bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2023‒03‒26
33 papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Nature. 2023 Mar;615(7953): 586
    Keywords:  Communication; Research data
  2. Curr Protoc. 2023 Mar;3(3): e694
      In the field of life sciences there is a growing need for literature analysis tools that help scientists tackle information overload. Europe PubMed Central (Europe PMC), a partner of PubMed Central (PMC; National Library of Medicine, 2022), is an open access database of over 41 million life science publications and preprints, enriched with supporting data, reviews, protocols, and other relevant resources. Europe PMC is a trusted repository of choice for many life science funders (Europe PMC, 2022a), offering a suite of innovative search tools that allow users to search and evaluate the literature, including finding highly cited articles, preprints with community peer reviews, or papers referencing a proteomics dataset in the figure legend. In addition, Europe PMC utilizes text-mining to help researchers identify key terms and find data and evidence in the literature. First-time users often do not utilize the wealth of tools Europe PMC offers and can feel overwhelmed about how to perform the most effective search. This protocol, describing how to search and evaluate publications and preprints using Europe PMC, demonstrates how to carry out more efficient and effective literature searches using the tools provided by Europe PMC. This includes discovering the latest findings on a research topic, following research from a specific author, journal, or preprint server, exploring literature on a new method, expanding your reading list with relevant articles, as well as accessing and evaluating publications and preprints of interest. © 2023 EMBL-EBI. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Finding articles and preprints on a topic of interest Basic Protocol 2: Accessing an article Basic Protocol 3: Browsing the article Basic Protocol 4: Evaluating the article Basic Protocol 5: Refining search results Basic Protocol 6: Finding research by author Basic Protocol 7: Finding a specific article Basic Protocol 8: Finding information about a methodology Basic Protocol 9: Finding evidence of biological interactions, relations, and modifications Basic Protocol 10: Finding data behind a publication Basic Protocol 11: Expanding a reading list and building a bibliography Basic Protocol 12: Staying on top of the current literature.
    Keywords:  Europe PMC; PubMed; evaluating publications; information retrieval; literature search; preprint
  3. J Occup Rehabil. 2023 Mar 21.
      PURPOSE: This study aims to report on the effectiveness of various search strategies and keywords to find studies on work-related psychosocial risk factors (PRF) in the PubMed bibliographic database.METHODS: We first selected by hand-searching 191articles published on PRF and indexed in PubMed. We extracted 30 relevant MeSH terms and 38 additional textwords. We then searched PubMed combining these 68 keywords and 27 general keywords on work-related factors. Among the 2953 articles published in January 2020, we identified 446 articles concerning exposure to PRF, which were gathered in a Gold Standard database. We then computed the Recall, Precision, and Number Needed to Read of each keyword or combination of keywords.
    RESULTS: Overall, 189 search-words alone or in combination were tested. The highest Recall with a single MeSH term or textword was 43% and 35%, respectively. Subsequently, we developed two different search strings, one optimizing Recall while keeping Precision acceptable (Recall 98.2%, Precision 5.9%, NNR 16.9) and one optimizing Precision while keeping Recall acceptable (Recall 73.1%, Precision 25.5%, NNR 9.7).
    CONCLUSIONS: No single MeSH term is available to identify relevant studies on PRF in PubMed. Locating these types of studies requires the use of various MeSH and non-MeSH terms in combination to obtain a satisfactory Recall. Nevertheless, enhancing the Recall of search strategies may lead to lower Precision, and higher NNR, although with a non-linear trend. This factor must be taken into consideration when searching PubMed.
    Keywords:  Bibliometrics; MEDLINE; Psychosocial risk factors
  4. Health Info Libr J. 2023 Mar 22.
      From the point of view of the development of libraries, technology has made possible the emergence and development of library automation; digital libraries; mobile libraries; and smart libraries. This article briefly describes the impact of technological developments and application in Health Science Libraries in China in relation to collections development, service provision and the role of library associations.
    Keywords:  collection development; digital information resources; health science; information and communication technologies (ICTs); libraries; professional associations
  5. Journal of academic librarianship. 2023 May;49(3): 102698
      As the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and remote course delivery recede in the rear-view mirror, academic librarians look to what the future holds for streaming video. During 2020 and 2021, library-funded streaming video requests soared while library budgets declined. Librarians are concerned that this trend will continue beyond budgetary limits. This paper describes an analysis of streaming video usage from 2019 through 2022 at California State University, Fresno. The results provide evidence that the elevated growth rate is tapering off at this institution, but the medium remains popular. The impact of streaming media on library budgets and collection development policies is also discussed. Our evaluation is distinguished by the inclusion of data from before, during, and after the pandemic lockdown.
