bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2021‒06‒27
nineteen papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. . 2020 Nov;46(6): 102256
      Libraries increasingly seek to support the mental health and well-being of students. This study reports on the results of a survey examining the range of such support activities offered by UK academic libraries prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior to the pandemic libraries' emphasis was on new library specific services such as a fiction collection, a type of initiative taken to proactively align with institutional policy. During the pandemic focus shifted somewhat to addressing the anxiety related to finding e-resources. Drawing on the survey data a holistic model of library support for student mental health and well-being is developed, capturing its eight different aspects: inherent library value, library services impact, well-being as a library service, detection, hosting, signposting, library as a good partner and library staff well-being. This represents a framework through which to examine how an academic library can support student mental health and well-being, and complements the "whole university" approach being increasingly adopted in the UK.
    Keywords:  Alignment; Bibliotherapy; COVID-19; Mental health; Pandemic; Well-being
  2. . 2020 Sep;46(5): 102191
      Many studies have attempted to measure the workplace morale of academic librarians through related variables such as job satisfaction. Other studies have taken a qualitative or phenomenological approach to understanding workplace morale. This exploratory study has two objectives: (1) to quantitatively measure the workplace morale of academic librarians to set an initial baseline measure for future research and (2) to analyze the variables that impact academic librarian morale with an emphasis on the variables that academic library supervisors directly influence. Findings suggest the workplace morale of academic librarians is predicted by several variables within a supervisor's influence including feedback, work autonomy, and supervisor qualities such as communication, transparency, and empowering subordinates. Outside of a small negative relationship to age and work experience, demographics were largely found to not be a predictor of workplace morale. This study also evaluated workplace morale as a predictor of turnover intention in academic librarians. There was a strong statistically significant negative correlation between workplace morale and the turnover intention of academic librarians.
    Keywords:  Academic librarians; Affective commitment; Feedback; Job satisfaction; Supervisor; Turnover intention; Work autonomy; Workplace morale
  3. . 2020 Nov;46(6): 102226
      The paper examined the role of academic libraries in the evolving paradigm shift in teaching methodologies in Nigerian universities as a result of the outbreak of Covid-19. It x-rayed the current global trends in online education and significant roles libraries can play. Responsive library website design and adoption, adoption of blended librarianship model and use of social networks among others were identified as best practices to adopt in order to secure a place for libraries in Nigeria in the face of the eminent change in teaching methodologies post Covid-19. Furthermore, the study considered perceived challenges libraries may be confronted with in deploying relevant ICT infrastructures geared towards transitioning from traditional to online provision of services in support of teaching and learning. The paper recommended dynamism in library service delivery, urgency in the acquisition of new skill sets by academic librarians in Nigeria, while also calling on relevant stakeholders to provide adequate funding for libraries in order to be able to deploy relevant ICT infrastructures needed to adequately support teaching and learning in a virtual environment.
    Keywords:  Covid-19 pandemic; Nigeria; Online education; Universities; University libraries
  4. Health Info Libr J. 2021 Jun 22.
      BACKGROUND: Health library and information professionals need continuing professional development to update their skills and knowledge. There is very limited evidence on the training needs of medical librarians in Nigeria.OBJECTIVES: To identify the training needs of medical librarians in Nigeria, principally the content topics required, preferred formats of training, and barriers to training.
    METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to 94 registered members of the Medical Library Association of Nigeria.
    RESULTS: The majority of the 64 medical librarian respondents wanted training in information systems and technology usage. The respondents also indicated that they prefer participating in seminar/workshops and being involved in face-to-face courses. Very few of the respondents have attended any specialist training aimed at their work in the medical field. The foremost challenge identified is the high cost of training.
    DISCUSSION: This study confirmed that the librarianship degree acquired from library schools only serves as a foundation for medical librarians, and it does not provide the specific subject training required to work successfully as medical librarians.
    CONCLUSION: There is a gap in knowledge base of medical librarians in Nigeria that needs to be filled by specific on-the-job training and courses which are affordable.
    Keywords:  Africa, west; ICT training; continuing professional development; education and training; librarians, clinical; library and information professionals; surveys
  5. . 2020 Sep;46(5): 102201
      As academic libraries continue to face acquisition budget challenges, collaborative collection development (CCD) offers greater opportunities to fulfill the core role of library collecting and collection management, namely, to provide enhanced access to the widest variety of relevant resources in the most cost-responsible manner possible. Libraries have successfully implemented CCD projects of various types, and as a result, have achieved these needed cost savings. The authors conducted survey research to investigate current CCD activities and librarians' perceptions of its benefits, drawbacks, elements contributing to successful CCD programs, and possible obstacles to success. Library collections consist of a variety of material formats and librarians have applied CCD models to maintain needed access to these resources, shifting from ownership to access, all in support of building collective collections. The survey results found that, although challenges can exist, application of CCD activities have realized substantial benefits, financial and otherwise, for academic libraries overall.
