incidence rate of MPM in Australia and New Zealand is among the highest globally. Matching the experience of other nations with legal restrictions on asbestos, incidence is expected to fall. In contrast, the incidence of MPM is rising in the developing nations of the Asia-Pacific as consumption and mining (albeit to a lesser extent) of asbestos continues. The incidence of MPM in these nations is currently low or unknown, reflecting insufficient latency periods since industrial use of asbestos, deficient resources for accurate diagnosis, and lack of occupational disease or cancer registries. The landscape of treatment for MPM is rapidly changing with combination immunotherapy now demonstrating improved survival in the first-line setting. Considering vast global inequity in access to anticancer treatments, establishing minimum standard of care for MPM in developing nations is of greater significance. Here, we review the evidence that form the basis of our minimum-standard recommendations for diagnosis, systemic treatment, management of recurrent pleural effusions, and symptom management. We also briefly review evidence-based treatment that may be considered for those with access.
    Keywords:  developing nations; diagnosis; malignant pleural mesothelioma; standard of care; treatment
  2. Cytokine. 2021 Jun 19. pii: S1043-4666(21)00208-8. [Epub ahead of print]146 155622
      BACKGROUND: No data on circulating biomarkers for the prognostic stratification of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) patients are available. We prospectively explored the prognostic role of circulating monocyte and cytokine levels and their dynamic change during chemotherapy.PATIENTS AND METHODS: MPM patients receiving a first line treatment based on a platinum compound plus pemetrexed were eligible. Blood samples were collected at the baseline and at the end of induction chemotherapy. CCL-2, IL-10 and TGF-β levels in plasma were quantified by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA); white blood cells, monocytes and platelets were evaluated by blood count test.
    RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were included in the study. Median overall survival (OS) was 12.13 months versus 9.6 months in patients with lower and higher monocytes count, respectively (p value = 0.02). We further stratified patients according to a combined score based on the association of IL-10, TGF-β levels and monocytes count. High combined score was associated with shorter OS and PFS in univariate and multivariate analysis. Chemotherapy induced an increase in monocytes, IL-10, but not TGF-β levels.
    CONCLUSION: The prognostic value of circulating levels of multiple immunosuppressive cytokines and inflammatory cells should be confirmed in a wider validation set of MPM patients.
    Keywords:  IL-10; Inflammation; Mesothelioma; Monocytes; Prognosis; TGF-β
  3. Sci Rep. 2021 Jun 21. 11(1): 12965
      Secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI) is a biomarker present in the respiratory tract that protects against tissue destruction and aids in wound healing. We examined whether SLPI in pleural effusion can be used to distinguish benign asbestos pleural effusion (BAPE) from early-stage malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and other diseases. We measured the levels of SLPI, hyaluronic acid (HA), soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP), CCL2, galectin-3, and CYFRA21-1 in 51 patients with BAPE, 37 patients with early-stage MPM, 77 patients with pleural effusions due to non-small-cell lung cancer (LCa), and 74 patients with other pleural effusions. SLPI levels in the pleural fluid of patients with BAPE were significantly lower than those in patients with MPM, LCa, and other pleural effusions (p < 0.0001). The area under the curve (AUC) for SLPI's ability to distinguish BAPE from MPM was 0.902, with a sensitivity of 82.4% and a specificity of 86.5%. This AUC was not only favourable but was better than the AUC for the ability of CYFRA21-1 to distinguish BAPE (0.853). The combination of SLPI and CYFRA21-1 achieved an AUC of 0.965 for the differentiation between BAPE and MPM. Pleural fluid SLPI as well as CYFRA21-1 and HA is useful as a biomarker to diagnose BAPE, which needs to be distinguished from early-stage MPM.
  4. Virchows Arch. 2021 Jun 24.
      Epithelioid mesothelioma is the most prevalent subtype of diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. A recently described nuclear-grading system predicted survival in patients with epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma. The present study was undertaken to validate this grading system in epithelioid malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (EMPM) and to compare to combined grade, including nuclear atypia, mitotic count, and tumor necrosis. Cases of EMPM, from 1995 to 2018, were analyzed from 7 French institutions from RENAPE network. Solid growth, tumor necrosis, nuclear atypia, and mitotic count were evaluated by at least 3 pathologists from the RENAPATH group. The predictions in terms of OS and PFS of nuclear grade and combined grade were analyzed. Nuclear grade was computed combining nuclear atypia score and mitotic count into a grade of I-III. Another system combining nuclear atypia score, mitotic score, and tumor necrosis was evaluated and defined as a combined grade I-III. A total of 138 cases were identified. The median follow-up was 38.9 months (range: 1.1-196.6). Nuclear and combined grades III were independently associated with a shorter OS (p < 0.05), and a shorter PFS (p < 0.05). Patients with combined grade I tumors had the best overall and progression-free survivals, in comparison to nuclear grade I. In this large multicentric study, combined grade and nuclear grade were the best independent predictors of OS and PFS in EMPM. These systems should be easily described by pathologists involved into the management of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, because of their potential therapeutic implications.
    Keywords:  Biomarker; Histological prognostic factor; Malignant epithelioid peritoneal mesothelioma; Mesothelioma