bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2021‒05‒16
eighteen papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 188-204
      The UCLA Science Libraries improved upon our single service points by creating a team-based, tiered research assistance model to foster student employee skill development. This model was further developed to expand training for public services staff, enabling librarians and student research assistants to move beyond desk-based services. This multi-phased approach involved restructured training and the development of collaborative, tiered services. Librarians utilized train-the-trainer sessions, detailed documentation toolkits, and a robust outreach plan to ensure success. After initial implementation of this new model, librarians observed above average use of the service and excellent user feedback. Its versatility has also played a direct role in the successful transition from physical to virtual services in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.
    Keywords:  Employee training; peer-to-peer services; reference training; research services; student employees
  2. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 151-167
      Between 2018 and 2019, the librarians at the Strauss Health Sciences Library improved the efficiency and reach of their reference service by implementing four small-scale changes. These changes included revising the method of collecting statistics, creating FAQs, utilizing an appointment scheduler, and launching proactive chat. This case study will provide the background and research to support these changes, details on how the changes were implemented using Springshare tools, as well as the results and implications. Finally, the librarians will share their lessons learned along with recommendations for institutions interested in adopting similar changes.
    Keywords:  Appointment scheduling; COVID-19; FAQs; case study; health sciences libraries; library services; library statistics; proactive chat; reference services
  3. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 168-187
      This article provides a comprehensive summary of clinical librarian service models in the US, Canada, and the UK from a cross-sectional study. An online survey received 182 responses from clinical librarians in hospital (62%), academic (26%), and other (10%) libraries. These clinical librarians shared the services they provide, patrons they work with, and their perceptions of the value they add to clinical environments. Overall, this study quantifies the services offered most frequently by clinical librarians, the services felt to be most valuable, and the variety of health care clientele whom clinical librarians serve. These findings have implications for current clinical librarians, libraries and health care institutions, and for those who may become clinical librarians in the future.
    Keywords:  Clinical librarians; health sciences librarianship; hospital librarians
  4. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 236-248
      Understanding of the alignment of key concepts in both evidence-based dentistry and information literacy could lead to greater collaboration between librarians and dental faculty. To identify these areas of partnership, a group of dental librarians from across North America created a rubric aligning information literacy concepts with competencies from dental education groups in the United States and Canada. The process included identifying relevant competencies, determining information literacy concepts for each competency, and adding learning outcomes scaled by Bloom's Taxonomy. The resulting rubric is useful for advocating librarian involvement in dental education curriculum, communication with dental faculty, and instruction planning.
    Keywords:  Curriculum; dental education; evidence-based dentistry; information literacy; standards
  5. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 215-223
      As an initiative of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) is a recurring, cross-sectional national survey to assess how adults in the United States access and use health information, their perceptions of health risk, and their participation in health-promoting or health-risking behaviors with an emphasis on cancer-related topics. The HINTS website (<>) gives free public access to all HINTS survey materials, data, and analyses. HINTS data can be used to inform the design and evaluation of cancer control and other health related communication programs, and serve as a starting point for further independent research. This article provides an overview of the resources available at (<>) and suggests factors to bear in mind while navigating the site.
    Keywords:  Cancer control; health communication; health literacy; online databases; population health; review
  6. Soc Netw Anal Min. 2021 ;11(1): 45
      The COVID-19 pandemic has seen the rise of many unique online narratives through social media and other sources. They can range from theories about the origin of the virus, to misinformation regarding personal health measures. Such narratives have a direct impact on public health and safety. In an effort to inform the general public and with support of the Arkansas Attorney General's office our team sought to keep track of narratives for research purposes and provide near-real-time public documentation via a website with two main goals. The first is to track every unique narrative as curated by our analysts. This allows individuals to fact-check the information they consume. The second goal is to relay recommendations to the State Attorney General on how to detect such misinformation and avoid fraud and scams seeking to profit from this online fear and chaos. This paper showcases our website as well as some research findings from the data we collected. More broadly, this effort showcases a unique collaboration between scientists and policy makers to stem the flow of misinformation during a major public health crisis.
    Keywords:  COVID-19; Disinformation; Misinfodemic; Misinformation; Narratives; Social media
  7. Med Ref Serv Q. 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):40(2): 205-214
      The establishment of an Evidence-based Practice (EBP) project repository for clinical nurses to access via a hospital intranet allowed for hospital librarians to collaborate with nurse scientists. This project resulted in not only a repository but also led to the involvement of librarians earlier in the research process and led to more options to track how the completed projects were utilized by clinicians. These two outcomes in particular allowed for further involvement of librarians in the Magnet reaccreditation process. Additionally, the contributions of the librarians raised awareness of the roles they can take in EBP and Magnet efforts.