    Keywords:  Academic libraries; COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019); Case studies; Collection management; Pandemic; Streaming video; Usage statistics
  6. J Librariansh Inf Sci. 2023 Mar;55(1): 123-136
      Growing dementia-friendly library services are contributing to community-based dementia care. Emerging community programs in libraries and museums provide notable opportunities for promoting engagement and inclusivity, but these programs have yet to receive in-depth assessments and analyses to guide future research and practice. This paper presents a case study examining a social and storytelling program for people with dementia run by a Canadian public library. It investigates two research questions: How can public library programs contribute to community-based dementia care? And what are public libraries' strengths and challenges in running programs for people with dementia? The study involves participant observations of the program and semi-structured interviews with people with dementia, caregivers, and program facilitators (librarians and Alzheimer Society coordinators). Through thematic analysis of fieldnotes and transcripts, the study reveals how this inclusive platform supports engagement, fosters relationships, helps caregivers, and reaches broader communities. This research further uncovers the librarians' diversified roles as demonstrated through their collaboration with professionals, preparation and research, and facilitation of the sessions. This paper advances librarianship research on enriching community-based dementia care, including furthering inclusivity and engagement and extending accessible library services. By analyzing library programming for the dementia community and assessing its strengths and challenges, the paper highlights librarians' awareness of the community's evolving needs and their collaboration with other professionals. It offers practical insights on useful resources and emerging best practices that will hopefully inspire other initiatives in which information professionals can help improve the well-being of vulnerable populations.
    Keywords:  Community-based research; community information services; dementia care; librarianship research and practice; public libraries
  7. Journal of academic librarianship. 2023 May;49(3): 102700
      The article presents usability tests of Primo VE carried out as part of the implementation of the Alma library services platform at the Nicolaus Copernicus University Library. Remote usability tests were carried out during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the tests was to assess the ease of use of selected system functionalities and the ease of learning how to use them by users. The method of remote usability testing using the Office365 application package, including MS Teams, was used. The tests allowed for the preparation of a report that took into account the identified problems and became the basis for introducing modifications to the configuration of the system's functionality and some elements of its interface, as well as for the preparation of instructional materials. The results indicate a fairly high level of intuitiveness of the interface and the analyzed functionalities. Test participants had no major problems with using Primo, apart from handling facets and full record services.
    Keywords:  Academic Library; COVID-19; Nicolaus Copernicus University Library; Primo VE; Remote usability testing
  8. Journal of academic librarianship. 2023 May;49(3): 102695
      The study investigates the impact of post-COVID-19 pandemic on library users' education course, specifically on examinations and survey practices upon the resumption of on-campus instruction. A descriptive survey research design was employed with 384 students from [university name] responding to the survey. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data collected. The study found that library users' education was significantly impacted post-pandemic in terms of examinations, questionnaire administration, lectures, and orientation exercises. The majority of students preferred computer-based tests (CBT) for exams and online methods for questionnaire administration, but the study also identified challenges such as rigid examination schedules, internet connectivity issues, and a limited number of computers available. The study, therefore, recommends that universities invest in technology infrastructure to improve internet connectivity, increase the number of computers available for students, and offer more flexible examination schedules to accommodate students who face internet connectivity issues. These measures would help ensure a smoother transition to online learning for library users in the case of a future pandemic and beyond.
    Keywords:  COVID-19; E-exams; Examination; Library users' education; Post-pandemic; Questionnaire administration; Survey
  9. Journal of academic librarianship. 2023 May;49(3): 102696
      Since early 2020, life for students has changed tremendously. It has been a time of stress, turmoil, and trauma for students. Researchers from a large Midwestern university wanted to determine how student information use has changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper examines the results of a mixed-methods study undertaken in 2021 using surveys and follow-up focus groups to determine if and how student information use has changed. To answer this, we explored student use of news sources, social media sources, political affiliations, and information responses, coupled with to what extent these factors demonstrate or impact potential changes in information use. We also addressed changes in the frequency of use, as well as the types of resources consulted, pertaining to information use of traditional and social media sources.
    Keywords:  Information literacy; News; Pandemic; Social media
  10. Int J Older People Nurs. 2023 Mar 21. e12533
      Systematic reviews aim to provide reliable answers to research questions by identifying and synthesising the available evidence using rigorous methods. This makes systematic reviews a cornerstone of evidence-based practice in healthcare settings. However, despite the avowed aim and importance of systematic reviews, studies have shown that they often include serious flaws, including in the search for studies. In this article, some commonly seen errors in systematic review search strategies are described with the intention of alerting nurse researchers who are planning a systematic review to what should be avoided. These include errors relating to bibliographic databases and supplementary searches, including database selection, free-text searching, controlled vocabulary and structural errors. The paper is framed within the context of older people nursing but has relevance to nurse researchers more widely.
