bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2021‒10‒10
eleven papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Public Health Nurs. 2021 Oct 06.
      OBJECTIVE: Rural public libraries have been proposed as ideal locations from which individuals can access a telemedicine visit, but limited adoption of this practice suggests significant barriers remain. The purpose of this study was to determine rural public librarians' perspectives on the benefits and barriers to offering patrons the ability to use their public library for a telemedicine video visit, and to suggest strategies for moving this practice forward.DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis.
    SAMPLE: Fifteen rural US librarians and library directors.
    MEASUREMENTS: Individual interviews were conducted to determine perspectives on the benefits of and barriers to implementing telemedicine in public libraries.
    RESULTS: We identified four themes from the data: rural public libraries increase healthcare access in a trustworthy location, librarians are supportive of telemedicine, but have concerns, limited resources drive barriers to telemedicine implementation in rural libraries, and small rural libraries continued in-person service during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    CONCLUSION: Rural public libraries can be an important part of achieving equitable access to care, particularly with regard to chronic disease management in rural populations. Rural public health nurses can be instrumental in promoting collaborations between local libraries and regional health systems that may help libraries overcome financial barriers to this practice.
    Keywords:  disease management; health services accessibility; internet access; public health systems research; rural health; telemedicine
  2. Front Psychol. 2021 ;12 752188
      The emergence of e-books with the characteristics of easy access and reading any time anywhere is a subject of debate in academia. Topics include the use of e-books in libraries, their use in support teaching, new possibilities for reading activities, potential uses for library archives, and the motivation and intention of e-book users. Students at Guilin University of Technology participated in a survey. Of the 300 copies of the questionnaire distributed, 263 valid copies were returned, a retrieval rate of 88%. The research results show that (1) Usability and reading need are the key factors in e-book usage. Usability refers to convenient keyword searches, portability, and any time reading. E-books are considered to make searching and reading large amounts of data easier. (2) E-books are not restricted to time and space so that the overall reading quantity is increasing. Readers become accustomed to reading e-books, and the quality of their digital reading is gradually enhanced. (3) Students should complete e-book use courses offered by libraries to enhance their familiarity with e-books and their use of e-book software, thereby enhancing postgraduate student readers' e-book information literacy. The results of the research prompt suggestions to enhance the promotion of reading and e-book information to encourage student readers' e-book reading intention.
    Keywords:  behavioral intention; e-book; reading intention; technology acceptance model; theory of planned behavior
  3. J Med Internet Res. 2021 Oct 05. 23(10): e27174
      BACKGROUND: User-friendly information at the point of care for health care professionals should be well structured, rapidly accessible, comprehensive, and trustworthy. The reliability of information and the associated methodological process must be clear. There is no standard tool to evaluate the trustworthiness of such point-of-care (POC) information.OBJECTIVE: We aim to develop and validate a new tool for assessment of trustworthiness of evidence-based POC resources to enhance the quality of POC resources and facilitate evidence-based practice.
    METHODS: We designed the Critical Appraisal of Point-of-Care Information (CAPOCI) tool based on the criteria important for assessment of trustworthiness of POC information, reported in a previously published review. A group of health care professionals and methodologists (the authors of this paper) defined criteria for the CAPOCI tool in an iterative process of discussion and pilot testing until consensus was reached. In the next step, all criteria were subject to content validation with a Delphi study. We invited an international panel of 10 experts to rate their agreement with the relevance and wording of the criteria and to give feedback. Consensus was reached when 70% of the experts agreed. When no consensus was reached, we reformulated the criteria based on the experts' comments for a next round of the Delphi study. This process was repeated until consensus was reached for each criterion. In a last step, the interrater reliability of the CAPOCI tool was calculated with a 2-tailed Kendall tau correlation coefficient to quantify the agreement between 2 users who piloted the CAPOCI tool on 5 POC resources. Two scoring systems were tested: a 3-point ordinal scale and a 7-point Likert scale.