    Keywords:  Collaboration; Magnet accreditation; evidence-based practice projects repository; librarian; nurse scientist
  8. Am J Emerg Med. 2021 Apr 29. pii: S0735-6757(21)00356-9. [Epub ahead of print]
    Keywords:  Health literacy; Readability
  9. Perm J. 2021 May;25
      INTRODUCTION: Headache is experienced by more than half of the world population each year. In this study, we evaluate the content, quality, and health literacy required to understand online information for patients with headaches.METHODS: We selected 4 commonly used search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, and and searched using the term "headache." The 30 top hits on each site were selected for review. After exclusions, we examined the websites for completeness of content, readability, credibility, and quality.
    RESULTS: A total of 28 websites were included. None of the websites met our criteria for completeness. Using 2 standard measures of readability, most websites required reading skills at the 10th-grade level or greater. Only 4 of the 28 websites were readable below the eighth-grade level. Only 3 websites fulfilled all 4 credibility criteria of authorship, currency, citations, and disclosure. Most websites did not list authorship, and only 17% reported disclosures of conflicts of interest. When assessing quality of treatment information using the DISCERN tool, scores ranged from 23 to 59, with a mean score of 41, which could be interpreted as "fair" quality.
    CONCLUSIONS: We found variable content and quality in online headache websites for patients. Many of these websites failed to disclose information about authorship, conflicts of interest, and details on the prognosis or prevention of headaches. Readability, credibility, completeness, and quality of information were lacking in most websites.
  10. Global Spine J. 2021 May 12. 21925682211015955
      STUDY DESIGN: A quality-control Internet-based study using recognized quality scoring systems.OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the quality, content and readability of online information on kyphosis.
    METHODS: The 3 most frequently used search engines were identified and a search for "Kyphosis" was made in each. The 2 reviewers categorized their Web-sites by type, and the quality of each was assessed using well-known scoring systems, including the DISCERN score, JAMA benchmark, GQS, and the kyphosis specific content score. The Flesch-Kincaid grade level (FKGL) was used to assess the readability. The quality of the information was also evaluated according to the presence and absence of the HONcode.
    RESULTS: Sixty unique Web sites were identified and analyzed. The distribution of the categories was 33 (55%) medical, 22 (36.7%) academic, 2 (3.3%) non-physician, 2 (3.3%) commercial and 1 (1.7%) physician. There wasn't statistically significant difference between the sources in terms of DISCERN, JAMA, GQS and KSC scores (P > 0.05). However, a review of the FKGL scores revealed that the academic-based websites' FKGL score was significantly higher than the medical-based websites (P: 0.007). Also there wasn't statistically significant difference among the DISCERN, JAMA, GQS, KSC, FKRS and FKGL scores of the web-sites according to the HON code's presence (P > 0.05).
    CONCLUSION: Information about kyphosis on the Internet is of limited quality and low information value. The readability of the online information in our results showed a significantly higher reading level than the sixth grade level recommended by the AMA and NIH.
    Keywords:  information; internet; kyphosis; patient education; search engine; website
  11. Semin Ophthalmol. 2021 May 11. 1-6
      INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown patient education material (PEM) in ophthalmology has been written at levels exceeding appropriate reading levels. However, information for readability in the field of oculoplastics remains limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the readability of patient educational brochures from the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS).METHODS: Patient educational brochures from ASOPRS were analyzed for readability. The body of text from all 18 ASOPRS patient brochures was analyzed by ten validated tests for English readability assessment: Flesch Reading Ease Test (FRE), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), Coleman-Liau Index (CLI), Gunning Fog Index (GFI), New Dale-Chall Readability (NDC), FORCAST, Fry Graph Readability (FG), Raygor Readability Estimate (RRE), and New Fog Count (NFC).
    RESULTS: The mean (± SD) readability scores from the 18 ASOPRS patient brochures were 48 (4.3), 11.0 (0.8), 13.0 (0.7), 11.7 (0.8), 13.6 (0.9), 11.3 (0.8), 11.1 (0.5), 12.1 (1.5), 12.2 (1.0), and 10.6 (1.3) for FRE, FKGL, SMOG, CLI, GFI, NDC, FORCAST, FG, RRE, and NFC, respectively. All ten of the mean readability scores were above the recommended reading levels.
    CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that the average patient may have difficulty understanding educational information provided by ASOPRS patient brochures, thereby hindering their ability to make informed decisions on their healthcare. Revision with readability as a primary goal, with input from patients and caregivers, may be necessary to improve health literacy among patients who seek oculoplastic care.