    Keywords:  nursing studies; systematic reviews
  11. Campbell Syst Rev. 2021 Dec;17(4): e1208
      This is the protocol for a Campbell review. The aim of this study is to comprehensively assess the quality and nature of the search methods and reporting across Campbell systematic reviews. The search methods used in systematic reviews provide the foundation for establishing the body of literature from which conclusions are drawn and recommendations made. Searches should be comprehensive and reporting of search methods should be transparent and reproducible. Campbell Collaboration systematic reviews strive to adhere to the best methodological guidance available for this type of searching. The current work aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of the quality of the search methods and reporting in Campbell Collaboration systematic reviews. Our specific objectives include the following: To examine how searches are currently conducted in Campbell systematic reviews. To identify any machine learning or automation methods used, or emerging and less commonly used approaches to web searching. To examine how search strategies, search methods and search reporting adhere to the Methodological Expectations of Campbell Collaboration Intervention Reviews (MECCIR) and PRISMA guidelines. The findings will be used to identify opportunities for advancing current practices in Campbell reviews through updated guidance, peer review processes and author training and support.
  12. Sci Data. 2023 03 22. 10(1): 158
      This paper introduces a new challenge and datasets to foster research toward designing systems that can understand medical videos and provide visual answers to natural language questions. We believe medical videos may provide the best possible answers to many first aid, medical emergency, and medical education questions. Toward this, we created the MedVidCL and MedVidQA datasets and introduce the tasks of Medical Video Classification (MVC) and Medical Visual Answer Localization (MVAL), two tasks that focus on cross-modal (medical language and medical video) understanding. The proposed tasks and datasets have the potential to support the development of sophisticated downstream applications that can benefit the public and medical practitioners. Our datasets consist of 6,117 fine-grained annotated videos for the MVC task and 3,010 questions and answers timestamps from 899 videos for the MVAL task. These datasets have been verified and corrected by medical informatics experts. We have also benchmarked each task with the created MedVidCL and MedVidQA datasets and propose the multimodal learning methods that set competitive baselines for future research.
  13. Brain Inj. 2023 Mar 22. 1-8
      INTRODUCTION: Teachers and school staff (i.e., principals, coaches, trainers, educational assistants, guidance counselors, school healthcare professionals, etc.) are well positioned to support students' return-to-school post-concussion. Teachers and school staff may access concussion resources online as they are readily available; however, their quality and accuracy are unknown.OBJECTIVE: To identify accurate online concussion resources suitable for Canadian teachers and school staff.
    METHODS: A five-phased systematic search strategy was conducted: 1) initial identification of resources; 2) consultation of pediatric concussion experts; 3) inclusion and exclusion criteria; 4) content review; and, 5) material evaluation.
    RESULTS: A total of 837 resources were identified initially and 40 resources were included in the final list. Across all resources, 310 (37%) resources were excluded as they were not designed primarily for teachers and school staff. Thirty-four (43%) of 80 resources reviewed for content accuracy were excluded. Among resources reviewed for readability, usability and suitability, six (13%) were excluded.
    CONCLUSIONS: The 40 resources identified in this study can enable teachers and school staff to educate themselves about concussion and how to optimally support a student's return-to-school post-concussion.
    Keywords:  Concussion; internet; online; resource; school; school staff; teacher
  14. Adv Physiol Educ. 2023 Mar 23.
      Pharmacy students tend to use Wikipedia as a quick resource of knowledge. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of content and readability level of Wikipedia articles on chemotherapeutics, using quality and readability tools. Using the British National Formulary (BNF-2018) and we identified 188 chemotherapeutic drugs. We randomly selected 100 drugs out of 188. The English Wikipedia was searched for the selected 100 drugs and prints of the identified articles were obtained. The readability was calculated using an online instrument. Articles were independently scored by two researchers using the modified DISCERN tool for content assessment. The modified DISCERN scores had a median value of 24 (IQR=7.5). Two articles had good quality (DISCERN score 36-40), thirty-eight were moderate (DISCERN 26-35), and sixty were poor in score (DISCERN 25 or less). The articles covered drug indications and most of side-effects. However, the majority lacked information on the routes of administration, contraindications, pharmacokinetics, and mechanisms of action. We found a correlation between DISCERN scores and number of edits (P value = 0.00033, R² = 0.1238). The number of references varied from 2 to 150 (median= 17, IQR=17). Several problems were identified in the list of references and citations. Most articles lacked tables and figures. The readability of the articles was 14.35 ± 3.13, consistent with a readability level of university students. In conclusion, the Wikipedia articles on chemotherapeutics were not written for professional pharmacy students. While they matched the expected readability level of university students, most were incomplete and lacked essential information.
