bims-lorfki Biomed News
on Long non-coding RNA functions in the kidney
Issue of 2021‒03‒14
two papers selected by
Nikita Dewani
Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine

  1. Front Oncol. 2020 ;10 617105
      Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) comprises approximately 75% of renal cell carcinomas, which is one of the most common and lethal urologic cancers, with poor quality of life for patients and is a huge economic burden to health care systems. It is imperative we find novel prognostic and therapeutic targets for ccRCC clinical intervention. In this study, we found that the expression of the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) ASB16-AS1 was downregulated in ccRCC tissues compared with non-diseased tissues and was also associated with advanced tumor stage and larger tumors. By constructing cell and mouse models, it was found that downregulated lncRNA ASB16-AS1 enhanced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and promoted tumor growth and metastasis. Furthermore, by performing bioinformatics analysis, biotinylated RNA pull-downs, AGO2-RIP, and luciferase reporter assays, our findings showed that downregulated ASB16-AS1 decreased La-related protein 1 (LARP1) expression by inhibiting miR-185-5p and miR-214-3p. Furthermore, it was found that overexpression of LARP1 reversed the promotive effects of downregulated ASB16-AS1 on ccRCC cellular progression. Our results revealed that downregulated ASB16-AS1 promotes ccRCC progression via a miR-185-5p-miR-214-3p-LARP1 pathway. We suggest that this pathway could be used to monitor prognosis and presents therapeutic targets for ccRCC clinical management.
    Keywords:  LARP1; clear cell renal cell carcinoma; lncRNA ASB16-AS1; long non-coding RNA; miR-185-5p; miR-214-3p
  2. J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Mar 10. 40(1): 92
      BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence confirms that lncRNAs (long non-coding RNAs) are potential biomarkers that play vital roles in tumors. ZNF582-AS1 is a novel lncRNA that serves as a potential prognostic marker of cancers. However, the specific clinical significance and molecular mechanism of ZNF582-AS1 in ccRCC (clear cell renal cell carcinoma) are unclear.METHODS: Expression level and clinical significance of ZNF582-AS1 were determined by TCGA-KIRC data and qRT-PCR results of 62 ccRCCs. DNA methylation status of ZNF582-AS1 promoter was examined by MSP, MassARRAY methylation and demethylation analysis. Gain-of-function experiments were conducted to investigate the biological roles of ZNF582-AS1 in the phenotype of ccRCC. The subcellular localization of ZNF582-AS1 was detected by RNA FISH. iTRAQ, RNA pull-down and RIP-qRT-PCR were used to identify the downstream targets of ZNF582-AS1. rRNA MeRIP-seq and MeRIP-qRT-PCR were utilized to examine the N(6)-methyladenosine modification status. Western blot and immunohistochemistry assays were used to determine the protein expression level.
    RESULTS: ZNF582-AS1 was downregulated in ccRCC, and decreased ZNF582-AS1 expression was significantly correlated with advanced tumor stage, higher pathological stage, distant metastasis and poor prognosis. Decreased ZNF582-AS1 expression was caused by DNA methylation at the CpG islands within its promoter. ZNF582-AS1 overexpression inhibited cell proliferative, migratory and invasive ability, and increased cell apoptotic rate in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we found that ZNF582-AS1 overexpression suppressed the N(6)-methyladenosine modification of MT-RNR1 by reducing rRNA adenine N(6)-methyltransferase A8K0B9 protein level, resulting in the decrease of MT-RNR1 expression, followed by the inhibition of MT-CO2 protein expression. Furthermore, MT-RNR1 overexpression reversed the decreased MT-CO2 expression and phenotype inhibition of ccRCC induced by increased ZNF582-AS1 expression.
    CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates for the first time that ZNF582-AS1 functions as a tumor suppressor gene in ccRCC and ZNF582-AS1 may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target of ccRCC.
    Keywords:  DNA methylation; MT-RNR1; N(6)-methyladenosine modification; ZNF582-AS1; ccRCC