bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2022‒07‒31
twelve papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul 11. pii: 8449. [Epub ahead of print]19(14):
      Nationwide, public libraries are experiencing an increase in "on-premise" opioid overdoses and other issues (e.g., suicide attempts) affecting unstably housed library users. The public library presents a unique opportunity to access an otherwise hidden population. In partnership with the San Diego Central Library, researchers led focus groups, in-depth interviews, and surveys with 63 library patrons experiencing homelessness or housing instability (n = 49) and library staff (n = 14) (January-June 2019). Using a consensus organizing framework and mixed methods approach, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews exploring the library's strengths and opportunities for patrons experiencing homelessness, the barriers to meeting their aspirations, and whether having a social worker at the library or other policy changes in government or the library could help. Specifically, participants answered inquiries about the opportunities for the library to address substance use and human trafficking. In brief surveys, library patrons and staff provided views on the patrons' educational needs, library staff's training needs, and changes needed in government or library policies. Results revealed the desire of the library patrons (69%) and staff (93%) to have a library social worker who could link patrons to housing services, substance use harm reduction or treatment, and address food-insecure youth/families and human trafficking/sexual exploitation. Participants also valued peer advocates with lived homelessness experiences. Over 70% of the unstably housed patrons said they would like library patrons to participate in peer leadership training. Other significant themes were the need for crisis prevention and intervention, connecting patrons to resources and each other, and creating consistent assistance. Libraries urgently need more on-premise support to address patrons' pressing housing, health, and mental health needs.
    Keywords:  homelessness; human trafficking; libraries; mental health; opioid use; public health crisis; social work; substance use; treatment
  2. BMC Complement Med Ther. 2022 Jul 27. 22(1): 200
      BACKGROUND: Determining which therapies fall under the umbrella of complementary, alternative, and/or integrative medicine (CAIM) is difficult for several reasons. An operational definition is dynamic, and changes depending on both historical time period and geographical location, with many countries integrating or considering their traditional system(s) of medicine as conventional care. We have previously reported the first operational definition of CAIM informed by a systematic search. In the present study, we have developed a comprehensive search string informed by an operational definition of CAIM for systematic bibliographic database search strategies.METHODS: We developed a single search string for the most common bibliographic databases, including those searchable on the OVID platform (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, AMED), the EBSCO platform (e.g., ERIC, CINAHL), Scopus, and Web of Science, using the finalised operational definition of CAIM's 604 therapies. We searched the Therapeutic Research Center's "Natural Medicines" database for all 604 therapies, and each item's scientific name and/or synonym was included as a keyword or phrase in the search string.
    RESULTS: This developed search string provides a standardised list of CAIM terms (i.e., keywords and phrases) that may be searched on bibliographic databases including those found on the OVID platform (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, AMED), the EBSCO platform (e.g., ERIC, CINAHL), Scopus, and Web of Science.
    CONCLUSION: Researchers can select relevant terms for their CAIM study and insert the keywords/phrases into these databases to receive all accessible data. This search technique can simply be copied and pasted into the search bar of each database to identify research by keywords, which is the most inclusive, or by words in the article title, which is more selective. Given its versatility across multiple commonly used academic platforms/databases, it is expected that this search string will be of great value to those conducting research on CAIM topics involving systematic search strategies.
    Keywords:  Bibliographic database; Complementary and alternative medicine; Integrative medicine; Medical research platform; Operational definition; Search strategy; Search string; Standard of classification
  3. Health Info Libr J. 2022 Jul 29.
      With international health challenges, there are opportunities for collaboration between nations on health issues, including developing and sharing resources for teaching and learning. This article outlines collaboration across Scotland and England to develop a core resource for eLearning on health literacy. It describes the development of the resource with case studies of the implementation in Scotland and England, demonstrating the balance between shared development and tailored implementation. The eLearning was developed to increase awareness of NHS workforce and community partners, supplemented by training for NHS librarians and public health specialists to enable them to provide more tailored training on health literacy techniques.
