bims-librar Biomed News
on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2020‒04‒26
twenty-two papers selected by
Thomas Krichel
Open Library Society

  1. Br J Nurs. 2020 Apr 23. 29(8): 481-483
    Key J.
      This article follows on from a previous article on how to carry out a literature search (Watson, 2020) and looks at how you can enhance your search by going beyond journal databases to using search engines, websites and grey literature sources. Ways to evaluate the resources you find, the use of critical appraisal tools and factors to consider when presenting your results are also discussed.
    Keywords:  Critical appraisal; Evaluating resources; Grey literature; Literature search; Search engines
  2. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2019 ;2019 727-734
    Rae AR, Savery ME, Mork JG, Demner-Fushman D.
      MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's premier bibliographic database for biomedical literature. A highly valuable feature of the database is that each record is manually indexed with a controlled vocabulary called MeSH. Most MEDLINE journals are indexed cover-to-cover, but there are about 200 selectively indexed journals for which only articles related to biomedicine and life sciences are indexed. In recent years, the selection process has become an increasing burden for indexing staff, and this paper presents a machine learning based system that offers very significant time savings by semi-automating the task. At the core of the system is a high recall classifier for the identification of journal articles that are in-scope for MEDLINE. The system is shown to reduce the number of articles requiring manual review by 54%, equivalent to approximately 40,000 articles per year.
  3. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 153-164
    Larsen SC, Gibson DS.
      In 2017, Document Delivery Services (DDS) at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Medical Library launched a customer satisfaction survey. The last time a survey of this nature was implemented was in 2009, before switching to ILLiad for the management of resource sharing requests. Due to the changing nature of content accessibility and online research methods, the DDS team felt that the time was right to survey their users again to seek feedback in support of service improvements. Questions were created to evaluate users' satisfaction and knowledge of the service and related resources. New survey results were compared where possible to those received in 2009 to determine if survey results had changed over time. Enhancements were made to the service based on responses received in the 2017 survey.
    Keywords:  Assessment tool; client satisfaction; comprehensive cancer center; document delivery; interlibrary loan; survey
  4. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 174-182
    Glover S, Reagan J.
      The purpose of this article is to highlight the value of a partnership between library services and continuing medical education (CME) teams. Examples of a successful partnership between library services and CME within a health system will be shown. Through team collaboration, library and CME services provide quick access to educational resources and activities which benefit the delivery of optimal health care.
    Keywords:  Continuing medical education; collaboration; library services; partnership; teamwork; value
  5. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr 21. 1-10
    De La Cruz MM, Phan K, Bruce JS.
      OBJECTIVE: To examine the perspectives of librarians and staff about Lunch at the Library, a library-based summer meal programme for children. The study examines: (i) motivating factors behind implementing the meal programme; (ii) issues of feasibility; and (iii) perceived programme outcomes.DESIGN: One-on-one semi-structured interviews with library stakeholders (librarians and staff) from a purposeful sample of California libraries.
    SETTING: Twenty-two library jurisdictions across California that implemented the Lunch at the Library summer meal programme in 2015 in areas of high financial need.
    PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five library stakeholders representing twenty-two of the thirty-three Californian library jurisdictions that implemented Lunch at the Library at their sites.
    RESULTS: Library stakeholders recognised the need for a child meal programme during summer. Despite lack of sufficient resources and personnel, they were motivated to implement the programme not only to fill a community need but also to ensure children at their libraries were primed for learning over the summer. Library stakeholders also perceived the public library's changing role in society as shifting from reference provision to social service provision either directly or by referral.
    CONCLUSIONS: The public library is an ideal place to provide social services because of its accessibility to all. Librarians and library staff are motivated to address the social needs of their communities. This study demonstrates the feasibility of implementing new social programmes at public libraries. Funding to support these programmes would increase the library's capacity to address other community needs.
    Keywords:  Child hunger; Food insecurity; Public library; Social services; Summer meal programme
  6. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 101-112
    Auten B, Croxton R, Tingelstad C.
