bims-lorfki Biomed News
on Long non-coding RNA functions in the kidney
Issue of 2021‒04‒18
five papers selected by
Nikita Dewani
Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine

  1. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2021 Jan-Dec;20:20 1533033821997834
      Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a type of urinary tumor with a high incidence and is often associated with tumor metastasis. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) regulates tumorigenesis, progression, and metastasis. However, the role and the predictive value of lncRNA in RCC progression and metastasis have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a newly discovered lncRNA LOC648987 on RCC proliferation and metastasis. LOC648987 was identified by RT-PCR for high expression in human RCC tissues as well as in metastatic RCC tissues. In the cell experiments, we infected the RCC cell lines ACHN and 786-O cells with LOC648987-shRNA and its negative control (shNC). The results showed that the knockdown of LOC648987 inhibited the proliferation of ACHN and 786-O cells and colony formation. The cell cycle and the apoptosis progression of ACHN and 786-O cells were assessed using flow cytometry. The knockdown of LOC648987 significantly inhibited the progression of ACHN and 786-O cells from G0/G1 to S phase and promoted cell apoptosis. The metastasis promoting effects of LOC648987 on ACHN and 786-O cells were verified by transwell migration assays, which depended on vimentin and MMP-9 to regulate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Finally, the promotion of LOC648987 on RCC tumorigenesis was evaluated in BALb/c nude mice. These data confirmed that lncRNA LOC648987 promoted RCC cell proliferation and tumor metastasis and regulated the expression of EMT-related proteins in RCC cells.
    Keywords:  EMT; lncRNA LOC648987; metastasis; proliferation; renal cell carcinoma
  2. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2021 Apr 15. pii: gmab034. [Epub ahead of print]
      Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex syndrome with an abrupt decrease of kidney function, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Sepsis is the common cause of AKI. Mounting evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in the development and progression of sepsis-induced AKI. In this study, we aimed to illustrate the function and mechanism of lncRNA SNHG14 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced AKI. We found that SNHG14 was highly expressed in the plasma of sepsis patients with AKI. SNHG14 inhibited cell proliferation and autophagy and promoted cell apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine production in LPS-stimulated HK-2 cells. Functionally, SNHG14 acted as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to negatively regulate miR-495-3p expression in HK-2 cells. Furthermore, we identified that HIPK1 is a direct target of miR-495-3p in HK-2 cells. We also revealed that the SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 interaction network regulated HK-2 cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, and inflammatory cytokine production upon LPS stimulation. In addition, we demonstrated that the SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 interaction network regulated the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β) via modulating NF-κB/p65 signaling in LPS-challenged HK-2 cells. In conclusion, our findings suggested a novel therapeutic axis of SNHG14/miR-495-3p/HIPK1 to treat sepsis-induced AKI.
    Keywords:  HIPK1; SNHG14; miR-495-3p; sepsis
  3. Int J Med Sci. 2021 ;18(10): 2093-2101
      Aims: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in the pathophysiology of DKD involving actions of microRNAs (miRNAs). The aims of the study were to establish the involvement of selected lncRNAs in the epigenetic mechanisms of podocyte damage and tubular injury in DKD of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in relation to a particular miRNAs profile. Methods: A total of 136 patients with type 2 DM and 25 healthy subjects were assessed in a cross-sectional study concerning urinary albumin: creatinine ratio (UACR), eGFR, biomarkers of podocyte damage (synaptopodin, podocalyxin) and of proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction (Kidney injury molecule-1-KIM-1, N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase-NAG), urinary lncRNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT), taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), urinary miRNA21, 124, 93, 29a. Results: Multivariable regression analysis showed that urinary lncMALAT1 correlated directly with urinary synaptopodin, podocalyxin, KIM-1, NAG, miRNA21, 124, UACR, and negatively with eGFR, miRNA93, 29a (p<0.0001; R2=0.727); urinary lncNEAT1 correlated directly with synaptopodin, KIM-1, NAG, miRNA21, 124, and negatively with eGFR, miRNA93, 29a (p<0.0001; R2=0.702); urinary lncMIAT correlated directly with miRNA93 and 29a, eGFR (p<0.0001; R2=0.671) and negatively with synaptopodin, KIM-1, NAG, UACR, miRNA21, 124 (p<0.0001; R2=0.654); urinary lncTUG1 correlated directly with eGFR, miRNA93, 29a, and negatively with synaptopodin, podocalyxin, NAG, miRNA21, 124 (p<0.0001; R2=0.748). Conclusions: In patients with type 2 DM lncRNAs exert either deleterious or protective functions within glomeruli and PT. LncRNAs may contribute to DKD through modulating miRNAs expression and activities. This observation holds true independently of albuminuria and DKD stage.
