bims-madeba Biomed News
on Mal de débarquement syndrome
Issue of 2022‒04‒17
one paper selected by
Jun Maruta
Mount Sinai Health System

  1. Cerebellum. 2022 Apr 12.
      Clinical data and animal studies confirmed that the cerebellum and the vestibular system are involved in emotions. Nowadays, no real consensus has really emerged to explain the clinical symptoms in humans and behavioral deficits in the animal models. We envisage here that the cerebellum and the vestibular system play complementary roles in emotional reactivity. The cerebellum integrates a large variety of exteroceptive and proprioceptive information necessary to elaborate and to update the internal model: in emotion, as in motor processes, it helps our body and self to adapt to the environment, and to anticipate any changes in such environment in order to produce a time-adapted response. The vestibular system provides relevant environmental stimuli (i.e., gravity, self-position, and movement) and is involved in self-perception. Consequently, cerebellar or vestibular disorders could generate « internal fake news» (due to lack or false sensory information and/or integration) that could, in turn, generate potential internal model deficiencies. In this case, the alterations provoke false anticipation of motor command and external sensory feedback, associated with unsuited behaviors. As a result, the individual becomes progressively unable to cope with the environmental solicitation. We postulate that chronically unsuited, and potentially inefficient, behavioral and visceral responses to environmental solicitations lead to stressful situations. Furthermore, this inability to adapt to the context of the situation generates chronic anxiety which could precede depressive states.
    Keywords:  Anxiety; Cerebellum; Emotion; Internal models; Vestibular system