      A team of librarians developed and implemented a plan to create coordinated library access for all students through the Canvas learning management system. Partnering with campus information technology services, librarians developed a specialized role in Canvas. Librarians also used Springshare's LibApps LTI (learning tools interoperability) to integrate research guides in Canvas, using course metadata to map guides to the appropriate subject or course. Evaluation of the impact of adding a Librarian role and mapping research guides to the Canvas LMS is ongoing and indicates these changes have affected the way students are accessing library resources.
    Keywords:  Embedded librarianship; LTI; learning management systems; research guides
  7. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 183-191
    Louden DN.
      MedGen serves as a portal to information on genetic aspects of human health and disease. Created and maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), it aggregates clinically-relevant content from both NCBI and non-NCBI databases. MedGen summaries and curated links are designed to be particularly useful to health care professionals considering genetic aspects of patient care.
    Keywords:  Genetics; MedGen; NCBI; genomic medicine; health care; online database
  8. J Educ Health Promot. 2020 ;9 28
    Tahmasebi M, Adibi P, Zare-Farashbandi F, Papi A, Rahimi A.
      INTRODUCTION: Due to time constraints and a significant increase in medical information, one of the ways to keep physicians and medical teams up to date is to use evidence-based medicine. The current research focused on the effects of the educational role of clinical informationist (CI) on improving clinical education among medical students based on the Kirkpatrick (KP) model.METHODS: The method was semiexperimental research in two group designed with pretest and posttest. The research population included thirty medical students for each group that was selected by the convenience time-based sequential sampling method. The study data were collected using a researcher-made two questionnaires and a checklist. Data were analyzed by the descriptive statistics and inferential statistics using SPSS version 20 software.
    RESULTS: Based on the first level of the KP model, the total mean of medical students' satisfaction in the experimental group was 4.06 from 5. Based on the second, third, and fourth levels of the model, the independent t-test showed that before the intervention, the mean scores of attitude, knowledge, information-seeking skills and behaviors, and also clinical skills were not significantly different in both the intervention and control groups (P > 0.05). After the intervention, the results of covariance test showed that attitude, knowledge, information-seeking skills and behaviors, and also clinical skills of the intervention group are significantly better than that of the control group (P < 0.001).
    CONCLUSION: Training and the presence of the CIs in the clinical round had resulted in the improved satisfaction, attitude, knowledge, and information-seeking skills while also improving information-seeking behaviors and clinical skills of medical students.
    Keywords:  Clinical education; clinical informationist; clinical librarian; educational program; medical students
  9. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 139-152
    Lorbeer ER.
      There is a growing base of literature describing the importance of improving access to digital and physical academic resources for students with print disabilities. This review aims to explore the experience of medical learners who are print disabled as it relates to improving access to digital and physical resources and removing encountered barriers in the medical library. By applying both the critical disability and self-efficacy theories to persons with print disabilities, librarians can understand learner behavior surrounding motivation, determination, and perceived challenges in using library resources and services.
    Keywords:  Accessibility; medical education; medical libraries; medical students; print disabilities
  10. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 113-124
    Adriani LA, Kipnis DG, Kolbin RI, Verbit D.
      Library liaisons from three universities distributed an anonymous survey to graduate occupational therapy students to gauge preferred methods of communication when conducting research. This article discusses three findings: whom the students prefer to turn to when seeking research assistance, which methods of communication students prefer, and how long students spend searching before asking for assistance. From 193 responses, the liaisons reasoned that students prefer consulting with their peers before seeking help from librarians or faculty or instructors and they prefer assistance face-to-face. Additionally, the majority are willing to research from 30 min to one hour before seeking research help.
    Keywords:  Communication preferences; information literacy; learning preferences; library instruction; occupational therapy students; rehabilitation sciences; teaching
  11. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Apr 21. 194599820922988
    Poonia SK, Rajasekaran K.