    Keywords:  diabetes mellitus; lncRNA; miRNA; podocyte; proximal tubule
  4. J Cancer. 2021 ;12(9): 2702-2714
      Accumulating evidence suggests that lncRNAs (long non-coding RNAs) function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in ccRCC (clear cell renal cell carcinoma). Although VHL (Von Hippel-Lindau) gene inactivation is by far the most common carcinogenic driving event in ccRCC, the roles of VHL-related lncRNAs in ccRCC remain unknown. In this study, using RNA-seq and clinical data in TCGA-KIRC (the Cancer Genome Atlas-Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma), we identified VHL-related lncRNAs through WGCNA (Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis), correlation analysis and catRAPID algorithm, and explored their clinical characteristics in ccRCC. Results showed that 10 lncRNAs (AC112220.2, AL391121.1, USP46-AS1, AL450326.1, MID1IP1-AS1, SUCLG2-AS1, RAP2C-AS1, FGD5-AS1, AC018647.2 and AC015922.2) were identified as VHL-related lncRNAs, and they were down-regulated in ccRCC tissues. Survival analysis results indicated that high expression groups of AC112220.2, AL391121.1, USP46-AS1, AL450326.1, SUCLG2-AS1, RAP2C-AS1, FGD5-AS1, AC018647.2 and AC015922.2 had significantly longer OS (Overall Survival) than their respective low expression groups. Meanwhile high AC112220.2, USP46-AS1, AL450326.1, SUCLG2-AS1, FGD5-AS1, AC018647.2 and AC015922.2 expression groups had remarkably longer DFS (Disease Free Survival) than their respective low expression groups. Besides, FGD5-AS1 and AL391121.1 expression were decreased in VHL mutant tissues compared with VHL non-mutant tissues. Moreover, high expression group of FGD5-AS1 had significantly longer OS and DFS than their respective low expression groups in VHL mutant ccRCC. In addition, we found that DNA hypermethylation may also play an important role in decreased FGD5-AS1 expression. Furthermore, we validated the expression of FGD5-AS1 in VHL mutant and non-mutant ccRCC tissues and cell lines. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that lncRNA FGD5-AS1 was significantly associated with VHL and can serve as a novel biomarker of ccRCC.
    Keywords:  FGD5-AS1; VHL; ccRCC; lncRNAs; survival
  5. Nephron. 2021 Apr 14. 1-11
      Recent advances in large-scale RNA sequencing and genome-wide profiling projects have unraveled a heterogeneous group of RNAs, collectively known as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which play central roles in many diverse biological processes. Importantly, an association between aberrant expression of lncRNAs and diverse human pathologies has been reported, including in a variety of kidney diseases. These observations have raised the possibility that lncRNAs may represent unexploited potential therapeutic targets for kidney diseases. Several important questions regarding the functionality of lncRNAs and their impact in kidney diseases, however, remain to be carefully addressed. Here, we provide an overview of the main functions and mechanisms of actions of lncRNAs, and their promise as therapeutic targets in kidney diseases, emphasizing on the role of some of the best-characterized lncRNAs implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic nephropathy.
    Keywords:  Diabetic nephropathy; Kidneys; Long noncoding RNA; Noncoding RNA; RNA