bims-meluca Biomed news
on Metabolism of non-small cell lung carcinoma
Issue of 2018‒08‒05
one paper selected by
Cristina Muñoz Pinedo
L’Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge

  1. Exp Cell Res. 2018 Jul 25. pii: S0014-4827(18)30578-0. [Epub ahead of print]
    Yan H, Guo W, Li K, Tang M, Zhao X, Lei Y, Nie CL, Yuan Z.
      DESI2 is a novel pro-apoptotic gene. We previously reported that DESI2 overexpression induces S phase arrest and apoptosis by activating checkpoint kinases. This work was to test whether the combination of endostatin, an endogenous antiangiogenic inhibitor, with DESI2 could improve the therapy efficacy in vitro and in vivo. The recombinant plasmid co-expressing DESI2 and endostatin was encapsulated with DOTAP/Cholesterol cationic liposome. Mice bearing CT26 colon carcinoma and LL2 lung cancer were treated with the DNA-liposome complex. We found that, in vitro, the combination of DESI2 and endostatin more efficiently inhibited proliferation of CT26, LL2, HCT116 and A549 cancer cells via apoptosis, as assessed by MTT assay, colony-formation assays, flow cytometric analysis, hoechst staining and activation of caspase-3, respectively. In addition, DESI2 overexpression caused up-regulation of RPS7, a substrate of DESI2 deubiquitination. Furthermore, siRNA targeting RPS7 partially abrogated, whereas RPS7 overexpression enhanced DESI2-induced inhibition of cell proliferation. Importantly, the combination also caused DNA lesions accumulation, which further promotes apoptosis. Mechanistic rationale suggested that endostatin first inhibits DNA-PKcs kinase, and partly abrogated DESI2-induced phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs, leading to increase of DNA damage, then contributes to DESI2-induced apoptosis. In vivo, the combined gene therapy more significantly inhibited tumor growth and efficiently prolonged the survival of tumor bearing mice than mono therapy. The improved antitumor effect was associated with inhibition of cell proliferation via apoptosis, as analyzed by TUNEL assay and PCNA immunostaining. The combination also inhibited angiogenesis, as assessed by alginate-encapsulated tumor cell assay and CD31 staining. Our data suggest that the combined gene therapy of DESI2 and endostatin can significantly enhance the antitumor activity as a DNA lesions accumulator, apoptosis inducer and angiogenesis inhibitor. The present study may provide a novel method for the treatment of cancer.
    Keywords:  DESI2; DNA damage accumulation; Endostatin; anti-angiogenesis; apoptosis