    Keywords:  Collaborative collection development; Collection management; Collective collections; Cooperative collection development; Coordinated collection development; Survey research
  6. . 2020 Sep;46(5): 102215
      White papers - reports conveying research or recommendations on a complex issue - arrive in the inboxes of academic librarians, along with an obligation to monitor them if they can help one's library or university. They seem to invariably disappoint, the written equivalent of empty calories. This paper asks: is this true? If so, how so? And why? To answer, a selection method produced a modest subset of current, topical white papers to analyze - hence this article as a fragment on recent, topical white papers. A simple discourse analysis was performed to find if there was a broad pattern the documents followed, and if a more analysis was required. A clue as to why this pattern prevailed came from criticisms of prognostications about the current pandemic (as of this writing), leading to a return to the reports: who authored them, and how they are situated in political-sociological terms in LIS discourse? The concluding findings fit with earlier analyses, suggesting much about prestige in LIS and how that is maintained, how practices are (and are not) formulated - and what that has to do with the white papers.
    Keywords:  Elites; LIS think tanks; Pluralism; Political sociology; White papers
  7. Res Synth Methods. 2021 Jun 25.
      Non-English language articles are commonly excluded from published systematic reviews. The high cost associated with professional translation services and associated time commitment are often cited as barriers. Whilst there is debate as to the impact of excluding such articles from systematic reviews, doing so can introduce various biases. In order to encourage researchers to consider including these articles in future reviews, this paper aims to reflect on the experience and process of conducting a systematic review which included non-English language articles. It provides an overview of the different approaches used to identify sources of low-cost translation support and considers the relative merits of, among others, seeking support through universities, social media, word-of-mouth, and use of personal contacts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Keywords:  Bias; Cost savings; Language; Research activities; Systematic review; Translations
  8. JBI Evid Synth. 2021 Jun 23.
      ABSTRACT: A systematic review involves the identification, evaluation, and synthesis of the best-available evidence to provide an answer to a specific question. The "best-available evidence" is, in many cases, a peer-reviewed scientific article published in an academic journal that details the conduct and results of a scientific study. Any potential threat to the validity of these individual studies (and hence the resultant synthesis) must be evaluated and critiqued.In science, predatory journals continue to rise. Studies published in predatory journals may be of lower quality and more likely to be impacted by fraud and error compared to studies published in traditional journals. This poses a threat to the validity of systematic reviews that include these studies and, therefore, the translation of evidence into guidance for policy and practice. Despite the challenges predatory journals present to systematic reviewers, there is currently little guidance regarding how they should be managed.In 2020, a subgroup of the JBI Scientific Committee was formed to investigate this issue. In this overview paper, we introduce predatory journals to systematic reviewers, outline the problems they present, their potential impact on systematic reviews, and some alternative strategies for consideration of studies from predatory journals in systematic reviews. Options for systematic reviewers could include: excluding all studies from suspected predatory journals, applying additional strategies to forensically examine the results of studies published in suspected predatory journals, stringent search limits, and applying analytical techniques (such as subgroup or sensitivity analyses) to investigate the impact of suspected predatory journals in a synthesis.
  9. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2021 Jun 23.
      ABSTRACT: Nurse educators require information literacy (IL) to use evidence-based practices to design, develop, deliver, and evaluate education; to participate in research and scholarship of teaching and learning; and to disseminate new practices and evidence to the nursing education community. A needs assessment of students and faculty revealed knowledge deficits with IL for master of science in nursing-nurse educator students. A multidisciplinary team, guided by relevant theories, created an online applied learning and reflective tutorial to address the identified needs. Evaluation of students' participation indicated the tutorial served as an engaging resource and provided foundational knowledge of IL skills.
  10. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jun 21. pii: S1878-8750(21)00903-7. [Epub ahead of print]
      OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of YouTube videos on meningioma treatment.METHODS: A search was performed on YouTube using the keywords "meningioma treatment", "meningeal tumor treatment", "meningioma brain tumor treatment", "meningioma cure", and "meningioma therapy". Sixty-one videos were independently evaluated by two fifth-year medical students using the DISCERN scoring system for quality analysis. Quantitative data such as video length, source of upload, and popularity and their associations with DISCERN scores were also evaluated.
    RESULTS: The mean total DISCERN score was 36.4. Approximately a third of YouTube videos were classified as very poor, 32.8% as poor, 11.5% as fair, 16.4% as good, and 4.9% as excellent. The question "Does the video refer to areas of uncertainty?" obtained the lowest score (2.0) and the question "Does the video describe how each treatment works?" obtained the highest score (3.0). Videos authored by a health information channel had the highest mean total DISCERN score (46.7, SD = 14.6). Videos had a significantly higher DISCERN scores if they included information about the symptoms of meningioma, risk factors during treatment, prognosis or included animations and diagrams. DISCERN scores were moderately positively correlated with duration of videos and referrers and moderately negatively correlated with number of channel subscribers, video power index, and average daily views.
