bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2021‒11‒28
nine papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Ir J Med Sci. 2021 Nov 25.
      BACKGROUND/AIMS: Today, one of the ways to access medical information is the internet. Our objective was to develop a measurement tool to assess the quality of online medical videos.METHODS: Online videos covering a variety of subjects (COVID-19, low back pain, weight loss, hypertension, cancer, chest pain, vaccination, asthma, allergy, and cataracts) were evaluated using our Medical Quality Video Evaluation Tool (MQ-VET) by 25 medical and 25 non-medical professionals. Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and correlation coefficients were used to assess the validity and reliability of the MQ-VET.
    RESULTS: The final MQ-VET consisted of 15 items and four sections. The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient for the full MQ-VET was 0.72, and the internal consistency for all factors was good (between 0.73 and 0.81). The correlation between the DISCERN questionnaire scores and MQ-VET scores was significant.
    CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings indicated that the MQ-VET is a valid and reliable tool that will help to standardize future evaluations of online medical videos.
    Keywords:  Medical videos; Questionnaire; Reliability; Validity; YouTube
  2. Heart Lung. 2021 Nov 22. pii: S0147-9563(21)00268-5. [Epub ahead of print]52 22-25
    Keywords:  ENTREQ; MOOSE; Meta-analysis; PRISMA; Reporting guidelines; Systematic review
  3. Aust J Prim Health. 2021 Nov 24.
      Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a distressing and disabling pain condition. Many people with CRPS and the health professionals who treat them seek information about the condition via the Internet. The credibility, accuracy and comprehensiveness of online CRPS information remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the credibility, accuracy and comprehensiveness of information presented on freely accessible websites that aim to educate people about CRPS. Keyword searches were conducted on the Australian Google site, with 'trustworthy' websites included and critically appraised. Primary outcomes were recognised metrics of credibility (JAMA benchmark credibility criteria) and website accuracy (according to European CRPS guidelines). Comprehensiveness was assessed using the proportion of European CRPS guidelines covered by the websites. In all, 30 websites with 819 recommendations were critically appraised. Five (17%) websites met all credibility criteria; of the recommendations, 349 (43%) were accurate, 252 (31%) were inaccurate and 218 (26%) were unclear. For comprehensiveness, an average of 17% of general guidelines, 15% of therapeutic guidelines and 6% of medication/supplement guidelines were covered. Online information about CRPS available to Australians has low credibility, accuracy and comprehensiveness. Many website recommendations are inaccurate or unclear, and many websites endorse inappropriate treatments. There is an urgent need for accurate and comprehensive sources of CRPS information online.
  4. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021 Nov 23.
      Rationale Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) or their caregivers may seek information about their disease online, but the accuracy and quality of websites on PAH is not known. Objectives To assess the quality, reliability and accuracy of information on websites about PAH. Methods We searched Google, Yahoo, and Bing for "pulmonary arterial hypertension" and screened the first 200 sites from each search engine. Website quality was evaluated by two authors using the validated DISCERN tool (best score is 80) and JAMA benchmark criteria (best score is 4). Content accuracy was assessed according to 39 pre-specified disease-relevant topics from international PAH guidelines. Linear regression models and generalized estimating equations were used to assess the association between website characteristics with JAMA benchmark criteria, DISCERN scores and content scores. Results One-hundred-seventeen eligible sites were included (50% scientific organizations, 20% foundation/advocacy organizations, 14% industry/for-profit, 12% personal commentary/blogs, 4% news and media sites) with most sites hosted in North America. The median time since last website update was 1.2 years (IQR 0.4-2.6). Website readability was at the high school or college education-level (Flesh Reading Ease score 39.9±15.2, reading grade 11.9±2.7), which is more challenging than the recommendation by the American Medical Association for patient medical information to be written at 5th-6th grade levels. Only 23% had Health on the Net Code of Conduct (HONcode) certification for ethical presentation of healthcare information. Median DISCERN total score and JAMA Benchmark score were 1.5 (IQR 0.5-2.5) and 29.5 (IQR 22.5-35.5), respectively, indicating poor transparency, reliability, and quality of information. Foundation/advocacy organization sites had higher DISCERN scores compared to personal commentary/blog sites and higher content scores compared to industry/for-profit sites. Websites with HONcode certification were more reliable and had higher JAMA benchmark scores. A minority of websites addressed exercise/rehabilitation, palliative care, pregnancy, and financial concerns relevant to patients. Conclusions Most internet websites on PAH were not easily readable, comprehensive, or transparent. Using a systematic appraisal approach, we identified the highest-quality internet websites with balanced and accurate coverage of relevant issues and treatment options for patients with PAH, which may be useful for patients, caregivers, and clinicians.
  5. Int J Surg Protoc. 2021 ;25(1): 244-249
      Background: A significant proportion of the public rely on the internet for their health information, and social media has emerged as the principal information source. YouTube is the world's largest and most popular video library, and it has emerged as a primary health information source because it offers animated and interactive content. However, little is known of its usefulness of neurosurgery videos to African YouTube users. We aim with this study to evaluate the usefulness of YouTube as a source of patient information for neurosurgical care in Africa.Methodology: This observational study will be conducted using YouTube. A search will be carried out to identify neurosurgery videos suggested to African YouTube viewers from inception to September 2021. An internet browser (Google Chrome, Google Inc., CA, USA) with its cache cleared will be used to execute the search. The default YouTube search setting of "relevance" will be used to replicate what a search attempt performed by a patient would be. The first 50 results from each keyword search will be registered in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet (Microsoft, WA, USA). The primary outcome measure is the reliability of the videos. Data will be analyzed using SPSS version 26 (IBM, WA, USA). Odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals will be calculated. The statistically significant level will be set at 0.05. Also, a linear regression analysis will be performed to examine the effects of independent variables on continuous dependent variables.