    Keywords:  Pharmacy students; Wikipedia Chemotherapeutics
  15. Pediatr Surg Int. 2023 Mar 22. 39(1): 156
      PURPOSE: Globally, pediatric surgical association websites present patient/family education materials on an extensive list of conditions, including descriptions of the condition, signs and symptoms, diagnostic modalities, and treatment options. The purpose of this project was to assess the readability of pediatric surgical association websites' patient/family education materials.METHODS: With IRB approval, we accessed all patient/family education materials on pediatric surgical association websites from around the globe and used multiple grade-level assessments and readability assessments to determine the reading level at which the information is presented.
    RESULTS: The American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) website and the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons (BAPS) present publicly accessible patient/family education materials. Seventy-four (74) conditions on APSA's website were analyzed. Three grade-level assessments and the Flesch Reading Ease assessment indicated that the articles are written at high school reading levels. No articles were available in languages other than English. BAPS presented 6 conditions, most of which were more readable than their APSA counterparts.
    CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis indicates that the patient/family education materials available on pediatric surgical association websites may not be written at a level that is comprehensible by the general population. Potential solutions include re-writing the materials with an emphasis on readability and presenting materials in languages other than English.
    Keywords:  Health literacy; Pediatric surgery; Readability
  16. Patient Educ Couns. 2023 Mar 12. pii: S0738-3991(23)00062-9. [Epub ahead of print]111 107682
      OBJECTIVE: Relatively little research has examined the health literacy demand of public communication (e.g. websites, pamphlets, and posters) about mental disorders. This study describes characteristics of existing research and summarizes what is known about the readability of such information.METHODS: A search of eight data bases yielded 33 studies that met inclusion criteria. Studies were screened for relevance at each stage and then coded for key characteristics and appraised for quality by both authors working independently.
    RESULTS: Grade-level readability scores as measured by the Flesch-Kincaid, SMOG, and other indices ranged from 6th to 17th grade. Most Flesch Reading Ease scores fell within the 30-50 range. Results of accessibility measures were inconsistent.
    CONCLUSION: With the recommended readability level for health communication set at sixth grade, most publicly available information about mental disorders uses vocabulary and sentence structure that is too complex for the general public. Mixed evidence indicated that accessibility issues are also problematic.
    PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Developers of health information need to decrease health literacy demand in written mental health information to ensure patients and their families may benefit from this information.
    Keywords:  Health literacy; Leaflets; Mental health information; Readability; Systematic Review; Websites
  17. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2023 Jan 30.
      OBJECTIVE: Children with sensorineural hearing loss can benefit from cochlear implantation (CI). Patients can obtain direct access to medical information on the internet. However, the internet is uncontrolled, and the quality and readability of information are unpredictable. The quality and readability of websites providing information about CI in children were assessed in this study.STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
    SETTING: Online search.
    METHODS: The 3 most popular search engines (Google, Bing, and Yahoo) were queried with the phrases "cochlear implant" and "cochlear implant in children." The DISCERN instrument was used to assess the information quality. The readability was evaluated using 5 validated readability indices.
    RESULTS: Of 103 websites, the median DISCERN quality score was 33 (interquartile range [IQR], 27-41). Only 5 websites were considered to be of good quality, and 1 was excellent. The median readability school grade was 11th (IQR, 10-12), which fell within the range defined as difficult. No website was at or below the recommended sixth-grade level. There was no correlation between readability and the DISCERN scores (r = -0.105, p = .291).
    CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that most websites with information on CI for children are of variable quality and are written beyond the reading ability of the general population. Website builders should focus on improving the readability of their online material to help the average reader understand and benefit from the content.
    Keywords:  cochlear implant; online information; quality; readability
  18. Cureus. 2023 Feb;15(2): e35182
      BACKGROUND AND AIM: Breech presentation is a condition that occurs in rare cases in pregnancy. Although guidelines recommend a cesarian section or an external cephalic version in case of breech, alternative procedures like acupuncture, are also available. Information on this approach is mostly found by patients through social media; we aimed to study content quality and the reliability of information present on YouTube™ (Google LLC, Mountain View, California, United States), one of the most popular.METHODS: Two gynecologists and an anesthesiologist, who was qualified as an acupuncturist, rated the reliability and the content quality of 23 of the first 100 results from YouTube. Normal data distribution was tested with the Shapiro-Wilk test. General features of videos, reliability, and content quality were compared with the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test (continuous variables) and the Chi-square test (categorical variables). All tests were two-sided, and the statistical significance level was determined at p<0.05.