    CONCLUSION: The information content on meningioma treatment in YouTube videos was generally poor. The impact of inaccurate YouTube videos on patients' understanding of meningioma treatment must be recognized by healthcare professionals.
    Keywords:  DISCERN; Meningioma; YouTube; internet; patient education; quality of information
  11. Int J Impot Res. 2021 Jun 25.
      Although YouTube video is one of the most widely used and easily accessible information sharing sources, its widespread use can carry the risk of spreading misleading and unreliable information. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy, reliability, quality, and content of the most viewed YouTube videos related to Peyronie's disease treatment. The keywords of "penile curvature", "penile deformity", "bent penis" "curved penis", and "Peyronie's disease" were searched on YouTube. Among 700 YouTube videos, 267 videos were included in the study. They were categorized by two independent urologists with board certification as accurate information (n = 138, 51.7%) or inaccurate information (n = 129, 48.3%). Accurate videos contained information about the treatment of Peyronie's disease with proven scientific accuracy according to the current guidelines, whereas inaccurate videos contained scientifically unproven or incorrect information and recommendations not in the guidelines. A 5-point modified DISCERN scale and Global Quality Score were used for reliability and quality assessment. Although the accurate information group had a significantly higher DISCERN Score (3, IQR = 3-4 vs. 1, IQR = 1-2, p < .001) and Global Quality Score (5, IQR = 4-5 vs. 2, IQR = 1-3 p < 0.001); the number of views per day (10.37, IQR = 3.01-28.12 vs. 6.65, IQR = 1.55-27.87) and likes (36, IQR = 6-145 vs. 19.5, IQR = 4-121.7) were higher but not significant in the inaccurate information group. The majority of the videos in the inaccurate information group were uploaded by medical advertisement/for profit companies (51.2%) and individual users/patients (38.8%), whereas universities/professional organizations/nonprofit physician/physician groups constituted the majority in the accurate information group (60.9%). According to our findings, videos containing inaccurate information are more popular. People should be made aware that they should not immediately believe the videos containing medical advertisements without consulting nonprofit physicians.
  12. J Laryngol Otol. 2021 Jun 22. 1-4
      OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the quality and readability of websites on chronic rhinosinusitis.METHODS: A total of 180 results from 3 different search engines regarding 'chronic rhinosinusitis', 'sinusitis' and 'sinus infections' were analysed for readability using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score and Gunning Fog Index. The Discern tool was used to approximate information quality.
    RESULTS: From 180 total searches, 69 unique websites were identified. These had an average Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level of 9.75 (95 per cent confidence interval = 9.12-10.4), a Flesch Reading Ease Score of 45.0 (41.0-49.0) and a Gunning Fog Index of 13.7 (12.9-14.4), which equates to the average reading level of a college or university student. Discern scores were variable but consistently showed good-quality information.
    CONCLUSION: Chronic rhinosinusitis information is of a high quality but is for a reading level higher than that of the average adult. Standardising patient information should ensure adequate comprehension and improve patient compliance.
    Keywords:  Nasal Polyps; Otolaryngology; Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases; Sinusitis
  13. Br Dent J. 2021 Jun;230(12): 831-834
      Introduction Dental implants are a popular option for replacing missing teeth. When searching for information regarding dental implants, patients may first look to their dental practice website. The aim of this study was to assess the variance of patient information provided regarding implant complications on dental implant practice websites.Materials and methods Inclusion criteria for this study were dental practices within the Greater Glasgow & Clyde health board and practices with an active website. Completeness was assessed using a six-point score based on the British Association of Oral Surgeons 'Information for patients' leaflet and Association of Dental Implantology 'Considering dental implants? - A patient's guide to dental implant treatment' leaflet.Results In total, 90.7% (n = 107) of practices provided accessible implant information on their websites. However, only 37.3% (n = 44) mentioned one or more specified dental implant complications. Pain/discomfort was the most frequently stated complication (n = 41/118); implant failure was only mentioned by 19 practices (16%). The mean number of complications mentioned by the 118 practices offering dental implants was 1.1.Discussion As implant dentistry grows, there may be concerns over patient expectations. To overcome lack of quality assurance on the internet, dentists can provide factual information on their websites. They should be aware of their duty to provide material that is accurate, honest, informative and not potentially misleading.
  14. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2021 Jun 22.