    RESULTS: After validation, the CAPOCI tool was designed with 11 criteria that focused on methodological quality and author-related information. The criteria assess authorship, literature search, use of preappraised evidence, critical appraisal of evidence, expert opinions, peer review, timeliness and updating, conflict of interest, and commercial support. Interrater agreement showed substantial agreement between 2 users for scoring with the 3-point ordinal scale (τ=.621, P<.01) and scoring with the 7-point Likert scale (τ=.677, P<.01).
    CONCLUSIONS: The CAPOCI tool may support validation teams in the assessment of trustworthiness of POC resources. It may also provide guidance for producers of POC resources.
    Keywords:  evidence-based medicine; evidence-based practice; health care quality; information science; point-of-care systems; practice guidelines as a topic
  4. Stroke. 2021 Oct 08. STROKEAHA121036141
    Keywords:  education, medical, continuing; maintenance; publications; social media; work-life balance
  5. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2021 Oct;58(10): 1287-1293
      OBJECTIVE: The present study identifies and analyzes online patient resources for cleft lip with or without cleft palate to survey the online educational landscape relative to the recommended difficulty set by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and American Medical Association (AMA).METHODS: An internet search of "cleft palate," "cleft lip," and 12 similar inputs were entered into a search engine. The first 50 links for each search term were identified, collected, and reviewed individually for relevance and accessibility. The content of the websites was analyzed with Readability Studio Version 2019.1. The following readability metrics were utilized in this study: (1) Coleman-Liau (grade levels), (2) New Dale-Chall, (3) Flesch-Kincaid, (4) Flesch Reading Ease, (5) FORCAST, (6) Fry, (7) Gunning Fog, (8) New Fog Count, (9) Raygor Readability Estimate, and (10) Simple Measure of Gobbledygook.
    RESULTS: In no combination of search terms did any collection of links provide information within the mid-seventh grade levels recommended by the NIH. The analysis of 143 unique websites in the "Cleft Palate" group showed a readability level appropriate to high school students. The analysis of 144 unique websites in the "Cleft Lip" group showed a readability level appropriate for eighth grade students with 6 months of class complete.
    CONCLUSIONS: The information presented to patients on cleft care is too complex and well above the recommended 7th-grade reading level target set forth by the NIH and AMA, which hinders functional health literacy.
    Keywords:  cleft care; patient resources; readability
  6. Bioinformatics. 2021 Oct 06. pii: btab694. [Epub ahead of print]
      SUMMARY: The global response to the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a rapid increase of scientific literature on this deadly disease. Extracting knowledge from biomedical literature and integrating it with relevant information from curated biological databases is essential to gain insight into COVID-19 etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. We used Semantic Web technology RDF to integrate COVID-19 knowledge mined from literature by iTextMine, PubTator, and SemRep with relevant biological databases and formalized the knowledge in a standardized and computable COVID-19 Knowledge Graph (KG). We published the COVID-19 KG via a SPARQL endpoint to support federated queries on the Semantic Web and developed a knowledge portal with browsing and searching interfaces. We also developed a RESTful API to support programmatic access and provided RDF dumps for download.AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The COVID-19 Knowledge Graph is publicly available under CC-BY 4.0 license at
  7. World J Clin Pediatr. 2021 Sep 09. 10(5): 93-105
      BACKGROUND: The internet is a valuable tool for access to health-related information. There is limited literature regarding its use by parents of children with surgical conditions.AIM: To investigate internet usage by parents seeking information about the surgical conditions of their offspring in relation to epidemiological factors such as family residential area and parental educational level and to subsequently review the literature regarding this topic.
    METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire about internet usage was completed by eligible parents of children who were admitted to our clinic for minor surgical procedures during a six-month period.
    RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that the internet has been mostly used by mothers for children's health information. Google was the most commonly used search engine, while pediatricians were the first parental choice for 'live' information. Only one-quarter of the parents informed their doctor about the information found online. Nine of ten parents had a positive opinion of an official website managed by the doctors of our clinic. Our results mostly agreed with the international literature.
    CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the establishment of official websites (designed and managed by specialists) that parents can access to receive appropriate health information is mandatory in the internet era.
    Keywords:  Child; Fathers; Health; Internet; Mothers
  8. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2021 Oct 04.
      Background: Surgical trainees often resort to operative videos on the internet during preparation for surgery; YouTube is the most commonly explored video source by them. However, the quality of these videos is often questioned. This study was performed to assess the quality of available YouTube videos on laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP). Materials and Methods: The term "laparoscopic pyloromyotomy" was searched on YouTube on June 2, 2021, and 20 most-viewed videos on LP were included. A reference video on LP from WebSurg was also selected. The laparoscopic surgery video educational guidelines (LAP-VEGaS) tool was utilized for quality assessment of these videos. Descriptive variables, including the surgeon's details; year of video upload; duration of the video; view, like, and dislike counts; number of ports used; and instruments used for pyloromyotomy, were recorded and their relationship with video quality was studied. Results: The majority of videos were from the United States and India, and a surgeon could be identified in 90% of them. The median (range) video duration and view, like, and dislike counts were 2.89 (0.68-8.80) minutes, 2308 (1102-23,682), 5 (0-59), and 0 (0-11), respectively. The LAP-VEGaS score of the reference video was 17. In contrast, the scores of YouTube videos ranged from 1 to 14. The quality of these videos was poor in 5/9 domains. None of the descriptive variables showed a significant association with high video quality. Conclusion: Compared with the reference video, the overall quality of YouTube videos on LP was poor. Therefore, until a screening tool is available for selection of high-quality YouTube videos, trainees must resort to peer-reviewed video platforms.
    Keywords:  YouTube; children; e-learning; laparoscopic pyloromyotomy; operative videos
  9. BMC Public Health. 2021 Oct 07. 21(1): 1799
      BACKGROUND: Technical information regarding health-related advances is sometimes esoteric for the general public. News media, therefore, plays a key role in public health promotion via health information conveyance. In this study, we use China as a sample country and analyze the claims and frames in news coverage of health-related advances, with special focus on news coverage of the development and performance of newly developed or tested drugs.METHODS: A keyword search was performed to retrieve news articles from four representative news agencies in China. In total, 3029 news reports were retrieved, of which 128 were selected for further analysis.
    RESULTS: Four aspects of news coverage of drug development were identified: (1) the characteristics of new drugs covered, (2) the sources of information, (3) the accuracy of health information in newspapers, and (4) textual features of news coverage.
    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that guidelines should be established to facilitate more systematic news reporting on health-related advances. Additionally, literacy among the general public and professionalism in health information conveyance should be promoted to negate the "illusion of knowing" about health-related advances.
    Keywords:  Chinese news media; Drug development; Health information conveyance; Illusion of knowing
  10. PeerJ Comput Sci. 2021 ;7 e667
      Question answering (QA) is a hot field of research in Natural Language Processing. A big challenge in this field is to answer questions from knowledge-dependable domain. Since traditional QA hardly satisfies some knowledge-dependable situations, such as disease diagnosis, drug recommendation, etc. In recent years, researches focus on knowledge-based question answering (KBQA). However, there still exist some problems in KBQA, traditional KBQA is limited by a range of historical cases and takes too much human labor. To address the problems, in this paper, we propose an approach of knowledge graph based question answering (KGQA) method for medical domain, which firstly constructs a medical knowledge graph by extracting named entities and relations between the entities from medical documents. Then, in order to understand a question, it extracts the key information in the question according to the named entities, and meanwhile, it recognizes the questions' intentions by adopting information gain. The next an inference method based on weighted path ranking on the knowledge graph is proposed to score the related entities according to the key information and intention of a given question. Finally, it extracts the inferred candidate entities to construct answers. Our approach can understand questions, connect the questions to the knowledge graph and inference the answers on the knowledge graph. Theoretical analysis and real-life experimental results show the efficiency of our approach.
    Keywords:  Knowledge graph; Medical domain; Question answering; Weighted path ranking