bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2020‒06‒21
ten papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Health Info Libr J. 2020 Jun 15.
    Johnson F.
      The 2020 virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) is published to link to the CILIP Health Libraries Group Conference which was to take place in Scotland 22-25th July. Whilst the conference was postponed in light of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, its themes of (i) Working in Partnership; (ii) Resilience and Well-being; (iii) Public and Patient involvement; (iv) Quality Impact and Metrics; and (v) Improvement and Innovation have nevertheless provided the basis on which to compile this virtual issue. Overarching these themes is a core value of the HIL profession, to provide relevant, timely and sustainable information services, and the articles selected from HILJ (2018 through to March 2020) contribute to the aim of meeting and going beyond these goals under the conference banner of 'not your average day in the office'. The virtual issue mirrors the format of a regular issue of HILJ, a review article, four original articles and three from our regular features: 'Dissertations into Practice', 'International Perspectives and Initiatives' and 'Teaching and Learning in Action'. The authors come from Canada, China, Croatia, Sweden and the UK. All articles included in this issue are available online.
  2. J Surg Educ. 2020 Jun 15. pii: S1931-7204(20)30090-8. [Epub ahead of print]
    Lovasik BP, Rutledge H, Lawson E, Maithel SK, Delman KA.
      INTRODUCTION: Surgical morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference is a primary educational endeavor for trainees and faculty alike. Case presentations are enhanced by inclusion of clinical evidence; however, trainees are frequently limited in their ability to collect and share this type of material.METHODS: A surgical evidence web log ("blog") was created in partnership between the Clinical Librarian Service and the Department of Surgery. A clinical librarian attended weekly departmental M&M conferences and reviewed evidence in collaboration with a surgical resident. For each case presented, the clinical librarian created an evidence-based blog post based on specific learning topics encountered in the routine discussion of the M&M conference. The goal of this surgeon-librarian partnership was to enhance M&M's educational value by reinforcing learning topics, serving as a repository of case-based evidence, and involving trainees in evidence-based surgical practice.
    RESULTS: Blog posts included summaries of available evidence, critical reviews of seminal studies, and reviews of evidence-based guidelines framed in the context of the case. New blog posts were promoted via direct links in an existing weekly newsletter sent to all trainees and faculty in the department. Within the first year, surgical residents reported increased interaction with the literature, and 100% reported gaining knowledge that they would otherwise not receive through their standard readings, with 73% of residents using this to influence clinical practice and 87% applying knowledge in test preparation. This surgeon-librarian partnership enforces interdisciplinary collaboration through existing resources, and is highly generalizable to both surgical and medical training programs.
    CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the development of a surgical evidence blog represents an effective resource for promoting evidence-based practices within a case-based learning curriculum. This intervention is the first report in the literature to integrate the expertise and resources of a Clinical Librarian Service with an evidence-based resident educational curriculum in a surgical residency program.
    Keywords:  Clinical librarians; Evidence-based practice; Morbidity and mortality; Web logs
  3. Medwave. 2020 Jun 09. 20(5): e7921
    Urrea G, Carvajal-Juliá N, Arcos C, Pérez-Bracchiglione J.
      Introduction: Despite the growing availability of evidence and sources of information, it is not clear what are the physicians preferences for filling gaps in their medical knowledge.Objective: To summarize the available evidence about physicians preferences and perceived barriers and facilitators about sources of information.
    Methods: We will undertake an overview of systematic reviews according to PRISMA guidelines. We will search Epistemonikos from inception until March 2019. We will also search PROSPERO, and we will perform a forward citation search in Scopus. Inclusion criteria will consider systematic reviews (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods) focusing on physicians preferences about sources of information, as well as perceived barriers and facilitators. Two authors will independently screen and select records for inclusion. We will appraise the quality of included systematic reviews using the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist, and the overlap of primary studies according to the corrected covered area formula. We will conduct a narrative synthesis of quantitative data and a thematic analysis of qualitative findings.
    Discussion: We expect that our findings will contribute to improving the evidence-based general practice by identifying physicians perspectives about different sources of medical information.
    Keywords:   perspectives; preferences; sources of information; physicians
  4. BMC Public Health. 2020 Jun 15. 20(1): 928
    Agyemang-Duah W, Arthur-Holmes F, Peprah C, Adei D, Peprah P.