    RESULTS: Concerning reliability, all videos were rated poorly while only one was judged as sufficiently high in quality content. Lower scores in terms of reliability and content quality resulted from the reviewers' evaluation with no videos reported as suggestable to patients. Two videos were considered fit to be suggested to patients by the gynecologist reviewers.
    CONCLUSIONS: Information about the role and the success rate of acupuncture for converting breech presentation found on YouTube are poorly reliable, low-quality, and not valid for patients. It should be a physician's duty to provide correct information to patients.
    Keywords:  acupuncture; breech; breech presentation; obstetrics; pregnancy; youtube
  19. Cureus. 2023 Feb;15(2): e35093
      OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in the reproductive female population. These young patients often and easily watch YouTube videos on the Internet to learn about their condition and find a natural solution. Our goal is to analyze the contents of PCOS exercise videos.METHODS: In July 2022, research data were collected by typing the term "PCOS exercise" in the search tab on the incognito YouTube page. One hundred and ninety eight videos that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed in detail. The basic data of the videos available on YouTube was recorded. In addition, the DISCERN, global quality score (GQS), and video power index (VPI) scoring systems were calculated by two independent researchers.
    RESULTS: The profiles of the video uploaders were: health employee 28 (14.1%), nutritionist 25 (12.6%), sports trainer 48 (24.2%), patient 21 (10.6%), undefined 76 (38.4%), and their countries were: India 91 (46%), Europe and England 36 (18.2%), USA and Canada 54 (27.3%), and other countries 17 (8.6%). The distribution of video content was yoga 58 (29.3%), aerobic exercise 38 (19.2%), strengthening exercise 44 (22.2%), and unified 58 (29.3%). The mean values were: video duration (15.27±11.27), total views (3,070,957±16,474,197), likes (48,116±283,308), dislikes (930±4102), VPI (97.82±7.28), GQS (3.89±1.05), DISCERN (33.62±10.42), subscriber counts (985,614±2,222,354), and comment counts (1741±10,689). Europe-England and America-Canada videos were of better quality for DISCERN and GQS scores than those from other countries.
    CONCLUSION: Overcoming PCOS requires a lifestyle change, including exercise and diet. There is no consensus on which type of exercise is better yet. However, the necessity of regular exercise is known. We showed yoga and Indian hegemony in YouTube "PCOS exercise" videos.
    Keywords:  diet; discern; exercise; gqs; insulin resistance; pcos; vpi; youtube
  20. PLoS One. 2023 ;18(3): e0283300
      INTRODUCTION: In the era of Covid 19 pandemic, the audio-visual contents of YouTube™ could be an information source for dental students, practitioners, and patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality, content, and demographics of YouTube™ videos about pediatric dentistry for the education of dentistry students.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search on YouTube™ was performed using the keywords "pediatric dentistry", "pediatric dental treatments", "primary teeth treatments" in Turkish. The first 50 videos selected for each keyword were evaluated. Parameters of the videos such as the number of views, the days since the upload, the duration of the video, and the number of likes and dislikes were recorded. Videos are categorized by upload source and content categories as an academic, dentist, physician, patient, reporter, and other, and average points are obtained for the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark. The normality of the data was evaluated with the Shapiro-Wilk test. The data were not distributed normally, compared with the Kruskal Wallis test between source and content groups. The Dunn's Post Hoc was used to determine to find out which group caused the difference. The Spearman Correlation coefficient was calculated to assess a possible correlation between JAMA, GQS, and VPI scores. All significance levels were set at 0.05.
    RESULTS: The duplicates and non-related ones were removed from 150 videos and remaining 119 videos were evaluated. Most of the videos were uploaded by the dentists and other categories, and mainly the videos were uploaded for patient education. JAMA score was 1 out of 4 for 55 videos, 2 for 63 videos, and 3 for only 1 video. When the video source groups were compared, the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.01). The difference between academic and patient groups (p = 0.007); the dentist and patient groups were statistically significant (p = 0.02).
    CONCLUSION: YouTube platform does not contain videos of appropriate quality to support the education of dentistry students in pediatric dentistry in Turkish.
  21. Account Res. 2023 Mar 24. 1-20
      More commonly today, research ethics and misconduct are ideas that are frequently violated. The availability of information sources and the dissemination of awareness among researchers can help to reduce this kind of violation. This study highlights how YouTube can be used to promote discussions of research misconduct and ethics. The study looked into how many videos there are on research ethics and misconduct, which colleges actively provide such videos, and how satisfied viewers are with the available videos by analyzing comments. Various software tools, including Webometric Analyst, R-studio, and Microsoft Excel, were applied for data collection and analysis. On 01-24-2023, 515 videos and 6984 comments were retrieved using the correct search queries that is "Research ethics" OR "Research misconduct" OR "Research conduct" OR "Scientific integrity" OR "Research integrity" OR "Scientific misconduct." Results indicate that 2020 was the most significant year, since the most videos (241) were posted in this year. The channels titled "PPIRCPSC, ABRIZAH A, and ALHOORI H" upload 10, 9, and 8 videos respectively, placing them in the first, second, and third positions. By analyzing viewer comments, it was determined that the majority of comments were favorable, indicating that viewers are generally pleased with the available videos.