    Keywords:  Great Britain (GB); Health literacy; National Health Service (NHS); eLearning; libraries, hospital; public health
  4. Nature. 2022 Jul;607(7920): 663
    Keywords:  Chemistry; Education; History
  5. Surg Open Sci. 2022 Oct;10 43-49
      Background: Acute care surgery (ACS) has grown and evolved since it was conceived in 2005. However, ACS is not recognized in the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Heading thesaurus. This article uses bibliometrics to help define an identity for ACS as a subspecialty of surgery and argue for its addition to the Medical Subject Heading thesaurus.Methods: The terms "Acute Care Surgery," "Wounds and Injuries," "General Surgery," and "Critical Care" were searched with and without the Text Word [TW] modifier using PubMed. The intersections of search sets were identified with the AND conjunction to determine the proportion of ACS literature relevant to each subject term and calculate the penetration of ACS as a keyword term into each subject domain.
    Results: A [Medical Subject Heading] limited search on the term "Acute Care Surgery" yielded a predictable return of 0 article. Search of the cohesive term "Acute Care Surgery" [All Fields], restricted to MEDLINE-indexed, English-language articles yielded 2,351 articles published between 2005 and 2020, inclusive. Using ACS as [Text Word] yielded 517 articles. There was a progressive increase in the rate of annual publications. The frequency of subject terms in the ACS [All Fields] set was as follows: Critical Care, 49.70%; General Surgery, 23.26%; and Wounds and Injuries, 20.88%. The frequency of subject terms in the ACS [TW] set was as follows: Critical Care, 32.88%; General Surgery, 43.52%; and Wounds and Injuries, 15.28%. Of this set, 8.32% of articles were not tagged or did not contain a reference to any of these 3 major subjects.
    Conclusion: This study demonstrates that ACS as a subject matter is being increasingly expressed in the literature. Adding ACS as a dedicated term into the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Heading thesaurus of controlled vocabulary as a specialty of Surgery would facilitate indexing and retrieval of the literature most relevant to acute care surgeons.
  6. PeerJ. 2022 ;10 e13686
      Background: The use of the Internet to access healthcare-related information is increasing day by day. However, there are concerns regarding the reliability and comprehensibility of this information. This study aimed to investigate the readability, reliability, and quality of Internet-based patient educational materials (PEM) related to "post-COVID-19 pain."Methods: One-hundred websites that fit the purposes of the study were identified by searching for the terms "post-COVID-19 pain" and "pain after COVID-19" using the Google search engine on February 24, 2022. The website readability was assessed using the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), and Gunning FOG (GFOG). The reliability, quality, and popularity of the websites were assessed using the JAMA score, DISCERN score/Health on the Net Foundation code of conduct, and Alexa, respectively.
    Results: Upon investigation of the textual contents, the mean FRES was 51.40 ± 10.65 (difficult), the mean FKGL and SMOG were 10.93 ± 2.17 and 9.83 ± 1.66 years, respectively, and the mean GFOG was 13.14 ± 2.16 (very difficult). Furthermore, 24.5% of the websites were highly reliable according to JAMA scores, 8% were of high quality according to GQS values, and 10% were HONcode-compliant. There was a statistically significant difference between the website types and reliability (p = 0.003) and quality scores (p = 0.002).
    Conclusion: The readability level of PEM on post-COVID-19 pain was considerably higher than grade 6 educational level, as recommended by the National Institutes of Health, and had low reliability and poor quality. We suggest that Internet-based PEM should have a certain degree of readability that is in accordance with the educational level of the general public and feature reliable content.