      Since COVID-19 was classified as a pandemic, the stream of important information from multiple sources is constant and always changing. As the pandemic evolves, the need to report relevant information to frontline providers remains crucial. A 1-page centralized document termed a "quicksheet" was developed to include guidelines, policies, and practical information and to serve as a reference tool for our clinicians. It was updated and distributed frequently, up to once daily. It was initially embraced as an important resource for resident physicians and then quickly adopted by the entire department as a necessary reference and communication tool during the ongoing crisis. The quicksheet has been a beneficial tool to distill and organize the most important and relevant information for frontline staff, and we hope that it can serve as a template for departments and health care workers in other hospital systems to adopt.
    Keywords:  COVID-19; communication; coronavirus; frontline; information; pandemic
  12. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 165-173
    Scull A.
      The aim of this exploratory study was to identify the sources of information provided in Google preview features, specifically the knowledge panels and featured snippets, when searching for health information online, with the goal of informing the development of consumer health programs and materials. In a search of the top ten health-related Google searches of 2018, the quality of information sources in the preview content varied both within and between sources. Librarians' knowledge of how a Google search responds to health inquiries of local interest can help them fill in gaps and curate or create more informative health materials for consumers.
    Keywords:  Consumer health; Google; search engines
  13. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 211-217
    Pepper C.
      Instruction is a competency included in the Medical Library Association's list of professional competencies for health sciences librarians, and is often included in many job requirements in this field. However, few opportunities for formal training are available, leaving most librarians to learn how to teach effectively on the job. This column examines some of the literature surrounding pedagogy for medical informatics librarians and invites readers to identify their needs for training as instruction librarians via an informal survey.
    Keywords:  Informatics instruction; Pedagogy
  14. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 125-138
    Healy HS, Regan M, Deberg J.
      This case study describes the process librarians at a large research university used to evaluate a systematic review searching service. PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Scopus were searched for studies with a local, health sciences author. Data on librarian involvement, search quality, and standards adherence were recorded. Results of the assessment indicate a gradual increase in librarian authorship or acknowledgement over time, a moderate improvement in adherence to reporting standards over time, and insight into which departments better adhere to standards. Ideas for improving the quality and reach of the service while ensuring sustainability are discussed.
    Keywords:  Expert searcher; PRISMA; health sciences librarians; librarian’s role; library services; reporting guidelines; service evaluation; systematic reviews
  15. Br Dent J. 2020 Apr;228(8): 609-614
    Leung JY, Ni Riordain R, Porter S.
      Background Healthcare information is increasingly being sought on the Internet. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) poses a significant health burden. Concern often arises for patients with IHD when undergoing dental treatment, leading to online searching for relevant healthcare information.Objective To evaluate the readability and quality of webpages regarding IHD and dental treatment.Materials and methods Three searches were performed on the Google search engine. The first hundred results of each search were collated and exclusion criteria applied. The remaining 66 webpages were categorised. Readability was assessed using the FRES and SMOG readability tools. Quality was assessed using the PEMAT questionnaire, the JAMA benchmarks and the Health On the Net (HON) seal.Results Most examined webpages were commercial. Readability of 90.1% of webpages was deemed fairly to very difficult. Understandability and actionability scores were generally below the comprehension level of the general population. Less than 50% of websites achieved the authorship, attribution and disclosure JAMA benchmarks. Only 12.1% of websites displayed the HON seal.Conclusions Online health information related to IHD and dental treatment is generally too difficult for the average individual to read, understand, or act upon, and may be of questionable quality. Given the low health literacy rates among the general population, future revisions of educational materials by non-commercial sources regarding IHD and dental treatment are warranted, in order to ensure online health information is understandable and of genuine benefit to patients and/or their carers.
  16. J Vestib Res. 2020 Apr 22.
    Felipe L, Beukes EW, Fox BA, Manchaiah V.
      BACKGROUND: The Internet has become a powerful, accessible resource for many patients to use for their own medical management and knowledge. Vestibular disorders affect all genders and ages with the odds increasing significantly with the years. As the Internet is increasingly a major source of health-related information to the general public, it is often used to search for information regarding dizziness and vertigo. Ensuring that the information is accessible, unbiased and appropriate can aid informed decision-making.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and readability of English-language Internet information related to vestibular disorders.