    Keywords:  Health literacy; Patient education; oculoplastic; readability
  12. J Med Internet Res. 2021 May 12.
      BACKGROUND: People engage in health information seeking behavior (HISB) to support health outcomes. Being able to predict a person's behavior can inform the development of interventions to guide effective health information seeking. Obtaining a comprehensive list of the predictors of HISB through a systematic search of the literature and exploring the inter-relationship of these predictors are important first steps in this process.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to; identify significant predictors of HISB in the primary literature; develop a common taxonomy for predictors of HISB; and identify the evolution of the HISB research field.
    METHODS: A systematic search of PsycINFO, Scopus and PubMed was conducted for all years up to and including 10/12/2019. Quantitative studies identifying significant predictors of HISB were included. Information seeking was defined broadly and not restricted to any one source of health information. Data extraction of the significant predictors was performed by two authors. A network analysis was conducted to observe relationships between predictors over time.
    RESULTS: A total of 9549 articles were retrieved, and after screening, 344 studies were retained for analysis. A total of 1595 significant predictors were identified. These predictors were categorized into 67 predictor categories. The most central predictors were age, education, gender, health condition and financial income. Over time, the inter-relationship of predictors in the network became denser, with the growth of new predictor grouping reaching saturation (1 new predictor identified) in the past 7 years, despite increasing publication rates.
    CONCLUSIONS: A common taxonomy was developed, classifying 67 significant predictors of HISB. A time-aggregated network method was developed to track the evolution of research in HISB field, showing a maturation of new predictor terms and an increase in primary studies reporting multiple significant predictors of HISB. HISB research literature has experienced evolution with decreased characterization of novel predictors of HISB over time. A parallel increase in the complexity of predicting HISB has been identified with an increase in literature describing multiple significant predictors of HISB.
  13. J Biomed Inform. 2021 May 06. pii: S1532-0464(21)00128-3. [Epub ahead of print] 103799
      Recognition of biomedical entities from literature is a challenging research focus, which is the foundation for extracting a large amount of biomedical knowledge existing in unstructured texts into structured formats. Using the sequence labeling framework to implement biomedical named entity recognition (BioNER) is currently a conventional method. This method, however, often cannot take full advantage of the semantic information in the dataset, and the performance is not always satisfactory. In this work, instead of treating the BioNER task as a sequence labeling problem, we formulate it as a machine reading comprehension (MRC) problem. This formulation can introduce more prior knowledge utilizing well-designed queries, and no longer need decoding processes such as conditional random fields (CRF). We conduct experiments on six BioNER datasets, and the experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. Our method achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) performance on the BC4CHEMD, BC5CDR-Chem, BC5CDR-Disease, NCBI-Disease, BC2GM and JNLPBA datasets, achieving F1-scores of 92.92%, 94.19%, 87.83%, 90.04%, 85.48% and 78.93%, respectively.
    Keywords:  MRC; NER; machine reading comprehension; named entity recognition; text mining
  14. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 May 19. 103(10): e41
      BACKGROUND: Results from systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which have the highest level of evidence (Level I), often drive clinical decision-making and health policy. Often, unpublished trial data are omitted from systematic reviews, raising concerns about the extent of the reliability and validity of results that have been drawn from systematic reviews. We aimed to determine the extent to which systematic review authors include searches of clinical trial registries for unpublished data when conducting systematic reviews in orthopaedic surgery.METHODS: Systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses were gathered from the top 5 orthopaedic surgery journals based on the h5-index from Google Scholar Metrics. Systematic reviews that had been published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, which requires the inclusion of a clinical trial registry search, served as controls. For the primary outcome, each systematic review from the top 5 orthopaedic journals was screened to determine whether the authors of each study searched for unpublished data in clinical trial registries. We then compared the rate of registry searches with those in the control group. For the secondary analysis, a search of was performed for unpublished trial data for 100 randomized systematic reviews.
    RESULTS: All 38 of the Cochrane systematic reviews (100%) included clinical trial registry searches, while the top 5 orthopaedic journals had only 31 of 480 studies (6.5%) that looked at clinical trial registries. The secondary analysis yielded 59 of 100 systematic review articles (59.0%) that could have included unpublished clinical trial data from ≥1 studies to their sample.
    CONCLUSIONS: Systematic reviews that have been published in the top orthopaedic surgery journals seldom included a search for unpublished clinical trial data.
    CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The exclusion of clinical trial registry searches potentially contributes to publication bias within the orthopaedic literature. Moving forward, systematic review authors should include clinical trial registry searches for unpublished clinical trial data to provide the most accurate representation of the available evidence for systematic reviews and meta-analyses.