    Keywords:  Covid-19; Health information; Internet; Pain; Post-acute COVID-19 syndrome; Readability
  7. Kans J Med. 2022 ;15 247-252
      Introduction: The internet is an ever-evolving resource to improve healthcare literacy among patients. The nature of the internet can make it difficult to condense educational materials in a manner applicable to a worldwide patient audience. Within the realm of endocrinology, there is lack of a comprehensive analysis regarding these pathologies in addition to education materials related to their medical work-up or management. The aim of this study was to assess contemporary online patient education material in endocrinology and management of care.Methods: Analysis of the readability of 1,500 unique online education materials was performed utilizing seven readability measures: Flesch Reading Ease (FRE), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Gunning Fog Index Readability Formula (FOG), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook Index (SMOG), Coleman-Liau Index (CLI), automated readability index (ARI), and Linsear Write Formula (LWF).
    Results: The average grade level readability scores from six measures (e.g., FKGL, FOG, SMOG, CLI, ARI, LWF) was more than or equal to 11 which corresponds to a reading level at or above the 11th grade. The average FRE between adrenal, diabetes, and thyroid-related education m aterial ranged between "fairly difficult" to "very difficult".
    Conclusions: The readability of contemporary online endocrine education material did not meet current readability recommendations for appropriate comprehension of the general audience.
    Keywords:  adrenal glands; diabetes mellitus; patient education; readability; thyroid
  8. Biomed Res Int. 2022 ;2022 3284199
      Introduction: The National Institutes of Health (NIH), American Medical Association (AMA), and the US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) recommend that patient education materials (PEMs) be written between the 4th to 6th grade reading level to ensure readability by the average American. In this study, we examine the reading levels of online patient education materials from major anesthesiology organizations.Methods: Readability analysis of PEMs found on the websites of anesthesiology organizations was performed using the Flesch Reading Ease score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, Gunning Frequency of Gobbledygook, New Dale-Chall test, Coleman-Liau Index, New Fog Count, Raygor Readability Estimate, the FORCAST test, and the Fry Score.
    Results: Most patient educational materials from the websites of the anesthesiology organizations evaluated were written at or above the 10th grade reading level.
    Conclusions: Online patient education materials from the major anesthesiology societies are written at levels higher than an average American adult reading skill level and higher than recommended by National Institute of Health, American Medical Association, and US Department of Health and Human Services. Online resources should be revised to improve readability. Simplifying text, using shorter sentences and terms are strategies online resources can implement to improve readability. Future studies should incorporate comprehensibility, user-friendliness, and linguistic ease to further understand the implications on overall healthcare.
  9. Curr Oncol. 2022 Jun 27. 29(7): 4522-4540
      Online information can increase patients' competence and engagement. However, there are concerns regarding invalid information. Overall, 300 websites and 50 YouTube videos on multiple myeloma (MM) were evaluated. The websites did not differ between the search engines or search ranks. The median time since the last update was 9 months. The 63 unique websites showed a poor general quality (median JAMA score 2 of 4, only 18% with a valid HON certificate). The patient- (user-) focused quality was medium to poor (median sum DISCERN score 41 out of 80 points). The overall reading level was difficult requiring at least a 12th US school grade. The content level was low (median 24 out of 73 points). Sixteen percent contained misleading/wrong facts. Websites provided by foundation/advocacies showed a significantly higher general and patient- (user-) focused quality. For videos, the median time since upload was 18 months. Judged by the HON foundation score ~80% of videos showed a medium general quality. The patient- (user-) focused quality was medium to poor (median sum DISCERN score 43 points). The content level was very low (median 8 points). MM relevant websites and videos showed a medium to low general, patient- (user-) focused and content quality. Therefore, incorporation of quality indices and regular review is warranted.
    Keywords:  multiple myeloma; online health information; patient education
  10. J World Fed Orthod. 2022 Jul 21. pii: S2212-4438(22)00037-6. [Epub ahead of print]
      BACKGROUND: To analyze the content, reliability, and quality of relevant TikTok videos regarding orthodontic retention.METHODS: Six relevant terms were searched on the TikTok social media Web site. Uploaded videos satisfying inclusion/exclusion criteria were assessed for the presence of nine predetermined content domains and categorized as "high-content" (≥5) or "low-content" (<5). Reliability was determined using the DISCERN instrument and quality by the Global Quality Score (GQS). Layperson videos were evaluated for themes using discourse analysis. Intraclass coefficients for content, DISCERN scores, and GQS were calculated for intrarater reliability. Statistical analysis was via IBM SPSS Statistics (version; SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL).