    METHODS: A cross-sectional website search using three keywords (nausea, dizziness, and vertigo) in five country-specific versions of the most commonly used Internet search engine was conducted in March 2018. The language was limited to English for all websites. Quality was assessed by presence of Health on the Net (HON) certification and DISCERN scores. Readability was assessed using the Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Formula (F-KGL), and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG).
    RESULTS: In total, 112 websites were included and analyzed. The majority was of commercial (61%) websites. A total of 42% had obtained HON certification. No association was found between the presence of HON certification and source of the website. The DISCERN scores had a mean of 2.52 (SD 1.1). Readability measures indicated that an average of 14-18 years of education was required to read and understand the Internet information provided regarding vestibular disorders.
    CONCLUSIONS: To ensure the accessible to the general population, it is necessary to improve the quality and readability of Internet-based information regarding vestibular disorders.
    Keywords:  Vestibular disorders; health information quality; health information readability; internet health information
  17. J Med Internet Res. 2020 Apr 24. 22(4): e15599
    Mueller SM, Hongler VNS, Jungo P, Cajacob L, Schwegler S, Steveling EH, Manjaly Thomas ZR, Fuchs O, Navarini A, Scherer K, Brandt O.
      BACKGROUND: In recent years, YouTube has become a recognized source of medical information for health care consumers. Although YouTube has advantages in this context, there are potential dangers as videos may contain nonscientific, misleading, or even harmful information.OBJECTIVE: As little is known about YouTube as a source of information on atopic dermatitis (AD), we investigated the content-related quality of AD videos and their perception among YouTube users.
    METHODS: The quality of the 100 most viewed AD videos was assessed by using the Global Quality Scale (GQS) and the DISCERN instrument. Videos were classified as "useful," "misleading," and "potentially harmful," and the correlations of viewers' ratings (likes) with the GQS and DISCERN scores were assessed.
    RESULTS: Among the 100 videos, 68.0% (68/100) and 62.0% (62/100) were of poor and very poor scientific quality, respectively. Additionally, 32.0% (32/100) of the videos were classified as useful, 48.0% (48/100) were classified as misleading, and 34.0% (34/100) were classified as potentially harmful. Viewers' ratings did not correlate with the GQS and DISCERN scores. Overall, 50.0% (50/100) of the videos were posted by private individuals and promoters of complementary/alternative treatments, 42.0% (42/100) by therapeutical advertisers, and only 8.0% (8/100) by nonprofit organizations/universities.
    CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that two-thirds of the videos analyzed were below acceptable medical quality standards and that many videos were disseminating misleading or even dangerous content. Subjective and anecdotal content was overrepresented, and viewers did not appear to be able to distinguish between high- and low-quality videos. Health promotion strategies by professional medical organizations are needed to improve their presence and visibility on YouTube.
    Keywords:  DISCERN; Global Quality Scale; YouTube; atopic dermatitis; atopic eczema; quality assessment; social media; videos
  18. Health Info Libr J. 2020 Apr 21.
    González-Teruel A, Campos-Peláez MI, Fortea-Cabo G.
      BACKGROUND: Medical residents can offer ideas for new information services, as most of them are 'digital natives', although reviews of the use of social media in health care settings do not provide data on their information behaviour.OBJECTIVE: A scoping review aimed at providing a research map for the information behaviour of medical residents and their use of social media, listing the aspects of the information behaviour studied and the theories and methods used.
    METHODS: A search was carried out in pubmed, embase, cinahl and lisa in April of 2018, with the results limited to the period from 2010 onwards.
    RESULTS: Thirty-nine relevant articles from 38 different studies were identified. The presence and use of social media was the most researched aspect, followed by information sharing, the relationships established and, finally, the search for and use of information. These aspects are researched mainly from the point of view of doctor-patient interactions. Only one study incorporated a theory of its design. Surveys were the most frequently used method.