      BACKGROUND: Exploration of health information-seeking behaviour among older adults with very low incomes is critical in shaping our understanding of how health information is sought in later life. Although studies have focused on health information-seeking behaviour among older people worldwide, subjective views of older adults, especially those with very low incomes in Ghana remain scant. Thus, this study aimed to fill this significant knowledge gap by exploring health information-seeking behaviour among older adults with very low incomes in Ghana.METHODS: In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 30 older adults with very low incomes, 15 caregivers and 15 formal healthcare providers in the Atwima Nwabiagya District of Ghana. A thematic analytical framework was used to analyse the data.
    RESULTS: The study revealed multiple sources of health information to include healthcare providers, family members, media and friends. The kind of health information sought by older adults with very low incomes consisted of information on diets, causes of chronic non-communicable diseases and medication dosage. The study also identified inadequate knowledge about the benefits of seeking health information, perceived poor attitude of healthcare providers and communication problems as the factors that limit older adults with very low incomes from acquiring health information.
    CONCLUSION: An adequate and reliable source of information is essential to promoting the health of older people. Their inability to secure the right health information could further worsen their health status. Thus, the study provides the need for appropriate health policy interventions on the sources and types of health information sought by older adults with very low incomes in Ghana. Healthcare providers are recommended to remain open, friendly and receptive to older people to allow them to seek and obtain health information as they [healthcare providers] constitute the most reliable health information source.
    Keywords:  Ghana; Health information-seeking behaviour; Health policy; Healthcare providers; Older adults with very low incomes
  5. Rev Med Virol. 2020 Jun 15. e2132
    Szmuda T, Syed MT, Singh A, Ali S, Özdemir C, Słoniewski P.
      YouTube is the second most popular website in the world and is increasingly being used as a platform for disseminating health information. Our aim was to evaluate the content-quality and audience engagement of YouTube videos pertaining to the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)-CoV-2 virus which causes the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), during the early phase of the pandemic. We chose the first 30 videos for seven different search phrases: "2019 nCoV," "SARS CoV-2," "COVID-19 virus," "coronavirus treatment," "coronavirus explained," "what is the coronavirus" and "coronavirus information." Video contents were evaluated by two independent medical students with more than 5 years of experience using the DISCERN instrument. Qualitative data, quantitative data and upload source for each video was noted for a quality and audience engagement analysis. Out of the total 210 videos, 137 met our inclusion criteria and were evaluated. The mean DISCERN score was 31.33 out of 75 possible points, which indicates that the quality of YouTube videos on COVID-19 is currently poor. There was excellent reliability between the two raters (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.96). 55% of the videos discussed prevention, 49% discussed symptoms and 46% discussed the spread of the virus. Most of the videos were uploaded by news channels (50%) and education channels (40%). The quality of YouTube videos on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 is poor, however, we have listed the top-quality videos in our article as they may be effective tools for patient education during the pandemic.
    Keywords:  2019 nCoV; COVID-19; Internet; SARS-CoV-2; YouTube quality; coronavirus
  6. Pan Afr Med J. 2020 ;35 70
    Oloidi A, Nduaguba SO, Obamiro K.
      Introduction: Hypertension is a global public health burden. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have proven efficacy in the management of hypertension and related complications. The Internet has become a major source of health information for patients and healthcare professionals. The study aimed to assess the quality and readability of internet-based information related to selected Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs).Methods: The three most widely used ARBs were identified from published literature, after which internet-based patient information was identified from the first five pages of three search engines (Google, Yahoo and Bing). Quality of identified websites were assessed using the DISCERN instrument, while readability was evaluated using the SMOG instrument and the Flesch-Kincaid readability algorithm. Final ratings were then calculated as described by the instruments developers. Further, inter-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences.
    Results: The average overall DISCERN score in this study was 2.99 (SD±1.05). No website received an excellent rating, 15% were rated good, 66% as moderate and 19% as poor. The inter-class reliability was 0.804 for losartan and 0.695 for valsartan. The mean Flesch Reading Ease score for the websites was 48.87 (SD±16.12), mean Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level was 9.29 (SD±1.98) while mean SMOG value was 11.29 (SD±1.70).
    Conclusion: Overall, patient information on the reviewed ARBs websites was found to be of moderate quality and suboptimal readability. Content providers on websites should ensure that health information is of favorable quality and easy to read by patients with varying degree of health literacy.