      Dear Editor, Patients are increasingly seeking health-related information on social media, including TikTok™, the world's fastest growing social media platform with over 2 billion downloads.1,2 TikTok™ users are generally young (63.5% of users worldwide are less than 24 years old), and accordingly, health issues such as acne are of particular concern in this demographic.1 However, misinformation can dissuade patients from pursuing treatment, particularly isotretinoin.2,3 In this cross-sectional study, we analysed the most popular TikTok™ videos under hashtags: #isotretinoin, #accutane and #roaccutane to determine their quality of medical information. After application of the inclusion criteria (video related to isotretinoin, in English and non-duplicate), 350 eligible videos were included in the final analysis (Figure 1). Descriptive characteristics of video content were categorised according to uploader type and content: previous treatments and/or history of acne, benefits of isotretinoin, adverse events, laboratory monitoring and dosing schedule (Table 1). Each video was given a quality rating of good, fair, poor or no health-related information (Table 2). A linear regression model assessed the association between number of likes (log transformed due to skewness) and video quality. Of the eligible videos, the majority (n=235, 67.1%) did not provide any medical information. 48(13.7%), 53(15.1%) and 14(4.0%) videos provided poor-quality, fair-quality and good-quality medical information respectively. Most videos categorised under 'no medical information' (n=211, 89.8%) were non-verbal montages of acne improvement. The benefits of isotretinoin were covered in 18 videos (5.1%). Cheilitis (n=39, 11.1%) was the most commonly reported adverse event, followed by xerosis (n=23, 6.6%), teratogenicity (n=18, 5.1%), mood lability (n=15, 4.3%) and arthralgias (n=7, 2.0%). Laboratory monitoring was mentioned in 12 videos (3.4%) and dosages were mentioned in 6 videos (1.7%).
  15. J Registry Manag. 2021 ;48(1): 44-45
  16. Transl Behav Med. 2021 Jun 23. pii: ibab086. [Epub ahead of print]
      Using information communication technologies as information sources of COVID-19 was associated with psychological problems, but mechanisms remain uncertain. We examined associations of COVID-19 information sources and information overload with psychological distress symptoms and explored the mediating effect of information overload in Hong Kong. A random sample of Chinese adults (N = 1501; 52.6% females; 55.0% aged 30-59) from dual landline and online surveys in April 2020 reported frequency of using traditional media, internet websites, social networking sites, instant messaging, and online discussion forums as COVID-19 information sources. Psychological distress symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire 4-item ([PHQ-4]; 0-12). Information overload defined as a perception of being overwhelmed was measured (1-6). Linear regressions were performed to analyze the associations, and the mediating effect of information overload was examined. Greater PHQ-4 score was observed for frequent use of internet websites (adjusted b = 0.58, 95% CI 0.29, 0.87, adjusted β = 0.12) and online discussion forums (adjusted b = 0.39, 95% CI 0.08, 0.70, adjusted β = 0.08) and information overload (adjusted b = 0.54, 95% CI 0.44, 0.63, adjusted β = 0.28). Information overload mediated 44.9% and 36.9% of associations of frequent use of internet websites and online discussion forums with PHQ-4 score, respectively. Frequent use of social networking sites was associated with lower PHQ-4 score (adjusted b = -0.37, 95% CI -0.69, -0.04, adjusted β = -0.07) partially through lower information overload (37.5%). Psychological distress symptoms were associated with frequent use of internet websites and online discussion forums as COVID-19 information sources, which were mediated through information overload.
    Keywords:  COVID-19; Infodemic; Information communication technologies; Information overload; Psychological distress
  17. PeerJ Comput Sci. 2021 ;7 e524
      From the past half of a century, identification of the relevant documents is deemed an active area of research due to the rapid increase of data on the web. The traditional models to retrieve relevant documents are based on bibliographic information such as Bibliographic coupling, Co-citations, and Direct citations. However, in the recent past, the scientific community has started to employ textual features to improve existing models' accuracy. In our previous study, we found that analysis of citations at a deep level (i.e., content level) can play a paramount role in finding more relevant documents than surface level (i.e., just bibliography details). We found that cited and citing papers have a high degree of relevancy when in-text citations frequency of the cited paper is more than five times in the citing paper's text. This paper is an extension of our previous study in terms of its evaluation of a comprehensive dataset. Moreover, the study results are also compared with other state-of-the-art approaches i.e., content, metadata, and bibliography. For evaluation, a user study is conducted on selected papers from 1,200 documents (comprise about 16,000 references) of an online journal, Journal of Computer Science (J.UCS). The evaluation results indicate that in-text citation frequency has attained higher precision in finding relevant papers than other state-of-the-art techniques such as content, bibliographic coupling, and metadata-based techniques. The use of in-text citation may help in enhancing the quality of existing information systems and digital libraries. Further, more sophisticated measure may be redefined be considering the use of in-text citations.
    Keywords:  Citations; Digital Libraries; In-text Citation; Relevant Documents