    Keywords:  Research ethics; content analysis; research misconduct; sentiment analysis; violation of research
  22. J Orthop. 2023 Apr;38 32-37
      Aims & objectives: YouTube is a non-peer-reviewed platform with a large library of healthcare-related videos which attempt to provide educational content. The goal of this study is to analyze the quality, absorbability, and educational content of videos available to patients on YouTube regarding ankle fractures.Materials & methods: On May 31, 2022, over 550 videos populated the initial search of "ankle fracture" within YouTube's platform. The first 100 videos were reviewed, and 62 videos were included in the final analysis. Video characteristics were recorded and evaluated. Videos were assessed using three objective scoring systems: (1) the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria, (2) the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool for audio and visual materials (PEMAT), and (3) the novel Ankle Fracture Content Score (AFCS).
    Results: Each scoring system had high internal consistency and interrater reliability. The mean JAMA, PEMAT understandability, PEMAT actionability, and AFCS were 2.92, 61.85%, 16.38%, and 4.67, respectively. No association was seen between video popularity metrics and quality of information. The understandability of the patient-targeted videos was greater than those targeted at healthcare professionals (P = 0.049).
    Conclusion: The information regarding ankle fractures available on YouTube for patient education is poor with no correlation between quality and popularity. This study illustrates the need for future collaboration between YouTube and trusted medical societies to provide patients with the highest quality information.
    Keywords:  AAOS, America Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; ACFA, American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; AFCS, Ankle Fracture Content Score; AOFAS, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society; APMA, American Podiatric Medical Association; Ankle fracture education; Ankle injury; JAMA, Journal of American Medical Association benchmark criteria; OTA, Orthopaedic Trauma Association; PEMAT, Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool for audio and visual materials; Patient education; Video patient education; YouTube ankle fracture analysis
  23. J Vis Commun Med. 2023 Mar 24. 1-7
      Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of blindness in infants thus it is important to raise awareness about this disease. As online platforms are a popular source of medical information; the purpose of this study is to evaluate the credibility of the content of YouTube videos on ROP in the Arabic language. The first 40 relevant videos were included and were independently reviewed by two ophthalmologists employing six assessment tools: reliability, accuracy, quality, comprehensiveness, overall viewer experience, and usefulness. Out of the 40 videos that were analysed, only 29 were considered useful. The mean DISCERN score of the videos was 32 indicating poor quality. Furthermore, 70% of the videos were completely accurate, but only 5% were fully comprehensive. Regarding the global quality score, only four videos were of excellent quality/flow (10%), while 15 were generally poor with the poor flow (37.5%). Viewer experience was assessed as fair to very poor in 22 videos (55%). The overall quality of the content in YouTube videos was poor, rendering this platform an unreliable source of information about ROP. However, given its high level of engagement, the medical community could hone its potential for raising awareness about ROP by creating entertaining useful content.
    Keywords:  Information; YouTube; patient education; premature; retinopathy of prematurity; videos
  24. Cureus. 2023 Mar;15(3): e36365
      Introduction Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) causes excessive eye tearing or mucoid discharge. Twenty percent of one-year-olds globally have CNLDO. There are many sources that offer information to parents. This study evaluates the quality and accuracy of CNLDO-related YouTube videos. Methods The first 100 videos that appeared after typing "congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction" in the YouTube search engine were evaluated. These videos were also analyzed and scored using the DISCERN, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), and Global Quality Scoring (GQS) systems. Results Forty videos met the inclusion criteria. The mean DISCERN score was 47.3 ± 9.15, JAMA was 1.72 ± 0.87, and GQS was 3.1 ± 0.81. The duration of the videos uploaded by the non-physician group was significantly longer (p = 0.04). In addition, the JAMA score of the videos uploaded by the physician group was significantly higher than that of the other group (p = 0.03). Theoretical videos were longer than surgical videos (p = 0.02). DISCERN, JAMA, and GQS scores were statistically higher in the theoretical video group (p = 0.002, p = 0.04, and p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusion According to our research, the quality of YouTube videos about congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction is average. This information source can be improved by making videos with more detailed information about the disease and theoretical information, as well as by having health professionals look over the content that has been uploaded.