    RESULTS: Orthodontists uploaded 37.8% and laypersons 34% of the 209 assessed videos. Just 22.1% of videos were considered to be 'high-content.' Quality of life issues related to retainer wear was the domain that was present least often in the videos provided by orthodontists (13.9%) and most often in those uploaded by laypersons (53.5%). High-content videos recorded greater mean GQS and DISCERN scores compared with low-content videos (P < 0.001). Strong positive associations existed between the number of domains present and DISCERN scores (rho = 0.808; P < 0.01) and between GQS and DISCERN scores (rho = 0.67; P < 0.01). Intraclass coefficient scores ranged between 0.92 and 0.98. Dissatisfaction with the need for long-term retainer wear was a prevalent negative theme in layperson videos.
    CONCLUSIONS: The content, reliability, and quality of TikTok videos regarding orthodontic retention were poor. The orthodontic profession must use TikTok effectively to ensure it delivers high-quality information relevant to laypersons' concerns.
    Keywords:  Orthodontic retention; Quality of information; Retainers; Social media; Tiktok
  11. Healthcare (Basel). 2022 Jul 25. pii: 1382. [Epub ahead of print]10(8):
      The radiographic anatomy on dental panoramic images is essential knowledge for proper diagnosis and treatment planning purposes. No prior study has examined the content of YouTube videos with regard to radiographic anatomy on panoramic radiography. The objective of this study was to provide a content analysis on these videos. The initial search string was: (panoramic anatomy). An additional search was performed with the search string: (OPG landmarks). By screening the resultant videos and their related videos (recommended by YouTube as a list on the right of the screen), a total of 62 videos were screened. Videos were excluded if they were irrelevant (e.g., focusing on radiographic errors without covering the anatomy), elaborating mainly with drawings without showing the landmarks on panoramic images, duplicate videos, and non-English speaking. Finally, 38 videos were included and analyzed. Most of them showed clear panoramic images and had clear tracing or delineation of the anatomical landmarks. On average, each video described 26 landmarks, including 12.3 from the midfacial region, 8.2 from the mandible, and 5.2 from soft tissue/air space/others. The videos were of good quality in general, with some frequent shortcomings being lack of visual aid with skull and schematic diagrams, and lack of discussion on clinical relevance. The maxillary sinus was the structure mostly involved in wrong information, particularly the wrong delineation of its posterior wall.
    Keywords:  YouTube video; dental education; oral and maxillofacial radiology; panoramic; student-centered learning
  12. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2022 Jul 26. 2104571
      Human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered the second largest human carcinogen after tobacco and is responsible for 5% of all cancers, 10% of cancers in women, and 15% of all cancers in developing countries. Among these, cervical cancer is the most prevalent. An HPV vaccine has recently been developed to provide primary protection against the viral infection. In 2014, Brazil's National Immunization Program (Programa Nacional de Imunizações, PNI) started making a quadrivalent vaccine available to the public. However, after 2014, the vaccine coverage dropped and did not reach the PNI's targets. Among other factors, this low uptake was due to the quality of information on the Internet. Using Google Trends, the main search terms used to search for vaccine-related information on the Internet were identified. The content of the identified websites was analyzed using the DISCERN instrument and their reach was determined using their page authority score. Most of the texts analyzed were not of high quality. The data that most commonly reach the lay public are from sites that lack scientific rigor. We found a weak correlation between the DISCERN and page authority scores. Based on our analysis, we inferred that the information that reaches the user is not always the most accurate and can lead to harmful decisions on vaccination. The content that reaches the user most easily is not always of sound quality. New analyses are important, especially on the impact of social networks that present even fewer criteria in publications and are more easily accessible.
    Keywords:  HPV; Internet; Vaccine; online; quality of information