bims-lorfki Biomed News
on Long non-coding RNA functions in the kidney
Issue of 2021‒01‒24
seven papers selected by
Nikita Dewani
Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine

  1. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2021 Jan 21. pii: ASN.2020060775. [Epub ahead of print]
      BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of AKI. Noncoding RNAs are intricately involved in the pathophysiology of this form of AKI. Transcription of hypoxia-induced, long noncoding RNA H19, which shows high embryonic expression and is silenced in adults, is upregulated in renal I/R injury.METHODS: Lentivirus-mediated overexpression, as well as antisense oligonucleotide-based silencing, modulated H19 in vitro. In vivo analyses used constitutive H19 knockout mice. In addition, renal vein injection of adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) carrying H19 caused overexpression in the kidney. Expression of H19 in kidney transplant patients with I/R injury was investigated.
    RESULTS: H19 is upregulated in kidney biopsies of patients with AKI, in murine ischemic kidney tissue, and in cultured and ex vivo sorted hypoxic endothelial cells (ECs) and tubular epithelial cells (TECs). Transcription factors hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α, LHX8, and SPI1 activate H19 in ECs and TECs. H19 overexpression promotes angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. In vivo, transient AAV2-mediated H19 overexpression significantly improved kidney function, reduced apoptosis, and reduced inflammation, as well as preserving capillary density and tubular epithelial integrity. Sponging of miR-30a-5p mediated the effects, which, in turn, led to target regulation of Dll4, ATG5, and Snai1.
    CONCLUSIONS: H19 overexpression confers protection against renal injury by stimulating proangiogenic signaling. H19 overexpression may be a promising future therapeutic option in the treatment of patients with ischemic AKI.
    Keywords:  H19; ischemic acute kidney injury; lncRNA
  2. Onco Targets Ther. 2021 ;14 393-402
      Background: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been recognized as the new regulator and biomarker for cancers. However, in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the functions of lncRNAs are not well characterized. This research aimed to probe the function of lncRNA PCED1B-AS1 in the progression of ccRCC.Materials and Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to detect the expression levels of PCED1B-AS1, microRNA-484 (miR-484), and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) in 40 pairs of human ccRCC tissues and corresponding adjacent kidney tissue samples. Chi-square test was employed to evaluate the association between PCED1B-AS1 expression level and clinicopathological characteristics. The effects of PCED1B-AS1, miR-484 and ZEB1 on the cell proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of ccRCC cells were studied by CCK-8 assay, EdU cell proliferation assay, wound healing test and Western blotting. The regulatory relationships among PCED1B-AS1, miR-484, ZEB1 were examined by luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay.
    Results: PCED1B-AS1 was remarkably up-regulated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines. High expression of PCED1B-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis of the patients. Loss-of-function experiments showed that PCED1B-AS1 could regulate the proliferation, migration and EMT of ccRCC cells. PCED1B-AS1 sponged miR-484 to suppress its expression, and miR-484 targeted the 3'-UTR of ZEB1 to repress the expression of ZEB1. MiR-484 counteracted the functions of PCED1B-AS1 in promoting the proliferation, migration and EMT of ccRCC cells, and PCED1B-AS1 promotes the expression of ZEB1 via repressing miR-484.
    Conclusion: PCED1B-AS1/miR-484/ZEB1 axis is involved in regulating the progression of ccRCC.
    Keywords:  PCED1B-AS1; ZEB1; ccRCC; miR-484
  3. Cancer Cell Int. 2021 Jan 22. 21(1): 68
      BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) could interact with each other to play a vital role in the pathogenesis of cancers. We aimed to examine the expression profile, clinical significance and regulatory relationship of miR-130a-3p and its predicted interactive lncRNA in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict lncRNAs binding with miR-130a-3p. qRT-PCR was employed to detect the expression levels of miR-130a-3p and the miRNA-targeted lncRNA, and their clinical values in ccRCC were clarified. The lncRNA sponge potential of miR-130a-3p was assessed through dual-luciferase reporter assay and the biological effects of them were observed.
    RESULTS: Colon cancer associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) directly interacted with miR-130a-3p and negatively regulated miR-130a-3p expression. CCAT1 was upregulated and miR-130a-3p was downregulated in ccRCC cell line and tissues (all P < 0.05). High CCAT1 and low miR-130a-3p expression was correlated with larger tumor size and advanced TNM stage in ccRCC patients. High CCAT1 level suggested a poor survival prognosis. There was a negative association between CCAT1 and miR-130a-3p expression (r = - 0.373, P = 0.010). MiR-130a-3p mimic and si-CCAT1 inhibited ccRCC cell proliferation and invasion, and induced apoptosis.