    Keywords:  congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction; discern score; global quality score; jama score; youtube
  25. Helicobacter. 2023 Mar 21. e12971
      BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is the most common cause of infectious diseases worldwide, and management is a current and vital problem for physicians and patients. One of the online platforms that people use most to access health information is YouTube. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the quality and reliability of H. pylori information videos on YouTube.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The "Helicobacter pylori" keyword was searched with default filters on YouTube. Two hundred videos were evaluated. The source of videos was categorized as academic institutions, professional organizations, physicians, healthcare professionals other than physicians, health information websites, and independent users. The target audience of the videos was classified as patients and healthcare professionals. The Global Quality Scale (GQS), JAMA, and modified DISCERN video scores were obtained by taking the average of the scores given by the two authors.
    RESULTS: Seventy-four videos were analyzed, and the median duration was 9.25 (range: 1.14-121) min. The target audience of 43 (58.1%) videos was healthcare professionals, and 31 (41.9%) videos were for patients. There was no correlation between likes, dislikes, views, and the quality-usefulness of the videos. Video characteristics such as duration, likes, number of views, and time since video upload day were not associated with the source. The JAMA and DISCERN scores were significantly higher in academic institutions than in other sources. Health information websites had a significantly higher GQS score than other video sources (p = .01). In comparison, there was no significant difference between the target audience (patients and healthcare professionals) in terms of JAMA, modified DISCERN, and GQS scores.
    CONCLUSIONS: YouTube has numerous videos for healthcare information nowadays. Although the quality and reliability of YouTube videos on H. pylori are average according to common scoring systems, we recommend videos produced by academic institutions and health information websites to inform patients.
    Keywords:   Helicobacter pylori ; YouTube; healthcare; online learning; social media
  26. BMJ Open. 2023 Mar 22. 13(3): e069697
      OBJECTIVE: Mapping literature on Indigenous families' experiences seeking child health information and identifying barriers and facilitators to information access.DESIGN: Scoping review.
    DATA SOURCES: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus and CINAHL for peer-reviewed literature and Google Advanced for grey literature. We screened tables of contents of two Indigenous research journals not consistently indexed in online health databases and used snowball sampling to supplement searches.
    ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included full-text, English-language articles, published from 2000 to the time of the search in April 2021, based on: participants (Indigenous families), concept (experiences of families seeking health information) and context (child health).
    DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two independent reviewers extracted: citation details, study purpose, country of study, publication type, study design, data collection method, Indigenous group, family member participants, home/healthcare setting, child health area, how health information was accessed, and information-seeking barriers and facilitators. Data were examined for patterns and trends, results and implications.
    RESULTS: Among 19 papers (representing 16 research projects) included, nine described family/friends and 19 described healthcare professionals as sources of child health information. Barriers include racism/discrimination during healthcare visits, ineffective communication with healthcare providers and structural barriers (eg, transportation). Facilitators include easy access, improved communication and relationships with healthcare providers, and culturally safe healthcare.
    CONCLUSION: Indigenous families perceive they do not have access to necessary child health information, which can lead to insensitive, ineffective and unsafe healthcare. A critical gap exists in understanding Indigenous families' information needs and preferences when making decisions about children's health.
    Keywords:  ACCIDENT & EMERGENCY MEDICINE; Community child health; PRIMARY CARE; Paediatric A&E and ambulatory care; SOCIAL MEDICINE
  27. J Med Internet Res. 2023 Mar 23. 25 e39024
    Keywords:  allergy; childhood; content; health information; health literacy; information; internet; internet-based search; model development; online; parents; pediatric; prevention
  28. Front Public Health. 2023 ;11 1147789
      Introduction: Online health information seeking has been verified to play a crucial role in improving public health and has received close scholarly attention. However, the seeking behavior of older adults, especially the underlying mechanism through which they are motivated to seek health information online, remains unclear. This study addresses the issue by proposing a theoretical model leveraging social cognitive theory.Methods: IT self-efficacy and IT innovativeness were identified as personal factors and professional support and social support were identified as environmental factors. We conducted a survey that included 347 older people in China and examined the research hypotheses with a structural equation model.
    Results: IT self-efficacy and IT innovativeness facilitate older adults to seek health information online by increasing their perceived benefit of using the internet. Additionally, professional support and social support enhanced older adults' online seeking behavior by promoting their health awareness. We also found that perceived benefit displayed a stronger impact than health awareness on older adults' behavior related to searching for health information online.
    Conclusion: This study reveals that IT self-efficacy, IT innovativeness, professional support, and social support will promote older adults to seek health information online by enhancing their health awareness and perceived benefit. The findings of this study provide significant theoretical and practical implications.