    Dissemination: The study findings will be published in an academic peer-reviewed journal, and the abstract will be presented at an international conference. English and French visual and video abstracts of the methods and key findings will be designed and disseminated widely on social media.
    Highlights: A significant proportion of the public rely on the internet and social media for health information.YouTube has emerged as the world's largest video library, and has emerged as a primary health information source.There are few safeguards to avoid dissemination of false or biased information on the platform this could negatively influence health seeking behaviorWe aim to evaluate the usefulness of YouTube as a source of patient information for neurosurgical care in Africa.The findings of this study will help evaluate the volume and quantity of African neurosurgical video content and identify best practices.
    Keywords:  Africa, Health attitudes, Neurosurgery; Online video content; Social media; YouTube
  6. J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Nov 22. 36(45): e303
      BACKGROUND: YouTube has become an increasingly popular educational tool and an important source of healthcare information. We investigated the reliability and quality of the information in Korean-language YouTube videos about gout.METHODS: We performed a comprehensive electronic search on April 2, 2021, using the following keywords-"gout," "acute gout," "gouty arthritis," "gout treatment," and "gout attack"-and identified 140 videos in the Korean language. Two rheumatologists then categorized the videos into three groups: "useful," "misleading," and "personal experience." Reliability was determined using a five-item questionnaire modified from the DISCERN validation tool, and overall quality scores were based on the Global Quality Scale (GQS).
    RESULTS: Among the 140 videos identified, 105 (75.0%), 29 (20.7%), and 6 (4.3%) were categorized as "useful," "misleading," and "personal experience," respectively. Most videos in the "useful" group were created by rheumatologists (70.5%). The mean DISCERN and GQS scores in the "useful" group (3.3 ± 1.0 and 3.8 ± 0.7) were higher than those in the "misleading" (0.9 ± 1.0 and 1.9 ± 0.6) and "personal experience" groups (0.8 ± 1.2 and 2.0 ± 0.8) (P < 0.001 for both the DISCERN and GQS tools).
    CONCLUSION: Approximately 75% of YouTube videos that contain educational material regarding gout were useful; however, we observed some inaccuracies in the medical information provided. Healthcare professionals should closely monitor media content and actively participate in the development of videos that provide accurate medical information.
    Keywords:  Education; Gout; Patients; Rheumatologists
  7. Cureus. 2021 Oct;13(10): e18942
      Background The internet has changed the way both physicians and patients search for health information. WebSurg® is a valuable source of information that informs surgeons about new technologies and techniques and aims to promote quality, safety, and patient-centered care. In this study, our aim is to evaluate the popularity, quality, transparency, and accuracy of videos about minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP). Materials and methods A total of 31 videos related to MIVAP returned by the WebSurg® search engine in response to the keywords "MIVAP", "video assisted parathyroidectomy'', and "minimally invasive parathyroidectomy'' were included in this study. Videos were evaluated in terms of time since upload, run time, country, academic degree, and the number of views and likes. The popularity of videos was determined by the video power index (VPI) formula. The DISCERN questionnaire score (DISCERNqs), global quality score (GQSc), and Journal of American Medical Association benchmark criteria (JAMABC) scoring systems were used to analyze WebSurg® videos for reliability and quality. Results The academic degree of the members was MD in 90.32% of uploaded videos. Forty-eight point thirty-eight percent (48.38%) of the videos were uploaded by members from France. There was no significant difference between the DISCERNqs, JAMABC, GQSc, and MIVAP scoring system (MIVAP-SS) scores in terms of academic degree and country. A statistically significant negative correlation was found between the time since upload and the VPI score (r=-0.683, p<0.001). The run time was positively correlated with the DISCERNqs, JAMABC, GQSc, and MIVAP-SS scores (p=0.003, p=0.002, p=0.003, p<0.001, respectively). For the MIVAP-SS score, the Spearman correlation analysis demonstrated a statistically significant positive correlation with VPI, DISCERNqs, JAMABC, and GQSc (p<0.05). Conclusion Videos about MIVAP are helpful for surgeons to learn the procedure step-by-step before the surgery they will be performing but still below the expected quality. It is recommended to use MIVAP-SS points, which is a novel scoring system, to ensure standardization and improve quality.
    Keywords:  mivap; parathyroid; quality; score; video; websurg
  8. J Immigr Minor Health. 2021 Nov 27.
      Little attention has been paid to online health information seeking (OHIS) among immigrants residing in rural areas. This study examines the intensity of OHIS among Korean American (KA) immigrants living in rural Alabama. A total number of 261 KA immigrants aged 23 to 75 participated in the study. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Age (B = - 0.044, p < 0.05), marital status (B = 1.132, p < 0.05), race/ethnic discrimination (B = 0.821, p < 0.05), having computer or tablet (B = 1.286, p < 0.05), and access to internet (B = 1.778, p < 0.01) were associated with the intensity of OHIS. Substantial efforts should be devoted to narrowing the access gap by providing offline health information services for those without internet access and with limited health literacy. Moreover, culturally competent healthcare services and information should be provided to serve racial/ethnic minority populations better.
    Keywords:  Discrimination; Immigrants; Online health information seeking; Rural areas