    CONCLUSIONS: CCAT1/miR-130a-3p axis may have potential to serve as a novel diagnostic and prognostic target of ccRCC patients.
    Keywords:  Biological effect; CCAT1; Expression; ccRCC; miR-130a-3p
  4. J Cell Mol Med. 2020 Sep;24(17): 10013-10026
      Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) take various biological effects in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) mostly through sponging with microRNAs (miRNAs). lncRNA MIR4435-2HG is found to promote tumour progression in gastric cancer, glioblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the role of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG in ccRCC progression remains unknown. The purpose of this research was to investigate the potential molecular mechanism of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG regarding the regulation of ccRCC initiation and progression. In this study, we found the up-regulation of MIR4435-2HG in ccRCC tissues and cell lines. Functionally, overexpression of MIR4435-2HG promoted the proliferation as well as the metastasis in ccRCC cell lines, whereas knockdown of MIR4435-2HG inhibited the above changes. Then, bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assays confirmed the negative regulation effect of MIR4435-2HG on miR-513a-5p. And further investigations showed that KLF6, which collected from the intersection of databases, was the potential conjugated mRNAs of miR-513a-5p. Finally, the rescue experiments revealed the relation among MIR4435-2HG and KLF6, which showed that KLF6 could reverse the promoting effect of MIR4435-2HG on ccRCC in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, our findings provided insight into the mechanisms of MIR4435-2HG in ccRCC and revealed an alternative target for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.
    Keywords:  KLF6; MIR4435‐2HG; ccRCC; invasion; long non‐coding RNA; proliferation
  5. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2021 Jan 22.
      Sepsis is a life-threatening disease, which can cause the dysfunction of multiple organs, including kidney. Recently, a number of studies found that the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is closely associated with the development and progression of sepsis; however, the role of long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 261 (LINC00261) in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury is poorly understood. In this study, we found the expression of LINC00261 was significantly decreased in the serum of patients with sepsis than healthy controls. A similar result was also observed in the mouse model of sepsis induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Further investigations revealed that overexpression of LINC00261 improved the viability, suppressed the apoptosis and reduced the generation of inflammatory cytokines in LPS-treated HK-2 cells. Mechanistically, we confirmed that LINC00261 could function as a sponge to combine with microRNA-654-5p (miR-654-5p) which inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity by targeting suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that LINC00261 may regulate the progression of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury via the miR-654-5p/SOCS3/NF-κB pathway and therefore provides a new insight into the treatment of this disease.
    Keywords:  Acute kidney injury; LINC00261; NF-κB; Sepsis; miR-654-5p
  6. J Biochem. 2021 Jan 21. pii: mvab008. [Epub ahead of print]
      Sepsis is an acute systemic infectious disease engendered by infectious factors, which can cause the dysfunction of multiple organs, including acute kidney injury (AKI). Recently, more and more researchers are focusing on long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that is closely associated with the development and progression of various diseases; however, the role and mechanism of lncRNA in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury is not fully understood. Here, we found a significant increase in the expression of lncRNA small nuclear RNA host gene 5 (SNHG5) in the serum of patients with sepsis than healthy controls. Similar results were obtained from mouse model of sepsis. Further investigations revealed that knockdown of SNHG5 improves the viability and reduces the rate of apoptosis and the generation of inflammatory cytokines in HK-2 and TCMK-1 cells treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mechanistically, we showed that SNHG5 can combine with microRNA-374a-3p (miR-374a-3p) which inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity by targeting TLR4. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that SNHG5 may regulate sepsis-induced AKI via the miR-374a-3p/TLR4/NF-κB pathway, therefore providing a new insight into the treatment of this disease.
    Keywords:  NF-κB pathway; SNHG5; acute kidney injury; miR-374a-3p; sepsis
  7. J Cell Biol. 2021 Feb 01. pii: e202009045. [Epub ahead of print]220(2):
      Subcellular localization of RNAs has gained attention in recent years as a prevalent phenomenon that influences numerous cellular processes. This is also evident for the large and relatively novel class of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Because lncRNAs are defined as RNA transcripts >200 nucleotides that do not encode protein, they are themselves the functional units, making their subcellular localization critical to their function. The discovery of tens of thousands of lncRNAs and the cumulative evidence involving them in almost every cellular activity render assessment of their subcellular localization essential to fully understanding their biology. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of lncRNA subcellular localization, factors controlling their localization, emerging themes, including the role of lncRNA isoforms and the involvement of lncRNAs in phase separation bodies, and the implications of lncRNA localization on their function and on cellular behavior. We also discuss gaps in the current knowledge as well as opportunities that these provide for novel avenues of investigation.