    Keywords:  health awareness; older adults; online health information seeking; perceived benefit; social cognitive theory
  29. J Voice. 2023 Mar 20. pii: S0892-1997(23)00012-7. [Epub ahead of print]
      OBJECTIVE: Prospective laryngology fellows have limited opportunities to learn about fellowship programs besides personal conversations with program directors and mentors. Online information about fellowships may optimize the laryngology match process. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of online information about laryngology fellowship programs through analysis of program websites and surveying current and recent laryngology fellows.METHODS: The websites of 20 laryngology fellowship programs were analyzed for the presence of 18 unique criteria, previously described in the literature. A survey was distributed to current and recent fellows to determine helpful resources and improvements of fellowship websites.
    RESULTS: On average, program websites fulfilled 33% of the 18 criteria used for analysis. The criteria most often fulfilled were "program description," "case descriptions," and "fellowship director contact information." Of respondents from our survey, 47% strongly disagreed that fellowship websites helped them identify desirable programs, and 57% somewhat or strongly agreed that more detailed websites would have made identification of desirable programs easier. Fellows were most interested in finding information about program descriptions, contact information for program directors and coordinators, and current laryngology fellows.
    CONCLUSION: Based on our findings, laryngology fellowship program websites can improve, making the application process easier. As programs incorporate more information regarding contact information, current fellows, interviews, and case volume/descriptions on their websites, they will allow applicants to make more informed decisions and find the programs that fit them the best.
    Keywords:  Fellowship; Laryngology; Online Information; Quality; Website
  30. Curr Protoc. 2023 Mar;3(3): e697
    UniProt Consortium
      The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) is a comprehensive resource for protein sequence and annotation data (UniProt Consortium, 2023). The UniProt website receives about 800,000 unique visitors per month and is the primary means to access UniProt. Along with various datasets that you can search, UniProt provides four main tools. These are the "BLAST" tool for sequence similarity searching, the "Align" tool for multiple sequence alignment, the "Peptide Search" tool for retrieving proteins containing a short peptide sequence, and the "Retrieve/ID Mapping" tool for using a list of identifiers to retrieve UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) proteins and to convert database identifiers from UniProt to external databases or vice versa. This article provides four basic protocols and seven alternate protocols for using UniProt tools. © 2023 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) in UniProt Alternate Protocol 1: BLAST through UniProt text search results pages Alternate Protocol 2: BLAST through UniProt basket Basic Protocol 2: Multiple sequence alignment in UniProt Alternate Protocol 3: Align tool through UniProt results pages and entry pages Alternate Protocol 4: Align tool through UniProt basket Basic Protocol 3: Peptide search in UniProt Basic Protocol 4: Batch retrieval and ID mapping in UniProt Alternate Protocol 5: Retrieve/ID Mapping tool through UniProt text search results pages and BLAST and Align results pages Alternate Protocol 6: Retrieve/ID Mapping tool through UniProt basket Alternate Protocol 7: Retrieve/ID Mapping tool through UniProt search box.
    Keywords:  BLAST; UniProt; alignment; navigation; search; tutorial
  31. ArXiv. 2023 Feb 03. pii: arXiv:2302.01588v1. [Epub ahead of print]
      Pretrained language models such as Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) have achieved state-of-the-art performance in natural language processing (NLP) tasks. Recently, BERT has been adapted to the biomedical domain. Despite the effectiveness, these models have hundreds of millions of parameters and are computationally expensive when applied to large-scale NLP applications. We hypothesized that the number of parameters of the original BERT can be dramatically reduced with minor impact on performance. In this study, we present Bioformer, a compact BERT model for biomedical text mining. We pretrained two Bioformer models (named Bioformer8L and Bioformer16L) which reduced the model size by 60% compared to BERTBase. Bioformer uses a biomedical vocabulary and was pre-trained from scratch on PubMed abstracts and PubMed Central full-text articles. We thoroughly evaluated the performance of Bioformer as well as existing biomedical BERT models including BioBERT and PubMedBERT on 15 benchmark datasets of four different biomedical NLP tasks: named entity recognition, relation extraction, question answering and document classification. The results show that with 60% fewer parameters, Bioformer16L is only 0.1% less accurate than PubMedBERT while Bioformer8L is 0.9% less accurate than PubMedBERT. Both Bioformer16L and Bioformer8L outperformed BioBERTBase-v1.1. In addition, Bioformer16L and Bioformer8L are 2-3 fold as fast as PubMedBERT/BioBERTBase-v1.1. Bioformer has been successfully deployed to PubTator Central providing gene annotations over 35 million PubMed abstracts and 5 million PubMed Central full-text articles. We make Bioformer publicly available via, including pre-trained models, datasets, and instructions for downstream use.