    Keywords:  Health information; irbesartan; losartan; quality; readability; valsartan
  7. Women Birth. 2020 May 29. pii: S1871-5192(20)30249-3. [Epub ahead of print]
    Lee TY, Zhong Y, Zhou J, He X, Kong R, Ji J.
      BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has created anxiety among members of the public, including all women over the childbirth continuum, who are considered to be at a greater risk of contracting most infectious diseases. Understanding the perspectives of health care consumers on COVID-19 will play a crucial role in the development of effective risk communication strategies. This study aimed to examine COVID-19-related risk perceptions, knowledge, and information sources among prenatal and postnatal Chinese women during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was adopted, and a four-section online questionnaire was used to collect data. Using a social media platform, the online survey was administered to 161 participants during the outbreak of COVID-19 in Nanjing, China, in February 2020.
    RESULTS: The participants perceived their risk of contracting and dying from COVID-19 to be lower than their risk of contracting influenza, however many of them were worried that they might contract COVID-19. The participants demonstrated adequate knowledge about COVID-19. The three major sources from which they obtained information about COVID-19 were doctors, nurses/midwives, and the television, and they placed a high level of confidence in these sources. There was no significant relationship between the perceived risk of contracting COVID-19 and knowledge about this disease.
    CONCLUSION: The present findings offer valuable insights to healthcare professionals, including midwives, who serve on the frontline and provide care to pregnant women. Although the participants were adequately knowledgeable about COVID-19, they had misunderstood some of the recommendations of the World Health Organisation.
    Keywords:  COVID-19; China; Information sources; Knowledge; Perceived risk; Pregnancy
  8. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2020 Jun 11. pii: S2211-0348(20)30342-4. [Epub ahead of print]44 102266
    Cárdenas-Robledo S, Navarro CE, Guío-Sánchez CM.
      BACKGROUND: Awareness in the community is an important factor across a wide range of diseases and the communication media have an important role in its promotion. However, misinformation and misguide may take place heightening the expectations of people affected by chronic conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS). This study explores media coverage of MS in a low prevalence country.METHODS: We identified the most important written media at national and local levels and performed a search in their digital archives and social media with the words "Multiple Sclerosis". The articles found were categorized as relevant, and non-relevant. We describe the total number, number of relevant and non-relevant articles published every year, since the earliest found until 2018. We identified the topics covered by the relevant articles and described their distribution and performed a quality evaluation of their content.
    RESULTS: We reviewed the archives of 20 sources. A total of 976 articles where MS was mentioned were reviewed (relevant: 143 [14.6%]; non-relevant: 833 [85.4%]). We observed a steady increase in the annual publication rate, from the first in 1991 up to 107 in 2018. The most frequent covered topic was disease modifying therapies and MS itself, and the least documented topic was rehabilitation. Most of the relevant articles had low quality scores.
    CONCLUSION: The media coverage of different topics MS has risen steadily since its first appearance in the early nineties. This should be encouraged, but caution should be held so misinformation is not propagated. We call for the public to discuss misleading information with their healthcare providers.
    Keywords:  Access to information; Communications media; Medical journalism; Multiple sclerosis
  9. Prz Gastroenterol. 2020 ;15(2): 144-150
    Łaski D, Perdyan A, Spychalski P, Łachiński AJ, Śledziński Z, Tybińkowska A, Kobiela J.
      Introduction: Every year in the USA over 14 million colonoscopies are performed. It requires high-quality examinations as well as a relevant information strategy. Colonoscopy compliance is not satisfactory, which to some extent might be related to patients' attitudes towards colonoscopy, which are based on information and emotions.Aim: In the current study we addressed the questions of what kind of information people seek and get when they search the Internet for "colonoscopy".
    Material and methods: Using the Google Trends web facility we analysed search results of "colonoscopy", related searches, and annual and weekly search trends. Fields of interest analysis was performed based on the related searches.
    Results: Patients are generally offered quality data on the first result page of a Google search biased only by Wikipedia scoring first on the result list. The number of "colonoscopy" searches is stable over the week with a significant decrease on weekends, and stable over the year with significant decrease around Thanksgiving day and in the Christmas/New Year's Eve Period. The most common field of search is colonoscopy preparation, thus underlining the importance of this part of colonoscopy.
    Conclusions: Internet search provides abundant information on colonoscopy. In general, this information is accessible, preferred by patients, and of good quality. This should be kept in mind by healthcare providers while educating patients about colonoscopy.
    Keywords:  Google trends; Internet; colonoscopy; search engine