    CONCLUSION: Research does not delve into medical residents' information behaviour on social media, despite the residents themselves using these media (in the context of everyday life, at least). More research is required.
    Keywords:  doctors; education, graduate; education, medical; information seeking behaviour; review; scoping; social media
  19. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020 Apr 22. 20(1): 235
    Georgsson S, Carlsson T.
      BACKGROUND: Providing information about prenatal tests is a clinical challenge and the public frequently accesses the Web to read pregnancy-related information. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate the quality of consumer-oriented websites addressing obstetric ultrasound examination in the second trimester of pregnancy.METHODS: Swedish websites were identified with Google, using 20 search strings and screening 400 hits (n = 71 included websites). Reliability and information about the examination were assessed with the DISCERN instrument, completeness was assessed according to national guidelines, and readability analyzed with the Readability Index. Popularity was determined with the ALEXA tool and search rank was determined according to Google hit lists.
    RESULTS: The mean total DISCERN score was 29.7/80 (SD 11.4), with > 50% having low quality for 15 of the 16 questions. The mean completeness score was 6.8/24 (SD 4.5). The Readability Index ranged between 22 and 63, with a mean of 42.7 (SD 6.8), indicating difficult readability. Weak and non-significant correlations were observed between ALEXA/search rank and the investigated quality variables, except for search rank and reliability.
    CONCLUSIONS: The quality of consumer-oriented websites addressing the second trimester ultrasound examination is low. Health professionals need to discuss this with expectant parents considering undergoing the examination. There is a need for efforts that aim to improve the poor quality of online sources in the field of prenatal examinations.
    Keywords:  Consumer health information; Pregnancy; Prenatal care; Second pregnancy trimester; Ultrasonography; World wide web
  20. J Sleep Res. 2020 Apr 21. e13053
    Szmuda T, Özdemir C, Fedorow K, Ali S, Słoniewski P.
      YouTube is the world's most popular video-sharing site that in recent years has become an important platform for patients in finding educational information about their disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality and reliability of narcolepsy-related YouTube videos. We searched the key terms "Narcolepsy", "Narcolepsy-cataplexy," "Narcolepsy excessive daytime sleepiness" and "Narcolepsy excessive drowsiness" on YouTube. 80 videos were analyzed as they meet the inclusion criteria. Quantitative and qualitative metrics were recorded and the videos were scored using the DISCERN instrument by two independent raters. Our findings show that the majority of videos contained clear information (84%), symptoms (78%) and patient experience (69%). Most videos were published by an educational channel not representing a hospital or clinic (41%) or by a patient suffering from the disease (25%). Videos containing animations had a statistically significant correlation between average daily views (p = .0004) and the video power index (p = .0048), suggesting that this feature increased the popularity among viewers. The mean DISCERN score was 27 ± 8, indicating that the quality of narcolepsy related-videos is poor. Therefore, patients that use YouTube as an educational tool are currently not attaining a comprehensive understanding of the disease. For this reason, we have indicated the top 5 videos that physicians can recommend to their patients. Our paper highlights the gaps of knowledge concerning narcolepsy information on YouTube. Therefore, this information can be used to create better educational content in the future.
    Keywords:  YouTube; analysis; internet; narcolepsy; online; quality
  21. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2020 Apr 20.
    Steeb T, Reinhardt L, Görgmayr C, Weingarten H, Doppler A, Brütting J, Meier F, Berking C, .
      YouTubeTM is an openly accessible video-sharing platform that is increasingly used by melanoma patients to acquire disease-related information. Dissemination of medical information through such a platform may offer valuable opportunities, but also challenges as the quality of unfiltered information posted may be of low scientific quality1 , or even be misleading. Additionally, the credibility of the providers cannot be verified.2-4 Moreover, little is known about the value of such videos. Therefore, we aimed to identify YouTubeTM videos on melanoma and to assess their quality, reliability, usability, and understandability.
  22. Med Ref Serv Q. 2020 Apr-Jun;39(2):39(2): 192-199
    Lopez E.